Praça Dom Pedro II
This bronze statue, in a small park near the obelisk on Rua do Imperador, was the first one in Brazil to honour Brazils last emporer Dom Pedro II. It was made by the French sculpter Jean Magrou and inaugurated in 1911. The park area was renamed after Brazil became a republic in 1889 but was changed back again after people disapproved.
Petropolis throws up many surprises such as this - having canals. I wouldn't associate Brazil with canals but Recife in northern Brazil is known as the Brazilian Venice. Petropolis also has it's fair share of them. There's one that runs along the road where the Imperial Palace is located on and one that comes off it in front of the cathedral and runs towards Praca Dom Pedro II. I suppose they were built when the Imperial Palace was built.
University and flower clock
This building is the Catholic University of Petropolis and was formerly the Palace Hotel when it was first built in the late 19th century. In front of the university lies a flower clock which was planted in honour of the 150th anniversary of the independence of Brazil.
Casa da Princesa Isabel
This house is one of the oldest in Petropolis as it was built in 1853. It was originally owned by the Baron of Pilar before being rented, in 1874, to Dom Pedro II's daughter Princesa Isabel and her husband. They then bought the house in 1876 with their first two children being born here and lived in the house until Brazil beacame a republic in 1889. It is now the headquarters of real estate in Petropolis.
Rio Negro Palacio
This palace was built in 1889 by Manoel Gomes de Carvalho (Baron of Rio Negro), just before Brazil announced it was to be a republic. In 1903, the palace was incorporated into the Federal Government as the official summer residence of the Presidents of Brazil. The following presidents used the palace: Rodrigues Alves, Afonso Pena, Nilo Pecanha, Hermes da Fonseca, Wenceslau Brás, Epitácio Pessoa, Artur Bernardes, Washington Luiz, Getúlio Vargas, Gaspar Dutra, Café Filho, Juscelino Kubitschek, João Goulart and Costa e Silva. It is now open to the public as it's not now used much by the government.
Praca da Liberdade
This charming square lies near the university (see the building in the background in the picture). When I was there the square was packed with families and kids playing around the lovely pool and fountains as it was, I think, a bank holiday because it was the Tuesday after Carnaval. The square was built in 1885 by council member Dr Manoel Bordini and it was named in 1888 after freed slaves congregated in the area - Praca da Liberdade means Square of Freedom.
Palacio de Cristal (Crystal Palace)
Constructed in 1879, the Crystal Palace is built of a metallic structure with French glass plates. The palace was constructed in one of the workshops of Saint-Saveur-les-Arras, in France, the same time the Eiffel Tower was being constructed, and is one of the examples of the Industrial Revolution influencing architectural styles. The building was shipped to Brazil and pieced together by Brazilian engineer Bonjean. The palace was funded by Princess Isabel and her husband who on April 1st 1888 delivered 103 slaves Letters of Emancipation in a ceremony inside the Crystal Palace.
Santos Dumont house
This house was built in 1918 by Eduardo Pederneiras for the famous aviation inventor Alberto Santos-Dumont (1873-1932). Even though the Wright brothers were the first to fly a plane, Santos-Dumont was the first to demonstrate an airplane to the public in Paris in 1906. He is therefore known to the Brazilians as the "Father of Aviation" and his name can be found in public places all over Brazil. There's an airport named after him in Rio de janeiro. He purchased this house after returning to Brazil in 1928 and it is open to the public as a museum.
Houses on Av. Ipiranga
There's some nice large houses on Av. Ipiranga which runs along the left hand-side of the cathedral. This house is next to the Igreja Evangelica de Confissao Luterana Brasileira, the oldest religious building in Petropolis.
Igreja Evangelica de Confissao Luterana Brasileira
This church is located on the road that runs up the side of the cathedral - Av Ipiranga. It is actually the oldest religious building in Petropolis having been built in 1862 after being realisied by Pastor George Gottlob Stroele and was funded by German colonists. The bell tower was added later, in 1895.
Inside the Catedral Sao Pedro de Alcantara is the tomb of Brazils last emporer Dom Pedro II (1825-1891). His name in full was Pedro de Alcantara Joao Carlos Leopoldo Salvador Bibiano Francisco Xavier de Paula Leocadio Miguel Gabriel Rafael Gonzaga de Braganca, By the Grace of God and Unanimous Acclamation of the People, Constitutional Emperor and Perpetual Defender of Brazil. Located within his tomb are the remains of his wife Princess Teresa (1822-1889) who he married in 1843. After a military coup in 1889, the imperial family went in exile to France which is where Dom Pedro and Princess Teresa died. Their remains were brought back to Brazil in 1922, and were reburied here, in 1939. The other two tombs are that of their daugther Isabella (1846-1921) and, I think, her husband Louis Philippe Marie Ferdinand Gaston, Prince d'Orleans, comte d'Eu.
Catedral de Sao Pedro de Alcantara
The cathedral was built between 1876 and 1884 in the French Gothic style of the 18th century. The cathedral is named after Dom Pedro II whose tomb is housed inside along with his wife Teresa Cristina and their daughter Isabella with (I think) her husband Louis Philippe Marie Ferdinand Gaston, comte d'Eu.
This palace (Yellow Palace in English), which is located opposite the Imperial Palace, was built in 1850 and was the residence of the council member Jose Carlos Mayrink da Silva Ferrao before being bought by the Baron of Guaraciaba in 1891. Later, in 1897, it started to be property of the city, and is currently the headquarters of the City council. The eagle in the square was built around the same time and is the emblem of Petropolis.
The Imperial Palace was built between 1845 and 1864 as a summer palace for Dom Pedro II and now houses the Imperial Museum. The building is of a fairly simple neo-classical design espeically considering that it was used as a summer retreat by the Portuguese royal family. The palace revolves around a two-storey central building whose facade features a terraced porch which is the museums entrance. The rest of the palace is a single storey floor that runs runs from both sides of the central building.
Dom Pedro II spent his summers here from 1848 until his death in 1891 with the exception of the years between 1865-89 as Brazil was at war with Paraguay. After his death, the palace was rented out to the Colegio Notre Dame de Sion (1892-1908) and to the Colegio Sao Vicente de Paula (1909-1940). The palace was then turned into the museum it is today on March 16th 1943.
THE PALACIO DE CRISTAL
Constructed in 1879, the Crystal Palace is formed by a metallic structure and French glass plates. There is a central, square "building", connected to two other rectangular ones, and there are also two half-circle rooms adjoining the main building. It was premolded in one of the shops in Saint-Saveur-les-Arras, France, in the same period during which the Eifell Tower was being constructed, and it is one of the fine examples of the influence played by the Industrial Revolution over the architectural styles. The whole building was put together by the Brazilian engineer Bonjean. .
The construction of the Crystal Palace was proposed by Count D'Eu, and funded by Princess Isabel, who later, on April 1st, 1888, handed out letters freeing 103 slaves, in a ceremony which happened in Crystal Palace.
Today it is a pleasant park very close to the city centre, and a great place to rest and watch nice musical events held very often in Petropolis!
Last 03rd of August I brought some nice friends from Paraná State to see one of my favourite cities in the State of Rio. My friends are from Londrina!;)
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