Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania County Battlefields Memorial National Military Park Travel Guide

  • mc coull house 1864
    mc coull house 1864
    by doug48
  • thomas jackson's death bed
    thomas jackson's death bed
    by doug48
  • heth
    heth
    by doug48

Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania County Battlefields Memorial National Military Park Things to Do

  • confederate cemetery

    the fredericksburg confederate cemetery was established by the ladies memorial association in 1867. six confederate generals and 3,300 confederate soldiers are inturned here. many of those buried in the confederate cemetery were reinturned from battle sites in the fredericksburg area. the monument in the center of the cemetery was erected in 1884.

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  • fairview

    after the union abandoned hazels grove they set up artillery positions at fairview. union troops under the command of general daniel sickles. sickles dug artillery pits and aimed their cannon at hazels grove. by now the forces of general's lee and stuart had reunited as a single army. after a five hour artillery duel the confederates forced sickles...

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  • thomas jackson shrine

    pictured is an out building on thomas chandler's 740 acre fairfield plantation. confederate general thomas "stonewall" jackson died in this building on may 10 th 1863. on may 2 nd just after his brilliant victory during the battle of chancellorsville he was mistakenly shot in the arm by one of his own men. after his arm was amputated near ellwood...

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  • heth's salient

    pictured is heth's salient which was part of the larger mule shoe salient. on the morning of may 12 th union general grant ordered ambrose burnsides's IX corps to take heth's salient. the confederates held the line in the morning hours and in the afternoon the forces of confederate general jubal early counter attacked. after almost 20 hours of...

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  • prospect hill

    prospect hill was a confederate defensive position just west of downtown fredericksburg. from this point confederate artillery could shell union positions in downtown fredericksburg. union general ambrose burnside ordered generals george meade, abner doubleday, and john reynolds to take the this position. after a day long battle the forces of...

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  • jackson's attack

    after positioning his army to the west of chancellorsville jackson attacked the union 11 th corps. around 5:00 pm on may 2 nd. the 11 th corps were commanded by generals oliver o. howard, charles devens, adolph von steinwehr and colonel leopold von gilsa. this majority german division was deployed on the bush back line which is the line of trees in...

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  • hazels grove

    after the wounding of general jackson on the evening of may 2 nd general j. e. b. stuart took over command of his army. on the morning of may 3 rd stuart turned the attention of jackson's corps to hazels grove. hazels grove was large open plateau that was a key position in the battlefield. just before dawn general joseph hooker withdrew his troops...

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  • lee and jackson's bivouac

    on the evening of may 1 st 1863 generals robert e. lee and thomas "stonewall" jackson devised one of the boldest schemes in american military history. at this site the two generals plotted how to destroy union general joseph hooker's 75,000 man army now entrenched around chancellorsville. the solution came when cavalry general j. e. b. stuart...

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  • east face of the salient

    pictured are remnants of confederate trenches on the east face of the mule shoe salient. after the union break through of the confederate line on may 12 th the confederates counterattacked on both sides of the salient. general john gordon's division moved forward across the harrison and mc coull farms to eventually recapture the east face of the...

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  • wilderness battlefield exhibit shelter

    the wilderness battlefield exhibit shelter is an important stop on the wilderness battlefield tour. on display at the shelter there are maps and information of the battle of the wilderness. the battle of the wilderness was fought between may 5 th and may 7 th 1864 between union general grant's army of the potomac and general lee's army of northern...

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  • catherine furnace

    pictured is the ruins of catherine furnace. catherine furnace was built in 1837. after ten years of iron production the furnace closed. on the ontset of the civil war catherine furnace was reopened and was a confederate munitions foundry. on may 2 nd 1863 general thomas jackson's 30,000 man army marched past this still functioning foundry in his...

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  • spotsylvania county museum

    the spotsylvania county museum and research library is located in the old berea church. the old berea church was built in 1856 in the virginia gothic revival style. during the battle of spotsylvania courthouse the berea church served as a confederate hospital. the museum has exhibits on the history of spotsylvania county and is home to the francis...

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  • confederate cemetery

    the spotsylvania confederate cemetery is located on courthouse road near the spotsylvania courthouse. this is the final resting place of confederate soldiers who lost their lives in the battle of spotsylvania courthouse.

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  • spotsylvania courthouse

    the original spotsylvania courthouse was built in 1840. during the battle of spotsylvania in 1864 the courthouse was severely damaged and major repairs were made in 1870. the current spotsylvania courthouse was built on the site of the old courthouse in 1900. the doric columns of the new courthouse were salvaged from the demolition of the old...

