Praça Tomé de Souza, Salvador da Bahia
Tome de Souza was the first governor general of colonial Brazil. He was sent by the Portuguese King with the intention to centralize authority. Sousa was joined by some 1000 settlers, including officials, soldiers, exiled prisoners. With his entourage also arrived priests and prostitutes. Outside the house where he governed his statue today remembers the early Portuguese days of Brazil.
Praca Municipal which is officially named Praca Tome de Souza was the political seat of the colonial Brazil for more than 200 years. Now it is a place to relax or enjoy the panoramic bay view below. The main parking lot of the Upper Town can also be found here, close to the Palacio Rio Branco and the elevator exit.
Rio Branco Palace, at Municipal Square
It used to be the government palace in times of Tome de Souza, but now it's a beautiful museum. Take a peek inside and ask the hosts to let you in the verandas - you'll have the best view of the bay!
Picture borrowed from Udo Müller's site
Praça Tomé de Souza, named after the founder of the city of Salvador (a statue in the centre of the square pays homage to him), or Praça Municipal, because of the institutional monuments that surround it: the Paço Municipal, the city's seat of power, and the Palácio Rio Branco, which housed the federal executive. It is up to you which name you choose to call it by, but there is only one way to get there: the Elevador Lacerda takes you up to the square, from where you can enjoy a view over the Cidade Alta and the bay.
This square is very expansive and has some lovely touches, including a fountain, white church and capoeira dancers. Around this area lies the main tourist drag with lots of laid back cafes and bars and souvenir shops.