Like Barrio Norte, Congreso is an informal “barrio” name. Congreso is actually part of the neighborhood of Balvanera. This aptly named area is the home of the Argentine National Congress, a huge government building which was completed in 1906. Opposite the Congress is Congressional Plaza, a fascinating open space which contains an original cast of the famous Rodin sculpture, The Thinker.
Nearby Mariano Moreno Plaza is where Argentina’s Kilometer Zero marker is, where all the distances in that huge country are measured from. Mariano Moreno was an influential lawyer, so people interested in legal history or government should definitely make a beeline to Congreso.
Conveniently, Avenida de Mayo runs from the National Congress straight to the Casa Rosada, or the “Pink House” which is the official residence of the President. This avenue is a perfect example of why Buenos Aries is often favorably compared with Paris; the art nouveau architecture speaks volumes about what influenced early 20th century Argentine architects.
Begun in 1898 and opened in 1906, Palacio del Congreso (Congress Palace) is the most imposing building in all of Buenos Aires. One of the main architects was Italian Victor Meano, who was also involved in designing the Teatro Colon, but he was murdered before completion of either building.
Congreso is constructed in Argentine grey granite, with a coating of white marble, built mostly in a Greek-Roman style. The imposing copper dome is illuminated at night, creating a dramatic vista point down Avenida de Mayo from Plaza de Mayo. Congreso is also the best example of the Argentine concept of taking the architectural elements of the world's most famous buildings and reinterpreting them. It resembles the U.S. Capitol.
Situated at the end of Avenida de Mayo, at the other end of which is located Casa Rosada, Argentina's parliament is bicameral. Both the upper-house Senate and the lower-house Chamber of Deputies are open for visitors. Guided tours, in Spanish or English, take place from Monday to Friday at 11am and 4pm.
In front of the building lies Plaza de Congreso (the Congress Square), a popular tourist spot and also a preffered location for protestors. It features the beautiful Monumento a los Dos Congresos (the Monument to the Two Congresses).
Located at the Plaza del Congreso is the imposing centerpiece "Monumento a los Dos Congresos". The bronze sculpture was built to commemorate the first constitutional assembly and the "Declaration of Independence".
The central figure represents the Republic on march waving a laurel branch and the two other figures represent thee assembly of 1813 and and the congress of 1816.
While I was visiting the Monument was enclosed by a metal gate and I was unable to get a closer look.
Located at one end of Plaza de Mayo and facing Casa Rosada is this ornate and imposing structure. El Congreso is a granite and marble structure that resembles the architecture of Washington, D.C.'s Congress building. The building was designed by Vittorio Meano, who also designed the Theatro Colon. El Congreso was inaugurated in 1906.
Inside the building you can find a library as well as some salons that are quite lavish. One of the more impressive of the salons is said to the "Salon Azul" (Blue Salon) which contains colossal allegorical statues and a bronze chandelier which is found under the copula. It is said that the weight of the chandeleir is approximately 4,500 lbs. The Salon Azul has also been used for presidents lying in state.
If you are intesested in viewing the interior of the building, there are guided tours on Monday, Tuesday and Fridays at 11:00 am and 4:00 pm.
Congresso is the equivelent of the Capitol in the U.S. It was actually designed after the Capitol building in D.C. The building houses the Congress and the Senatorial chamber.
It's an impressive structure and we had a nice view of it from our balcony. Liz was quick to point out that Eva Peron's body lay in state during the country's mourning of her death.
Avenida de Mayo leads from Plaza Mayo to Plaza del Congreso, the long square dominated by the Italianate Palacio del Congreso with its high, somewhat egg-shaped central dome. The building, designed by the same architect as the Teatro Colon, is the seat of the House of Deputies and the Senate. It's all very grand, as buildings of this sort usually are, but very overbearing somehow. Much more fun is the now-defunct El Molino, just across the road to the right. Closed now and looking very sad, this was once one of BA's most beautiful confiterias and a favourite meeting place of politicians.
You'll have to make do with the cafe Plaza del Carmen along the way now - not as historic maybe but they serve great coffee and the best medialunas in BA (well, that's MrL's opinion).
The plaza is often the final stopping place for political protest rallies. You're bound to find political graffiti somewhere around the plaza.
It's situated at the end of Avenida de Mayo, at the other end of which is located the Casa Rosada
It was designed by the Italian architect Vittorio Meano
In front of the building lies the Square of 2 Congresses (Plaza de los dos Congresos).
this is the place where the Diputates work and where most of the protestors go to claim what they want
I visited the Congress of the argentine nation one Monday morning and I was surprised when I first I saw the building because it looks like other famous buildings in America (yes, like the one at the States).
It was built in the beginning of the 20th century by Vittorio Meano. I took some photos of it but I skiped the guided tours of the interior.
I also liked the square in front of the building. It is the Plaza de los dos Congresos(1810&1816 that led to the independence of the country) with a monument in the centre and many tourists around it! :) There were also many homeless people around the square and some of them in an abandoned old bus
Our very first walk in Buenos Aires took us the four blocks down Av. Callao from our hotel to the Plaza del Congreso area on Av. de Mayo. The monuments in this Plaza are dedicated to the congresses held in 1810 and 1816 which eventually led to the independence of Argentina. The granite steps leading up to this statue are meant to symbolize the Andes mountains while a wading pool on the far side represents the Pacific Ocean.
