In Chile the standard tip in a restaurant is 10% which is sometimes added onto the bill but more often than not you need to leave behind on the table. If paying by credit card you can ask to add the tip to the bill and indicate the standard 10%.
Do not tip taxis.
If you drive a car in Chile, in particular Santiago then there are places where you can park for free but there may be a man or woman "helping" you to park. This person works for tips. They can wash your car while you are away usually also. The tip you pay them should be anything from 200 pesos or more depending on the length of time you stay. I usually pay around 500 pesos.
In supermarkets the people who pack your bags only work for tips. They are not paid by the supermarket. Depending on the amount of groceries you could tip anything from 50 cents up to around 500 pesos. The 10% rule is not hard and fast here, just whatever loose change you have.
Most vineyards date from Columbus's second voyage to South America,when vine production and its use was more of a religious necessity than a form of cultural enjoyment.The first vineyards were planted in Mexico,and soon later,whole areas of land were set aside for wine production in Peru,and latterly in Chile.After reaching Santiago,Chile's capital,the vineyards "crossed"the Andes and were established in the Mendoza region of Argentina.The first grapes were called criolla or pais.It was not until the late 19th century that the viniculture industry was developed for foreign markets.
The first vines were planted near Santiago.Chile in the mid-sixteenth century,where today most vineyards can still be found.Chile's light and fertile soils make for ideal wine growing conditions and in addition,the vineyards are sheltered by the natural barriers of the Atacama desert.Patagonia,The Pasific Ocean and the Andes.They have defented Chilean vineyards from the pets and plagues that devastated many an European vineyards,such as the dreaded Phylioxera disease.By the mid-19th century,European grapes varieties were being planted,athough most wine production was still destined for home markets.By the mid-20th century a different story emerges.Spanish and French viticulturist began to exploit the excellent natural conditions of the area;vineyards were modernised and the best wines exported.Today,the most famous Chilean wines are made from grapes such as Cabernet Sauvignon,Merlot,Chardonnay and Sauvignon Blanc.
Defining South American cuisine is something of a challenge.This vast continent displays diverse geographical and climatic characteristics that have helped shape its rich and varied cuisine.Yet a number of common elements or native ingreditents are present amongst it diverse foods;potatoes,maize,chilles,and beans have all been used for centuries around the continent,mainstays that are slowly gaining greater international recognition.
One of the elements that define South America's culinary characteristics is the historical interrelation between European and South American cuisine,a marriage that,from a gastronomic viewpoint,benefited both peoples learnt new cooking techniques whilst the Europeans began to understand the versality of native ingreditents,such as the potato,tomato..Chilean cuisine is simple and popular,and although it perhaps lacks in sophistication,it is extremely tasty and nutritious.
Despite the influence of European colonialism,much of native South American cuisine remains a mystery to many of today's gastronomes.South American cuisine is about not only the great Argentine meats,or the potatoes and maize that are widespread in the rest of the continent.It is also about the rich African influence in Brazilian and Colombian cookery,and Peru and Chile's delectable shellfish,amongst others.
Chile has its own distinct cuisine,thanks to its abundant cold coastal waters that produce fish and shellfish of remarkable quality.Other Chilean specialities are parriladas,grilled steak,lomo a lo pobre,an enormous steak topped with fried eggs,and pastel de choclo,maize pie with meat,vegetables and egg stuffing..
The Mapuche are the largest indigenous group remaining in Chile.The exact size of the population is unknown,but it is estimated that it numbers roughly a million,distributed in two district areas;one,those that live in rural and urban areas between the eighth and tenth regions,the largest number being in the ninth region;and those -growing in number-who live almost exclusively in Santiago,the capital of the country.In addition there is a significant group of around seventy thousand Mapuche living in the south of Argentina.
Here is Plaza Victoria,a traditional Mapuche group was trying to show of their ancient dance figures..
Traditional Mapuche Marriage and today..
In the traditional marriage,the man would elope with the woman of his choice.Then with the help of his relatives,both male and female,all would help the new wife settle into her new family.To formalise the union,the groom and his relatives had to make a payment,usually of animals and other goods,to the bride's father.
In the traditional Mapuche family,it was normal for a man who could afford it to have two or more wives,very often sisters.
Today people still talk about the stealing of a bride and payment of the brideprice.These still take place to date,but more a a custom by agreement between the young couple and their families.
Despite the prohibition of the practice by the Christian religion and the Chilean Laws,a few polygamic marriages still exist,especially among older people.
Traditional custom established that a man should look for a wife preferably among the daughters of his mother's brothers or sisters,while marriage with a cousin on the father's side was forbidden.This prohibition is still effect,although the prescription of marriage to a cousin or cousins on the mother's side is declining.
COLA DE MONO.
