The "Les Éclaireurs" Headlight
This is one of the sights of Ushuaia, and is located on one of the many promontories that jut out into the Beagle Channel. It forms the furthermost destination of most of the boat trips that take tourists on an exploration of the Channel. The tower is painted in red and white stripes, is 11 meters tall, and is equipped with a solar energy based lighting device.
This lighthouse is claimed by Argentina to be the most southerly in the world, though Chile has one about which a similar claim is made. I don’t know which is the real “southernmost lighthouse”, nor do I care especially – perhaps they are level with each other :)
It is apparently also, though mistakenly, called the Headlight of the End of the World, the name that Julius Verne used for the San Juan de Salvamento headlight, at Isla de los Estados. Maybe that is a mistake, but the name describes it very well as it certainly has to be one of the most remote spots for a lighthouse.
Photo taken by Chris
Ushuaia - industry
Ushuaia bay and the industry
Maybe the most southern trading point in the world, anyway a gate to the east or west, but not that important anymore since the construction of the Panama Canal.
Good for the environment and the Tierra del Fuego, because TDF is really a topic whenever visiting Ushuaia
- Road Trip
Ushuaia is the departure point for ships going to Antartica.
There are Antartic expedition that do 8-11 day trips.
If you don't have to have luxury you might get on this Russian ship.
There are also last minute bookings to Antartica for as low as $1600. You have to be very flexible to luck out with one of these.
- Budget Travel
The lighthouse, Les Eclareurs, is seen on the tours from Ushuaia bay.
It.marks the entrance of Ushuaia's bay for the ships cruising the Beagle channel.
The lighthouse was build after the wrecking of the luxury cruising ship Monte Cervantes on the Ilet in 1930.
Following the old nautical tradition, the captain sank with the ship. He was the only victim among the 1200 souls on board. Today, the ship lie at the bottom of the channel 500 meters east from the islet.
- Historical Travel
Anyone interested in the history of the islands Indian inhabitants and their extinction will want to visit Estancia Harberton, 85 km east of Ushuaia. It can be reached by land or by sea.
It was established in 1887 by Thomas and Mary Bridges, the first white missionaries to settle there.
You are taken on a tour of the building and the English gardens ending at the tea shop for snacks.
- Historical Travel
Tierra del Fuego National Park
Lots of trails taking you through amazing colours that you would not expect to see at the end of the world. This is where the Andes mountains actually enter the sea to form part of the sub Antarctic forest.
It was very windy when we were there so jackets and gloves were necessary. The bleekness adds to the experience of walking around the end of the world !
To get to Tierra del Fuego National Park take National Route #3. It is located about 9 km (5.6 mi) from the city of Ushuaia, the southernmost city in the world.
- National/State Park
GYPSY COVE in the Falkland Islands is one of the 2 Coves offered to "cruisers" for penguins watching. I only saw Megallenic penguins here & the distance is not too close either.
If you are offered a choice & want to view the King penguins, I suggest you take the Lagoon Bluff Cove tour which is more expensive but more worthwhile. You'll have a very close encounter with the "Kings" on this 4W drive tour!
STANLEY is the Falkland Islands' capital. It has a population of 1989 of the Islands' total of 2913.
Stanley also has an airport which was opened by HRH Prince Andrew in 1985.
The airport is about 35 miles from Stanley.
It's the operational base for 1500 British military personnel.
Stanley has almost anything you can find in a British city except ATMs!
Tierra del Fuego National Park
Within the national park, which is about 40 mins west of Ushuaia, one can enjoy the wildlife unique to this part of the world.
Magellanic woodpeckers, foxers, dense forests of verdant beech, glaciers & mountains are said to be found here.
Be very careful though...
Claudio actually told me about a couple from Germany who was here a few years ago went hiking on their own but never did returned to their hotel! & they had never been found either. They were lost in this huge national park!
I was told to get an expert guide who's familiar with this terrain should I decide to explore the park.