We were disappointed with the state of this Plaza, the most down-trodden one that we came across in the city. The statue complex is covered in graffiti, as are the signs on the iron fence erected around it to provide some protection. This relatively small Plaza, in a crowded neighbourhood, seems to serve as the 'hang-out' for many down and out people in this part of the city, although they did not give us any problems as we walked around here at 3:30 in the afternoon.
The photo shows the Plaza del Congresso, looking down Av. de Mayo in the direction of the Presidential Palace, 16 city blocks away near the Rio de la Plata waterfront.
To my rear as I was taking this photo, was the equally rundown Palacio del Congresso, modeled on the US Capitol and completed in 1806 at over twice it's original cost estimate. It too was surrounded by an iron fence, seemingly to keep it's citizens at bay. It was a disappointing start to our explorations, but our impressions of Buenos Aires and Argentina only went up from there!
There are free English tours and Spanish tours that originate from different sides of the building unless congress is in session. I was told that when congress is in session that no regular visits are allowed except that one may be able to tour with a scheduled school visit. Since I speak Spanish and love to see sights with students, I enjoyed this way of seeing a place of historic and current events.
Plaza del Mayo and Plaza El Congreso, two important central places to feel the heart of BsAs and reachable via the Avenida del Mayo, crossing the Avenida 9de Julio. I did this track a few times, enjoying the "Paris alike" architecture, a stop at the Tortoni Café, the oldest one in BsAs, shopping in "Florida street", but most of all, Plaza El Congreso will always be reminded
by the little Café called "Lorea" located at one of the edges where you can have a splendid "Café chico" and a delicious diner (Steak Lomo).
The Palacio is situated rather far from the other tourist sights. You can reach the building either by metro, taxi or walk from the Plaza de Mayo over the Avenida de Mayo (1500 metres) and enjoy some of the beautiful buildings along this avenue and even stop at the famous Café Tortoni (on number 825).
At the end we reached the Plaza del Congreso, a square in the middle of the ‘crazy’ traffic of Bs As. The plaza has monuments as reminders to two congresses in 1810 and 1816 which led to the independence of Argentina.
Palacio del Congreso is a monumental building, completed in 1906. More than 50 years were necessary to finish the building. It has some resemblance with the Capitol in Washington.
The Congress is the seat of the Legislative Power and houses the ‘Cámara de Diputados’ and the ‘Senado’.
We were unfortunately too late for a guided tour. These visits are Mondays, Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays at 10 am, 12 pm, 4 pm and 6 pm. (Provided the House of representatives is not meeting at that moment).
Meeting point: Avenida Rivadavia 1850. For more information: www.diputados.gov.ar
With these 3 pics you will have a general overview of this rectangular square.... the first one is from the center looking at Av de Mayo, the main entrance to it...the second is the gardens that join the two ends before the building and a spectacular sculpture and the third is a lateral view of the overcrowded boulevard on the right side og the square
If you want to go on a tour of Congress, check in advance regarding the times. The first day we showed up, the guard said "manana" and wrote down 4 tours for the following day. We showed up for the 4 pm tour which should have been in English according to our guidebook but it was cancelled so we took the tour in Spanish so that we could see the interior. I wish I understood more Spanish, it seemed like the guide was giving an incredibly thorough tour of the three rooms that we visited, the Congressional Chamber, the library and one other room. We did not get to see pink Salon de Rosado or the Senate chambers that are listed in our guidebook as being open to the public, it may depend on what is going on in the building that day. One of the men on our tour got into a heated discussion with the guide about why they could only show us a picture of the Senate and not take us in. The guide won the argument :-)
Congreso is an impressive building from the outside as well, it incorporates elements from the US Capitol (the dome and wings), the Garnier Opera House in Paris (the roofline)and the topping of the four horse Triumph from the Bradenburg Gate in Berlin.
One of the main architects, incidentally, was Victor Meano who was also involved in the design of the Teatro Colon, he was murdered in a love triangle gone sour before either building was completed. You can see the resemblance of the Congressional chamber to a theater with upper floor areas that look like theater boxes and Greek columns lining the walls.
El palacio del Congreso de la Nación Argentina -sede de la Cámara de Senadores y Diputados- fue inaugurado en 1906, pero recién en 1946 quedó definitivamente terminado. Se alza en el extremo opuesto a la Casa Rosada y culminando el eje cívico de la Avenida de Mayo.
Diseñado al estilo del Alto Academicismo Italiano de fines del siglo XIX, el edificio está íntegramente revestido en piedra caliza gris, con basamento de granito.
Se realizan visitas guiadas para el público en general y turistas los días lunes, martes, miércoles y viernes a las 11 y a las 17 hs. Para solicitar visitas programadas deberán hacerse al teléfono: 4370-7532 o acercarse hasta Av. Rivadavia 1864, Piso 3º Oficina 309.
The palace of the Congress of the Argentinian Nation - head office of the Chamber of Senators and Deputies - was inaugurated in 1906, but only in 1946 it was definitively completed. It raises in the end opposite to the Pink House and reaching the civic axis of the Avenue of May.
Designed in the style of the High Italian Academicism of ends of the XIXth century, the building is totally regarment in lime gray stone, with basement of granite.
Guided visits for public in general and tourists on Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday and Friday at 11 a.m. and at 5 p.m. hs. To request programmed visits call at 4370-7532 or approach up to Av. Rivadavia 1864, 3rd Flat Office 309.