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The National Library, the largest in Latin America, is located across the road from the Municipal Theatre in Cinelandia, downtown Rio. It was founded by Dom Joao VI in 1810 with it initially housing a collection originating from the Royal Library of Lisbon. It was built in 1905 by General Francisco Souza Aguiar and holds the most valuable bibliographic collection in Brazil including a Bible dating back to 1462 by the Gutenberg followers and Empress Teresa Cristina's book collection which was donated by Emperor Dom Pedro II.
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CULTURE IN RIO
The National Library...right in the heart of the finantial centre of Rio, you can find gorgeous buildings with can give you lots of culture and information. The National Library is the most complete one in Brazil and one of the top ten in the world. The building was constructed in 1905. You really must go there, there are guided visits and you will see how easy is the access to global information for all citizens for free!
September 4th, 2005
Close to the theather is the National Library and the National Museum of Fine Arts.
The archives of the National Library were brought from Portugal by Dom Joao VI,in 1808,when he left Lisbon,taking refugee in Brazil,and started to constitute a public library
in 1814,becoming a patrimony of Brazil after its independence from Portugal in 1822.
In 1910,the library started to occupy the building where it's located today,projected and specially constructed for this purpose by Marcelino De Sousa Aguiar.
There are more than 8.000.000 works in the library and some amazing rarities as the first edition of the famous Lusiadas,by Camoes,the first editions of Mozart's scores,the originals Carlos Gomes scores(a famous Brazilian composer),2 15th century bibles,New Testaments from the 11th and 12th centuries and others.
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