1925 ROLLS-ROYCE SILVER GHOST TOWN CAR
This prestigeous car, manufactured in number of 6173 in 1907-1925, built in Manchester, England was personally owned by Rudolph Valentino an Italian actor living in the USA. The car's body paint was intentionally alligatored when new to create the effect of leather-covered body. With 6-cylinder, 45 horse power engine the Silver Ghost can drive 80 mph (128.7 km/h.)
Rolls-Royce Limited was a British car and aero-engine manufacturing company founded by Henry Royce and C.S. Rolls in Manchester, England in 1906. In 1921, the company opened a second factory in Springfield, Massachusetts. In 1931 the company acquired rival car maker Bentley. From then until 2002, Bentley and Rolls-Royce cars were often identical apart from the radiator grille and minor details. In 1973 the car division was separated from Rolls-Royce Limited as Rolls-Royce Motors. This company no longer owns rights to the Rolls-Royce name, from 2003 these are owned by BMW's Rolls-Royce Motor Cars, a BMW subsidiary responsible for the manufacture of the Rolls-Royce Phantom.
1925 FRANKLIN MODEL 10C
This dark green, beautiful car was one of the few remaining air-cooled cars in 1925. Air-cooling is by means of a hood over the motor. A fan is located at the front of this hood, and creates a vacuum which causes the air to rush around the motor.
The H. H. Franklin Manufacturing Company was a maker of automobiles in the USA between 1902 and 1934 in Syracuse, New York. Franklin cars were technological leaders, using six cylinders by 1905 (a world first) and in 1907 were the first automobiles to have automatic spark advance. They were also the undisputed leader in air-cooled cars at a time when virtually every other manufacturer had adopted water cooling, being cheaper and easier to manufacture. However prior to the invention of antifreeze, the air-cooled car had a huge advantage in cold weather, and Franklins were a popular buy among people, such as doctors, who needed an all-weather machine.
The black, aluminium body of Mercedes Benz model S displayed in the Car & Carriage Caravan Museum looks impressive. It is absolutely the finest sports and road racing car ever produced by any manufacturer. It is one of the heaviest and most powerful of this type ever made. Only 146 examples of Model S were produced in Germany, all in 1927-1928.
The hood of the displayed car was open, so I could easily see a supercharged inline-six cylinder engine capable of producing 180 horsepower, 120 in normal aspiration form capable to speed the car up to 177 km/h (110 mph).
Cord was the brand name of a United States automobile, manufactured by the Auburn Automobile Company (part of the Cord Corporation) from 1929 through 1932 and again from 1936 to 1937. I've never heard that name before. Have you?
Cord model L-29 was probably the most beautiful car I've seen in the Car & Carriage Caravan Museum in Luray. The flowing classic lines and front wheel drive (innovation that time) with the transmission forward of the engine make the Cord one of the most outstanding automobiles ever produced in the US. Let me add that front wheel drive became common only in the 1980s. The powerful 8-cylinder, 120 horse power engine allowed to drive with the maximum speed of 125 km/h (77.7 mph.) With the price of $2,595.00 it was definetely car for the upclass.
The Cord Corporation was founded and run by Errett Lobban Cord who was noted for its innovative technology and streamlined designs. It is said that Mr. Cord had a philosophy to build truly different, innovative cars. However, it wasn't necessarily a good philosophy for building cars that would sell well and turn a profit.
1932 ROLLS-ROYCE MODEL 20/25
To be honest I didn't like the design of this very prestigous and rare (only 81 produced) car, especially of its coachwork constructed of a mixture of Honduras and African mahogany. This vehicle's main function was for a gentleman's hunting wagon. However, the second owner was a doctor in South Africa in the 1930's-1940's. To my dissapointment 6-cylinder engine of this car offered relatively low power as for that time and large size of theautomobile: only 25 horse power. Although the car maximum speed was not that low: 50 mph (80.5 km/h.)
1931 MORGAN AERO SUPER SPORT
The low and purposeful engine of this English three-wheeler produced by the Morgan Motor Company is slung aggressively in front of a beautifully rounded radiator. Well, it's more than a motorcycle and not quite a car. Morgan's were popular during the 1930's in Britain due to a tax advantage that allowed three-wheeled car to be registered as a motorcycle. The 2-cylinder, 45 horse power engine of Morgan can speed the three-wheeler up to 120 km/h (80 mph.)
The Morgan Motor Company is a British automobile manufacturer founded in 1910. Today the factory located in Malvern Link (an area of Malvern in Worcestershire) has 130 employees who made all the cars by hand. The waiting list can be up to a year. Production is nine cars a week and each car takes three months to build.
This very unusual and beautifully made Lincoln is the only one of this type ever built. It was custom-designed and built for the late Edsel Ford by Ford Motor Car Company in Detroit, Michigan. The interior of the seven-passenger body is equipped with intercom and buzzer systems. Its 120 horse power engine has 8 cylinders.
