Floresta da Tijuca
To escape the noise and busyness of Rio I recommend coming here. Surrounding Corcovado is the dense, tropical Tijuca Forest which is 120 sq km of jungle right on Rio's doorstep. Once part of a Brazilian nobleman's estate, it's studded with exotic trees and thick jungle vines and is ideal to take a strol around. The forest has several waterfalls, of which the 35m high Cascatinha de Taunay is the most spectacular, and trails that can take you up to several peaks the highest of which is Pico da Tijuca at 1012m.
Near the Cascatinha de Taunay waterfall, which isn't far from the entrance, there's a car park where you can take jeaps up to the top. Me, I chose to take a walk which became a 6-7km hike (the road is quite twisty as you make your way up). It was nice to take in the peace and quiet and the trees and vegetation. There are a few small lakes, a visitors centre and a couple of restaurants on the way (one of which I stopped at, had a burger and chips and a chat with a family from my home country). All-in-all a pleasant afternoons walk if a little tuff going.
FROM THE CHINESE BELVEDERE
The idea of what you see from the Chinese Belvedere(from where you have 13 scenic views..)is how it's almost theatrical to be in a rainforest in this South America metropolis-the heart of a jungle and the heart of a concrete jungle !!
As this place is the closest of a rainforest you will find in Rio,the fauna & flora is diversity too.
According to the Botanic Foundation,here there are 200 types of Bromelias,4 species of Orchids,Sagui,Spider and Golden monkeys,2 types of miniature parrots,etc..
Be on the lookout for a wide variety of butterflies and birds,and you also may be lucky to spot hummingbirds,sloths,raccoons,spiders and snakes..
Capela do Mayrink
I think it's called this but I can't be sure. Anyway, it's on the main road that takes you up the mountain in the forest.
Cascatinha de Taunay (waterfall)
The forest has several waterfalls, of which the 35m high Cascatinha de Taunay is the most spectacular. It's located near the entrance and there's a restaurant/toliets nearby.
The one what impressed more is certainly
"Cascatinha Taunay",a 30 metter waterfall,formed by the cachoeira River.