Kids are Kids, from where ever they are, and when they have opportunities they excell, willing to absorb and learn and making their way in life.
with not having a chance, a break, no choice can be made.
these two, from the Kainga tribe, had a chance...geting schooling, medical care, but I am not sure what has become of them
while I worked on the Missao ( Mission )Indigena...Toldo Guarita, situated close to the Town of Tenente Portela and not far from Santo Angelo...I got to know some families of the Guarani Tribe quite well. shy people, gentle and excellent guardians of the forest. the man often on the move, searching for jobs outside the reservation,to provide for their families.
living of the land that was reserved for them, their existens was under par, additional income was needed, which could only being achived with permission from the local goverment.
the Lutheran Church of Brazil made great efforts to give some help to the tribes, beside the Guarani, there where the Kaingangs=Ges, which used to live on the east coast of Rio Grande do Sul, but where also relocated into reservations.
Village setting in the lower Jungle or Selva, hart to get too, the Guarani tribe prefered living away from white settlers...but also away from help when needed
health problems where, tuberculosis, mal nutrition, cataracts and high child mortality. not to mention many accidends often quite fatal.
Fondest memory: it took quite a long time till the tribe found out I could be of help. I had a horse and it took me around 3 hours each way to get to the village...I tell you, it was worth it.
..troubles started when the king of Spain ceded to Portugal a portion of the territory where the missions were located.
The Poruguese,who wanted to take economic advantage of these zones and of the indians works,caused the so-called "Guarani wars",which concluded in 1756 with the Guaranis defeated.
The missions ended in 1767,with the expulsion of the jesuits.During that time,the last missions also emptied and the indians returned to the forests.
Today,are left the beautiful ruins of some of the missions,and the Guarani language,that is today the only native language to be the official language of a South America country:Paraguay!
The indians themselves disapeared and are today not more than 50.000 people.
The remains of the missions are one of the most interesting chapters of the colonial history,with some of the most remarkable of the 17th and 18th centuries art!
These missions reached their apogee in the first half of the 18th century,gathered about 30 missions,between 100.00 and 300.00 indians converted to Christianism.
The missions assumed almost full independence,as if they were real nations!
They were the centres of the community life!
The main buildings,like the church,college and church yard,were concentrated around a wide square.
The indians houses were faced on the other three sides of the square.
The village was also provided with a house for the widows,a hospital and various warehouses.
In the center fot he square,rose on a tall base,remained a huge cross and the patron
Saint statue,for which the mission was named.
All the jesuit mission inhabitants worked in "Tupambae",land property of the comunity and all the products which they produced were fairly divided among them.
The Guaranis were very skilled in handcrafts,sculptures,woodcarving,etc.
The missions were the first "industrial" state of South America.
Indeed,suc advanced products as watches,musical instruments,etc,were produced in the missions.
The first typography of the New World was built in the missions.The working day was about 6 hours and free time had been dedicated to music,dance,bow-shot contest and to pray.
The Guarani society was the first in history of the world to be completely literate.