The End of the World Train!
From Ushuaia, you can embark on a single journey lasting 50 mins to the Tierra Del Fuego National Park. B4 that, you've to get a taxi to the Estacion del Fin del Mundo (the End of the World station) which is about 8 km from the city center of Ushuaia. It's relatively cheap to get there. I can't remember the exact amount but it's less than US$5.
The round trip will last 1 hour 40 mins.
Southern Fueguean Railway (Ferrocarril Austral Fueguino) is the company that runs the same route as the old Convict Train did 80 years ago.
Ushuaia's history is related to the "Prison for Relapsed Felons" from year 1902 - 1947.
The Yamana Museum
A small and simple museum commemorates the Yamana people who lived in this region, and gave the town it's name. Ushuaia simply meant "bay penetrating westwards" or "bay towards the end " in Yamana native's language.
When the first Europeans arrived, they found an archipelago inhabited by about 10.000 natives who belonged to different groups: selk'nam and manek'enk (pedestrian nomad) and yamana and alakaluf (canoeist nomad). Fifty years later there were just 350 of them.
The reasons of their disappearance are probably the combination of few reasons
-the overexploitation of marine mammals, that deprived them of their main source of feeding.
-the contagion of plagues and diseases brought by white man.
-their confinement in closed communities.
-the expropriation of their lands due to the introduction of sheep.
In my opinion, it's important to visit this museum, in honor of those distinct tribes.
At the museum, they?ll stamp your passport with the ?DIN DEL MUNDO? stamp.
55.56' south and 67.19' west, Cape Horn was named after Hoorn, a small calm town of the Netherlands, not far from Amsterdam, where Willem Corneliszoon Schouten was born. He was the captain of the ship "Unitie" on which he sailed in search of an alternative passage to the Magellan's Strait and to the Cape of Good Hope, to reach the Far East.
On January 29th of the year 1616, after a long crossing together with a school of whales and many albatrosses, he discovered a high pointed promontory that he called Hoorn, later called Horn by the English. The fog that surrounded the ship deceived the whole crew: everyone thought it was the extreme southern tip of the continent and not an island as it really is.
Many vessels have rounded the cape, but many others have failed to conqueredthe sea that were unpredictably violent
This is definitely "off the beaten path" tour. The Mare Australis is a beautiful new small ship (less then 150 passengers), sailing between Ushuaia, in Argentina, and Punta Arenas in Chile, via beagle cannel, Cape horn and the Magellan straight. The round trip takes one week, but you can do the leg of Ushuaia - Punta Arenas, which takes 3 nights or vice versa, for 4 nights. The route back and forth is not exactly the same. Every day there is disembarkation from the ship to the shore, with catamarans, to places you can't reach otherwise. During the day there are lectures on board concerning the history, geography, fauna and flora, as well as a lecture about local drinks aso.
The trip is veeeery expensive, but if you can afford it, it worth every penny.
In the picture, the Mare Australis is the small ship in front of the big one behind it :-))
Stroll the small streets
If you get up early in the morning, before the city wakes up, you can enjoy a peaceful stroll, and see the variety of houses and styles.
Go through the old part of the city, watch the typical fuegian architecture with old wooden houses and steep metal sheet roofs to avoid snow accumulation. As you walk 3 or 4 blocks out of the center you find streets are not paved, and the houses are newer, with more recent architecture. It’s obvious that the city growing rapidly.
The ranch at the end of the world
Located in the extreme South of Argentina, just above the Beagle Channel, on the smooth slopes of the fields, the Harberton ranch was built in 1886 by the first non aboriginal settler of Tierra del Fuego.
If you like nature, at this place you can see more than 500 varieties of birds, other animals (including penguins) and flowers... In the nearby mountains theres a very dense vegetation, with a great variety of fern and "fueguinas" orchid by the trees.
There are historical pictures and theres a very peaceful place to have some tea with cake.
its a nice option to spend the afternoon...
- Farm Stay
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