The lighthouse, Les Eclareurs, is seen on the tours from Ushuaia bay.
It.marks the entrance of Ushuaia's bay for the ships cruising the Beagle channel.
The lighthouse was build after the wrecking of the luxury cruising ship Monte Cervantes on the Ilet in 1930.
Following the old nautical tradition, the captain sank with the ship. He was the only victim among the 1200 souls on board. Today, the ship lie at the bottom of the channel 500 meters east from the islet.
Ushuaia is the departure point for ships going to Antartica.
There are Antartic expedition that do 8-11 day trips.
If you don't have to have luxury you might get on this Russian ship.
There are also last minute bookings to Antartica for as low as $1600. You have to be very flexible to luck out with one of these.
Anyone interested in the history of the islands Indian inhabitants and their extinction will want to visit Estancia Harberton, 85 km east of Ushuaia. It can be reached by land or by sea.
It was established in 1887 by Thomas and Mary Bridges, the first white missionaries to settle there.
You are taken on a tour of the building and the English gardens ending at the tea shop for snacks.
This is one of the sights of Ushuaia, and is located on one of the many promontories that jut out into the Beagle Channel. It forms the furthermost destination of most of the boat trips that take tourists on an exploration of the Channel. The tower is painted in red and white stripes, is 11 meters tall, and is equipped with a solar energy based lighting device.
This lighthouse is claimed by Argentina to be the most southerly in the world, though Chile has one about which a similar claim is made. I don’t know which is the real “southernmost lighthouse”, nor do I care especially – perhaps they are level with each other :)
It is apparently also, though mistakenly, called the Headlight of the End of the World, the name that Julius Verne used for the San Juan de Salvamento headlight, at Isla de los Estados. Maybe that is a mistake, but the name describes it very well as it certainly has to be one of the most remote spots for a lighthouse.
Photo taken by Chris
Cape Horn is in a distance of not more than 150 km from Ushuaia. Mare Australis is one of the ships that offers landings at Cape Horn several times in the southern summer between September and April. They are doing 4 and 5-day cruises from Punto Arenas and will also stop in Ushuaia.
Cap Hoorn is the southern-most island of South America and it got its name by the dutch town of Hoorn, from where 2 ships had left in 1615 in order to find a direct way on the ocean from Europe to India.
read more about Cape Horn on my page about :
a great travelagent in Ushuaia
Located in the extreme South of Argentina, just above the Beagle Channel, on the smooth slopes of the fields, the Harberton ranch was built in 1886 by the first non aboriginal settler of Tierra del Fuego.
If you like nature, at this place you can see more than 500 varieties of birds, other animals (including penguins) and flowers... In the nearby mountains theres a very dense vegetation, with a great variety of fern and "fueguinas" orchid by the trees.
There are historical pictures and theres a very peaceful place to have some tea with cake.
its a nice option to spend the afternoon...
The Tourist-office of Ushuaia is to be found in one of the most beautiful buildings in the centre of the village. It was built inside an old blockhouse that was built in 1926 at the crossing of San-Martino-Avenue and Juana-Fadul-Street, a house beautifully painted in red and white. In 1926 this house was built as Sarmiento Popular Library and in 1996, when the library needed a larger house the building was bought by the city of Ushuaia.
The touristoffice is open :
Monday-Friday : 8.00am till 10.00pm
weekends and Holidays
from 09.00am till 08.00pm
Nuestra Señora de la Merced is the largest church in Ushuaia, founded by Salesianer-monks in 1898 and it was built by wood and sheet iron. You will find this church at the crossing of Av. San Martín und calle Don Bosco, just about 100 meters from Plaza Don Bosco or 800 meters west of the former prison. You will be able to enter the interior freely and without restrictions during the day, taking photographs is no problem at all !
Dont miss to take a closer look at this lovely old house opposite of the entrance to the old prison-museum. When you enlarge my photographs you will see that lovely scenery with a cat chasing a mouse on the roof of the building and a whale beeing used as a wind-flag on top of the chimney. According to one of the sign-posts on the building this could be a bar nowadays, but everything was locked ans closed, so I am not sure wether it is still in operation.
Isla Redonda is a small island inside the Beagle-Channel and you will see it on my main photograph in the front with the great mountain-scenery of Patagonia in the background. Our tour through the National Park had a short stop at this place, where you are able to buy postcards and are able to post your letters with the stamp of the "end of the world"
Adrien Victor Joseph de Gerlache (1866-1934) was a lieutenant in the Royal Belgian Navy and in 1898 he was sailing into Antarctica on the ship Belgica. You will see his monument opposite of the "museum of the end of the world"
Adrien de Gerlache was the first to winter-over in Antarctica (1897-1899)
In case that you plan to go to Antarctica,
the best time to do so is between November and March
here are some links for you:
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The old wooden cutter Tomasito was used in order to explore and navigate the Beagle Channel. It was taken to Ushuaia in 1913 and it had a steam-engine at that time. Nowadays just the wooden boat is left over and you will find its remains next to the entrance-gate of the Maritime-museum and former prison of Ushuaia.
You can see it there any time of the day in a place that is not restricted in any way.
Simbologia is the name of this quite strange monument, that you will find just a few steps from the former prison of Ushuaia, in the centre of a round-about and next to the entrance of the barracks of the navy. In the centre of that monument you see the face of a person, its back is made like the back of a lobster ( see my 3rd photograph). At his feet this person has 3 dolphins...
If you get up early in the morning, before the city wakes up, you can enjoy a peaceful stroll, and see the variety of houses and styles.
Go through the old part of the city, watch the typical fuegian architecture with old wooden houses and steep metal sheet roofs to avoid snow accumulation. As you walk 3 or 4 blocks out of the center you find streets are not paved, and the houses are newer, with more recent architecture. It’s obvious that the city growing rapidly.
A small and simple museum commemorates the Yamana people who lived in this region, and gave the town it's name. Ushuaia simply meant "bay penetrating westwards" or "bay towards the end " in Yamana native's language.
When the first Europeans arrived, they found an archipelago inhabited by about 10.000 natives who belonged to different groups: selk'nam and manek'enk (pedestrian nomad) and yamana and alakaluf (canoeist nomad). Fifty years later there were just 350 of them.
The reasons of their disappearance are probably the combination of few reasons
-the overexploitation of marine mammals, that deprived them of their main source of feeding.
-the contagion of plagues and diseases brought by white man.
-their confinement in closed communities.
-the expropriation of their lands due to the introduction of sheep.
In my opinion, it's important to visit this museum, in honor of those distinct tribes.
At the museum, they?ll stamp your passport with the ?DIN DEL MUNDO? stamp.