By 1880 Cheyenne was referred to as The Magic City on the Plains. It developed rapidly into the wealthiest per capita town in the U.S. In addition to the large Texas cattle companies there were also many large Wyoming cattle companies whose owners had their headquarters and homes within the city.
The Cattle Barons, as they came to be called, played a key role in the next decade of development in Cheyenne. They invested in the city and its future by building elegant mansions for their families and prominent business structures within downtown area.
Favorite thing: Another interesting sculpture on the grounds of the Wyoming State Capital. This one is dedicated to the memory of the 2nd Regiment of the Volunteer Cavalry who fought in the Spanish-American War (1898-1901).
Go to Fort Laramie on the North of Cheyenne.
It was a fort located on the Oregon trail, set up in 1849 to protect the pionneers at the frontier.
The walls have been demolished but the buildings have been maintained and restored. We can see how lived the soldiers far from home in a hostile country. Though it is famous, Fort Laramie had never had an assault from the indian tribes.
Fondest memory: When I was young, I watched a US TV serie which took place in Fort Laramie and its garnison. In each program, the young boy (Rusty) launched his dog (called RIN TIN TIN) against a bad man, shouting 'YOOHOO Rin Tin Tin !'.
On July 4,1867 the first tents were pitched on the site now known as Cheyenne. Cheyenne means 'aliens', or 'people of foreign language'. The Sioux Indians gave this name to the Indian tribe 'Dzitsistes', who roamed the open plains. Their spelling was Shyenne.
The first settlers were men who moved west to work on the Union Pacific Railroad. The majority of settlers moved away when the railroad was completed in November of that same year. Those who stayed joined others who came to form the new western town.
By 1869 Cheyenne was home to a variety of residents, including railroad gangs, soldiers from Fort D.A. Russell (which is now F.E. Warren Air Force Base), and employees From Camp Carlin, a supply camp for all the northern posts on the Indian frontier. This mostly rough population gave entrance to the type of entertainment that became associated with the 'Wild West'.
Cheyenne was a lively place with five 'variety' theaters in operation simultaneously. Every other building was a saloon. The shows had regular stages and gave what was called 'burlesque' performances with plenty of female performers.
The Union Pacific Railroad, one of the most heavily traversed railroads in the country, passed through Cheyenne, bringing some of the best shows of the times. After the opera house was erected in 1882, performers such as Lily Langtry (immortalized by Judge Roy Bean) stopped in Cheyenne on their way, to San Francisco.
Buffalo. These great animals were almost hunted to extinction during the 1800's. These animals used to roam the plains like a sea of cattle, with so many reported that it would take hours for the herd to pass by. There were millions of these creatures at one time. Now they are counted in the tens of thousands.
There were enough saved to preserve this magnificient animal, however, and they can frequently be seen in Colorado and Wyoming at wildlife preserves.
The Great Seal of the State of Wyoming was adopted by the second legislature in 1893, revised by the sixteenth legislature in 1921.
The two dates on the Great Seal, 1869 and 1890 commemorate the organization of the Territorial government and Wyoming's admission to the Union. The draped figure in the center holds a staff from which flows a banner bearing the words, 'Equal Rights,' and symbolizes the political status women have always enjoyed in Wyoming.
The male figures typify the livestock and mining industries of the state. The number 44 on the five-pointed star signifies that Wyoming was the 44th state admitted to the Union. On top of the pillars
rest lamps from which burn the Light of Knowledge. Scrolls encircling the two pillars bear the words, Oil, Mines, Livestock, and Grain, four of Wyoming's major industries.
Capital. . Cheyenne
Nickname. . Big Wyoming, Equality State, Cowboy State
Motto. . . Equal Rights'
Admitted To Union. . July 10, 1890-44th State
Size. . . 97,914 square miles, 9th largest state
Highest Point. . Gannett Peak, 13,804 feet
Lowest Point. . . 3,100 feet Belle Fourche River
Average Annual Precipitation. . 14.5 inches
Population (2000 Census). . . . 493,782
take a drive out of town towards Laramie on Happy Jack Road and go see where the deer and the antelope play along with the beautiful natural rock formations in and around the Medicine Bow National Forest.
Fondest memory: during the month of June you can go to the old town section each night at 6 PM and see the Cheyenne Gunslingers put on an oldfashion gun fight
Favorite thing: The great Scottish poet Bobbie (Robert) Burns never visited Wyoming - but a group of Scottish settlers dedicated this monument to his memory in 1928.
Favorite thing: On the grounds of the state capital is that rambunctious status of a cowboy riding a challenging steed!
Cheyenne, WY, entrance (West Linconlway Av.)
Entrando a Cheyenne, Wyoming (Av. Lincolnway Oeste)