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  • fredericksburg road

    after the bloody battles of the mule shoe salient on may 12 th the fighting shifted east to the fredericksburg road. the fredericksburg road, today called courthouse road (VA 208), and later massaponax church road became avenues of union advance. the fredericksburg road became the life line of the union army. all wounded union soldiers going north...

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  • mc coull house site

    the mc coull house was built by neil mc coull in 1846. located near harrison farm it was in the center of the mule shoe salient. the mc could house was the scene of a confederate counterattack led by generals stephen ramsuer and junius daniel's north carolina brigades. the mc coull house was damaged during the battle and it's out buildings served...

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  • chancellorsville

    on the morning of may 3 rd 1863 at 5:30 AM the now combined forces of generals robert e. lee and j. e. b. stuart simultaneously attacked union positions around chancellorsville. generals stuart, robert rhodes, and henry heth attacked the union forces under general daniel sickles at fairview from the west. confederate general richard anderson...

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  • chancellor cemetery

    located at fairview is the chancellor family cemetery. this cemetery was established in 1812. during the battle of chancellorsville union solders were interned here but were later moved to the national cemetery in fredericksburg. today there are 25 headstones in the cemetery all dated after the civil war.

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  • harrison farm

    behind the confederate lines of the mule shoe salient stood the harrison farm. prior to the battle of spotsylvania edgar harrison owned this small farm and eleven slaves. on the morning of may 12 th after union success at the bloody angle confederate general john gordon formed his division in harrison's field and began the counterattack on the...

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  • the bloody angle

    on may 12 th union colonel emory upton attacked the forces of confederate general samuel mc gowan at a section of the mule shoe salient that became known as the bloody angle. the mule shoe was a bulge in the confederate defensive line that looked like a "mule shoe". both sides fought a fierce hand to hand battle here for almost twenty hours. this...

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  • mc laws trail

    on may 3 rd 1863 the confederate forces of general robert e. lee had the union surrounded on three sides. general stuart was attacking from the west. general anderson was attacking from the south, and general mc laws was attacking from the east. pictured is the area were confederate general lafayette mc laws attacked the forces of union general...

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  • sedgwick monument

    on the night of may 8 th 1864 general gouveneur warren's V corps marched toward spotsylvania courthouse on and near brock road. around 8:00 AM on may 9 th general john sedgwick arrived at this spot to direct some minor redeployments of his troops. ignoring warnings from his chief of staff sedgwick walked around admonishing his troops to cease...

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  • widow tapp's farm

    prior to the battle of the wilderness baylor tapp established a farm in the wilderness area of spotsylvania county. baylor tapp married catherine dempsey who after the death of her husband became known as widow tapp. the widow tapp farm was the site of confederate general robert e. lee's headquarters during the battle of the wilderness. catherine...

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  • saunders field

    the battle of saunders field was fought between may 5 th and 6 th 1864 between the forces of confederate general richard ewell and union general gouveneur warren. the battle of saunders field was one of the most horrific battles of the civil war. the confederate forces of generals richard ewell and a. p. hill attacked union positions held by...

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Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania County Battlefields Memorial National Military Park Shopping

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    Park service store 4 more images

    by grandmaR Updated Apr 17, 2007

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    This park has an extensive bookstore operated by a cooperating association called Eastern National which was created by Congress to sell items in National Park Service areas. One of the main bookstores is located in a building adjacent to the Fredericksburg Battlefield Visitor Center and another one is in the Chancellorsville Visitor Center with smaller outlets in the Stonewall Jackson Shrine and Chatham Manor

    What to buy: Maps and posters

    View of Fredericksburg 1865

    Engravings are historical documents, a graphic record of the leading actors, places and events of the Civil War Era. The engravings are offered in black in white, as they appeared to their 19th century audience, and then hand-colored by artists: $9.00

    Books such as WS Concise History of the CW

    Part of the National Park Civil War Series. In 1861, the North and South, wedded by bonds of history, blood, and sacrifice, simply could no longer make this union forged by the Founding Fathers work. Irreconcilable differences emerged based on politics, geography, philosophy and economy. When it was over, after countless losses on countless battlefields, the citizens of this fractured nation had to decide for themselves if the result justified the sacrifice. Win or lose, living or dead, soldier or civilian, they had participated in something that set America apart and sent it on the path to world power. softcover 60 pages.$7.95

    Wilderness Battle - Pin

    Civil War armies repeatedly fought around Fredericksburg because it stood halfway between the contending capitals of Washington DC and Richmond, VA. The mighty battles of Fredericksburg (1862), Chancellorsville (1863), and Wilderness & Spotsylvania (both 1864), left behind more than 100,000 casualties. That makes the Fredericksburg area by far the most heavily fought-over ground in North America.: $3.95