Lincoln is an American luxury automobile brand, operated under the Ford Motor Company. The company was founded in 1917 by Henry M. Leland, one of the founders of Cadillac. He named the brand after his longtime hero Abraham Lincoln, for whom he had voted in 1860 in the first presidential elections he was eligible for. In 1922 Lincoln was bought by Ford Motor Company. Lincoln had a long history of providing limousines for the U.S. presidents. Franklin D. Roosevelt, Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy, once Johnson, Nixon, Ford, Carter, Reagan and both Bush used Lincoln presidential cars.
There are also old licence plates from 1910' - 1930' displayed in the Car & Carriage Caravan Museum. Each plate contained the name of the state. In Virginia the number given on a licence plate from 1915 was 1510, while in 1926 it was 108,326. There is also the exhibit of Ohio licence plates with president's initials and numbers.
There are a few very well preserved or restored carriages and stagecoaches on display in the Car & Carriage Caravan Museum.
The oldest one, dated circa 1727-1729, is Berlin Coupe de Gala Carriage. This German, light and fast four-wheeled travelling carriage with a separate hooded seat at the rear features the very large rear wheels, of almost man's height.
Black and red road coach from 1840-1850 (see pictures 3-5) has additional space and benches on roof for either luggage or additional passangers.
This Conestoga Wagon from 1840 in my picture was the most interesting engineless transportation mean displayed in the Car & Carriage Caravan Museum. It was made in Lancaster County, Conestoga, Pennsylvania and used for transport of heavy freight. The Conestoga Wagon was usually pulled by six horses (rarely oxen) including one for the wagoner.
Of transport wagons that took part in the development of the West, the Conestoga was the most distinctive, with graceful, curved lines that made it recognizable even from a distance. The boat-like design lent Conestogas the nickname ships of inland commerce. I've watched the Conestoga wagons in western movies but I've got to know something more about them in Luray.
Next to Luray Caverns is the Garden Maze. If you're feeling adventurous, and want a bit of a challenge, then give it a try.
Inside the maze are four "goals", which all share a common theme (hint: one goal refers to another maze). This is great fun, and a nice change of pace from the caverns.
This school was in use from the 1870s to the 1930s. The restored one-room school was moved from its original site in the early 1970s, restored and furnished through citizens donations. Inside are sixteen original double desks; an old cast iron stove; a handmade teacher's desk and chair; a flag pole used during the War Between the States, an 1880 school house bell; and lots of photos and displays. Open by appointment only.
The Luray Singing tower was given to the town of Luray in 1937. It is more than 100 feet tall and it contains a carillon of 47 bells. The largest bell weighs about 4 tons and is about 6 feet wide. The smallest weighs a piddly 12 1/2 pounds. It is one of the country's major carillons, they have free recitals throughout the spring, summer and fall.
Luray Caverns is the argest and most popular caverns in the East. I was impressed at the wide variety of formations and natural color. From lighted, paved walkways you can go through rooms the size of a cathedral with ceilings 10 stories high filled with towering stone columns and crystal-clear pools. Also, hear the world's only Stalacpipe Organ. I wasn't sure whether they allowed photography inside, so I didn't take any pictures.
ADMISSION: Adults (12-61) $21.00; Children (6-12) $9.00; Seniors (62 years and above) $18.00.
While visiting the Caverns, you can also experience the history of America in an exhibit featuring over 140 items relating to transportation, including cars, carriages, coaches and costumes from 1725. The oldest vehicle in operating condition, an 1892 Benz, is here. Other notable modes of transportation here include a Conestoga Wagon, a 1908 Baker Electric, a 1913 Stanley Steamer, and Rudolph Valentino's 1925 Rolls Royce. General admission to Luray Caverns gets you in here as well.
There is a small gren pool - the Wishng Well - by the Luray Caverns trail. It's a place to make a wish and throw a coin into water the wish, according to a belief, to become true. My wish was sunny weather in the mountains I was going to visit that day and (do not laugh at me) to find an aligator on my southern trip. The first wish didn't come true the second one yes, although my Louisiana aligator was swimming in the Mississipi Delta totally ignoring me instead of lying in the sun in front of my car.
The pool is drained every year and the entire proceeds are donated for medical research, educational grants, and to other worthy charitable and nonprofit organisations. In my part of the world you throw a coin into such pool when the place is so beautiful that you want to come back.
An underground Luray cavern system is filled with columns, mud flows, stalactites, stalagmites, flowstone, mirrored pools and many other formations. The most interesting called Fried Eggs is in my picture. The eggs are of natural size and our guide explained us how they were created. It took a few milions years.
As this strange formation is located by narrow underground passage and everyone wants to take a picture of this caverns' symbol it took us some time to manage it. If you fail you may buy a postcard with these fried eggs in a gift shop.
Huge subterranean chambers of Luray Caverns display a profuse variety of ancient stone formations. They are filled with towering stone columns, shimmering draperies and crystal-clear pools. The chamber called the Giant’s Hall include one of the most spectacular formations in Luray Caverns: 47 feet (14 m) high Double Column, the tallest one in the caverns. It looks impressive. The walkway surrounds the column on some height so the formation grows from beneath the walking level.