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National History Museum
In an harmonious architectural complex this museum was established in 1922 during the Epitácio Pessoa Government. Covering an area of 18.000m², the National History Museum is housed in three separate buildings constructed at different times: the Casa do Trem (1762); the Royal Arsenal (1822); and the Barracks Annex (1835). Once set right on the seafront, it was originally planned as a strategic factor in the defense of the city. Today it is home to a priceless cultural treasure trove.
Tuesdays thru Fridays: from 10am to 5:30 pm
Closed on Mondays
Saturday, Sunday and Holidays: from 2pm to 6 pm
- Museum Visits
National History Museum ( MHN )
(Museu Historico Nacional-MHN)Date: 1734 Built to accommodate the Train House, a gunpowder factory. It underwent restoration in neocolonial style in 1922 by architect Archimedes Memoria to house one of the pavilions of the International Exhibition to Commemorate the Centenary of the Independence of Brazil. The museum has an interesting historical permanent collection.
In an harmonious architectural complex this museum was established in 1922 during the Epitacio Pessoa Government. Covering an area of 18.000m2, the National History Museum is housed in three separate buildings constructed at different times: the Casa do Trem (1762); the Royal Arsenal (1822); and the Barracks Annex (1835). Once set right on the seafront, it was originally planned as a strategic factor in the defense of the city. Today it is home to a priceless cultural treasure trove.
Open: Tues - Fri, 10 am - 5:30 p
Sat and Sun, 2 pm - 6 pm
- Museum Visits
The Museo Historico Nacional
The Museo Historico Nacional (or Museum of National History) is probably the best place to get a good overview of the 500 year history of Brazil. It is held in a formidable building that was once an arsenal and then a military prison for slaves.
The museum takes you on a chronological tour through Brazil's starting with the first visit by Europeans and works its way to the end of the 19th century. There is a treasure trove of valuable artifacts housed here, from ornate coaches, crowns and jewels. There are also displays on the development of the Brazilian economy and the role slaves played in it. Importantly there are also displays on the emancipation of the slaves.
I had a rather mixed opinion of the musuem. I thought that it was all very well presented but I think what troubled me said more about me than the museum itself. I just did not find Brazilian history all that compelling. Being a very well person at the time of this visitation, I just thought that it compared weakly against some of the other musuems of national history that I have visited. I suppose I was jaded by the time of my visit. This does not mean you should not go. In fact if you are going to visit more of Brazil than just Rio de Janeiro, then I would highly recommend it as it will give you a fine insight into the countries history providing you have not adequately read up on it.
The Museo Historico Nacional cost R$6 to visit.
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