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Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania County Battlefields Memorial National Military Park Warnings and Dangers

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    by zanzooni Written Oct 26, 2009

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    Metal detectors. OH, they are so cool and the adrenaline rush of finding some treasures. You can not use them in the battlefields,nor US Parkland's. Nope...sorry, no way. Yes, I know. The thoughts of finding those soldiers buttons and belt buckles excite you. It's ILLEGAL. What can happen to you if your caught? "The last of 3 men caught relic hunting on Spotsylvania Court House battlefield has been sentenced. Jeremy Burroughs gets 2 years in jail and was ordered to pay $28,600 in restitution to the Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park. In March, Burroughs and two other men, Fenton E. Terembes Jr. and Vincent E. Williams were caught by a park ranger who saw them digging in the national park. Their metal detectors and the relics they unearthed were confiscated. Among the items were bullets, and a Confederate belt buckle. "These are public property and owned by future generations. Once these artifacts are gone and in private collections, they cannot be replaced." Still interested??

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Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania County Battlefields Memorial National Military Park Off The Beaten Path

  • BLOODY ANGLE

    Lee's army entrenched itself before Spotsylvania Court House and ensuing Union attacks were for naught. Then, on May 10, Col. Emory Upton - you find his likeness on the Gettysburg monument to the 121st New York regiment - led 12 regiments in a assault that would be a preview for WWI assault tactics. His men charged on the fly without shooting a...

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  • SEDGWICK MONUMENT

    Coming onto the scene of fighting at Spotsylvania on the second day - May 8 - Maj. Gen. John Sedgwick, the senior corps commander in the Army of the Potomac (VI corps), lightheartedly chided some of his soldiers who were dodging sharpshooter bullets. 'why they couldn't hit an elephant from this range!' Sedgwick exclaimed. Just then, from 800 yards,...

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  • SPOTSYLVANIA EXHIBIT SHELTER

    As at the Wilderness, Spotsylvania does not rate a Visitor Center. A grouping of informational panels will have to suffice. The fighting here at Spotsylvania went on for two weeks and like at the Wilderness (which was only a two day affair) resulted in 17000 Federal casualties and 10000 Confederates with a number of commanders who Lee would never...

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Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania County Battlefields Memorial National Military Park Favorites

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    Battlefield diagram 4 more images

    by grandmaR Updated Apr 17, 2007

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    Favorite thing: According to the National Park Service, the Fredericksburg & Spotsylvania National Military Park is the second largest military park on the planet. It includes four battlefields and two visitors centers and is spread over the city of Fredericksburg and four counties. There are also four historic buildings that are open - Chatham Manor, Salem Church, "Stonewall" Jackson Shrine and Ellwood Manor. Of these, only Chatham is open daily. Ellwood was closed when we went past.

    We visited the Fredericksburg Visitor's Center, and on other occasions, we have stopped by the Wilderness Battlefield Exhibit on route 20 (where there is no visitor's center)

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Explore Deeper into Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania County Battlefields Memorial National Military Park
doles salient
Things to Do
spotsylvania exhibit shelter
Things to Do
battle of todd's tavern
Things to Do
site of the wounding of james longstreet
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chewning farm
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higgerson farm
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new york monument
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meade pyramid
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grant's headquarters
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ellwood manor
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ruins of chancellor house
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lee's headquarters
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second battle of marye's heights
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mannsfield slave cabins
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the battle of frederickburg
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the death of elisha paxton
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chancellorsville battlefield visitor center
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matthew fontaine maury birthplace
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battle of salem church
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fredericksburg national cemetery
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battle of marye's heights
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howiston hill
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battle of fredericksburg visitor center
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F'BURG MEAD'S PYRAMID
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CATHERINE FURNACE
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CHANCELLORSVILLE VISITOR CENTER
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Outdoor Walking Tour Information
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Fredericksburg Battlefield Visitor's Center
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US NATIONAL CEMETERY
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VERMONT BRIGADE MONUMENT
Off The Beaten Path
LONGSTREET'S ATTACK
Off The Beaten Path
WIDOW TAPP FARM
Off The Beaten Path
HILL-EWELL DRIVE
Off The Beaten Path
GORDON FLANK TRAIL
Off The Beaten Path
WILDERNESS EXHIBIT SHELTER
Off The Beaten Path
MINE RUN CAMPAIGN
Off The Beaten Path
JACKSON'S ATTACK BEGINS
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MCLAWS' TRAIL/LICK RUN BATTLEFIELD
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PARKER'S BATTERY AND 2ND FREDERICKSBURG
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SALEM CHURCH
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Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania County Battlefields Memorial National Military Park Travel Guide
Map of Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania County Battlefields Memorial National Military Park

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