Along this street are statues of key Confederates in the War for Southern Independence. In the 1970s, city leaders gave over the monuments to the state to prevent some future city government from moving or destroying the monuments.
J.E.B. Stuart Monument
Located in the centre of Stuart Circle, the monument is a focal point for the Fan neighbourhood. Stuart appears triumphantly atop his horse which happens to be placed facing the South. The monument creates an elabourate traffic circle like many European traffic intersections.
The Robert E. Lee Monument was the first monument to be erected on Monument Avenue. At its unveiling in 1890, over 25,000 people, mostly veterans of the War for Southern Independence, attended the ceremony. It is easily one of the most eye-catching monuments in Richmond.
Stonewall Jackson Monument
Located at the busy intersection of Monument Avenue and Boulevard, the Stonewall Jackson monument is one of the less outstanding monuments of the avenue. Its simplicity adds to the overall effect and beauty of the statue.
Jefferson Davis Monument
Sculpted by a Richmond native, the Jefferson Davis Monument is an outstanding monument dedicated to the Confederate President completed in 1908, the centennial of his birth. The monument rises prominently in the median of Monument Avenue where it intersects with Davis Avenue.
Matthew Fontaine Maury Monument
This is one of the more unique monuments on the avenue in that many folks associate this war with land battles, often overlooking naval warfare. U.S. Naval officer and oceanographer who was the founder of the U.S. Naval Observatory; Confederate Head of Coast, harbour and river defences; Inventor of a torpedo; pioneer of wind and current charts.
The Arthur Ashe statue was put there as much to make a political statement as to honour the gentleman. He needs a statue, just not there. Folks from up north and other foreign destinations like to laugh at our monuments to the War for Southern Independence.
The area around Monument Avenue and Franklin Street toward downtown is called Monument Avenue district. It is an old, residential and upscale part of Richmond with many old houses and residencies. It is a great area for long and relaxing walks among beautiful, historical houses, residencies and buildings.
Monument avenue was built to connect Franklin Street with the monument of General Lee in 1890. The avenue was extended westward over the next forty years. There were next monuments put along the street that time.
Although it always takes me forever to find Monument Avenue it is worth driving down when in Richmond. The street is lined with beautiful homes and old Oak Trees. Every few blocks are round abouts with huge monuments in the center. Off the top of my head, two monuments are Stonewall Jackson and Arthur Ash
Jefferson Davis is referred to as "President Davis" in Richmond and in most of the South. I am not a fan of Jefferson Davis and will not dignify him with any honorific title. I fully understand that the soldiers like Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson had to make tough decisions as to either fight with their neighbors or to forsake their family, friends and homes and fight for the Union.
Jefferson Davis, however, was a seccessionist and became the spokesperson for the treasonous actions of his fellow southern politicians. At taking the oath of office for the confederate presidency he said:
"...the American idea that government rests on the consent of the governed, and that it is the right of the governed, and that it is the right of the people to alter or abolish them at will..."
Such talk is nonsense. Its logical conclusion would be anarchy. And in the case of Davis and his cohorts it meant the most destructive period in American history. The bloodshed was unimaginable and it is my firm belief that it was preventable if cooler heads had prevailed in the southern states.
It is possible that Stonewall Jackson is more beloved and revered in the South than even the great General Robert E. Lee. Jackson was instrumental in Confederate victories at Antietem, Second Manassas and Chancellorsville.
He obtained his nickname of Stonewall at the First Battle of Manassas (also known as Bull Run). General Barnard Bee coined the name when he was rallying his troops to fight on. He pointed out Jackson and his corps and said, "There is Jackson standing like a stone wall. Let us determine to die here, and we will conquer." General Bee was prophetic as he did expire as he led his troops in a charge against the federals.
Jackson was mortally injured by friendly fire at Chancellorsville on May 2, 1863 and succumbed to those wounds on May 10, 1863. Like many Confederate officers, Jackson was fervently religous. he believed that the war was God's will and that in his role as a Confederate general he was fulfilling his heavenly duty.
Jeb Stuart was the golden boy of the Confederate army. A favorite of General Lee, Stuart was given free reign to plan and lead daring calvary attacks against the more conventional northern infantry based army. Known for his haberdashery and perfectly coifed hair and pointed beard Stuart remains a hero to this day in much of the South. Jeb Stuart was killed at the age of 31 in 1864 at the Battle of Yellow Tavern. Interestingly, he was harassing a unit led by George Custer (who later showed his lack of brilliance at Little Bighorn) when he fell.
One of the prettiest streets. I used to run along here. There are a bunch of monuments along the way such as Stonewall Jackson and Arthur Ashe. The street itself is lined with trees and pretty houses. The monuments run along the middle.
Just west of Downtown is this avenue lined with stately historic houses and monuments to the leaders of the Confedracy.
Monument Avenue is an impressive street lined with beautiful homes and dotted with impressive monuments to various Confederate heroes and other local heroes.