Ingredients:water,milk,vanilla,cloves,coffe and aguardiente.you think that it is a baby drink:)JAJAJAJA...
keep in refrigerator and serve very cold..
WOW.an other traditional Chilean drink..sweet,tasty..I had different typs of cola de mono..home made and ready for serve..
But,if you'll have toooooooooooo much,you'll understand that what is it the mean of "Cola de Mono."You'll dancing and acting look like a MONKEYYYYYYYYYYY:) and you'll try to catch your tail:) It is Cola de Mono...
Salud Don Pedro Ruben:)
An other true color of Valparaiso..Graffiti..I saw alot of good samples but i couldn't have any time and chance to get pictures..
The first well known example of graffiti art(modern) in the ancient city of Ephesus(in Turkey)..
WOW..It was the most memorable the new year celebration of my entire live..never forget..I was there...just amazing..I was there...
Angel tomato made all connection and I just been there..gracias Matty..
We went to Francisco"s friend house and the house has a great city view and we waited till 31.12.2007 12:00pm,and 01.01.2008 00.00.01am .. fire works show started over the port and Don Pedro Ruben opened a bottle of DOM PERIGNON champagne,and SALUD to 2008.. GOD bless you all..
Fire works continued 1/2 hour..
Meanwhile,I have a reservation for 31.12.2008:)
And party time...dance..wine..cola de mono...dance..wine...dance..cola de mono....
Soft,juicy Merlot and Cabarnet are what Chile is best known for in red(negro) wine,and toasty,tropically fruited Chardonnay and crips,tangy Sauvignon Blanc in whites.All sorts of other grapes varieties are popping up;Syrah,Pinot noir,Carignan,Zinfandel and others for red..Riesling,semillion,Chenin Blanc and other for whites....
This is a country on the fast track to stardom.Chile has the good fortune to possess vast vineyards,free of disease,blessed with endless sunshine due to the shadow of the Andes..
Casaplanca the most important valley..
Pls try these.. Cono Sur,Errazuriz,Vina Casablanca..Carmen(native Cabarnet Sauvignon),Montes(Syrah),Veramonte(S.Blanc),Torres(C.Sauvignon)....
They are one of the most beautiful places in the city, Valparaiso with 46 hills is famous for the wonderful view to the port. In this places u can find old houses with german style, now many of they are changed from residential houses to restaurants, hostels, hostal, hotels. Back there after couple years i can see the nice and interesting new art and moder culture. Mix between past and present. Very recomend place to visit and enjoy shopping from post card till nice paint.
A principios del siglo XX se construyeron quince ascensores para comunicar la parte baja de Valparaiso con sus cerros . Hoy siguen funcionando y además de hacer su función son piezas de museo y parte de la historia de Valparaiso
El peral , Espíritu Santo , Artillería , Mariposas , Lecheros , Monjas..., son nombres de los ascensores
Early on the XX century 15 lifts were built to communicate the lower part of Valparaiso with their hills. Nowadays they keep on working and besides of making their job they are
museum masterpieces and part of Valparaiso story
El peral , Espíritu Santo , Artillería , Mariposas , Lecheros , Monjas..., are lift names
There are a couple of museums in Valparaiso, but we got to see some authentic art work at the Café Mirador. The owner is an artist and you can admire his paintings and woodcarvings right there in his café. And he will be proud to show you around a little and give you first hand explainations!
Pablo Neruda (1904-1973) was the son of a railway employee and a mother he lost shortly after his birth. As a young boy he got to know the poet Gabriela Mistral, who encouraged him. He was about 13 when he published his first poem. In 1920 he began to write under the pen name Pablo Neruda (his real name was Neftalí Ricardo Reyes Basoalto). Neruda studied at the University of Chile in Santiago. Between 1927 and 1935 he employed by the Chilean Foreign Service, which took him to Burma, Ceylon, Java, Singapore, Buenos Aires, Barcelona, Madrid, and later to France in the Spanish Civil War. In 1937 he returned to his native country, but in 1939 he was appointed consul in Paris, and, shortly afterwards, in Mexico. In 1943 Neruda returned to Chile, and in 1945 he was elected senator of the Republic, also joining the Communist Party of Chile. Because of his protests against the government he had to live underground in his own country for two years until he managed to leave the country in 1949. He returned home in 1952. In 1971 this great poet won the Nobel Prize for Literature. He died in 1973. His first published book: Crepusculario (1923). The following year saw the publication of Veinte poemas de amor y una cancion desesperada, one of his best known and most translated works. Residencia en la tierra (1933). Collection of poems: España en el Corazón (1937). Canto General de Chile (1939). Las Uvas y el Viento (1954). Among his works of the last few years can be mentioned Cien sonetos de amor (1959), Memorial de Isla Negra, a poetic work of an autobiographic character in five volumes, published on the occasion of his sixtieth birthday, Arte de pajáros (1966), La Barcarola (1967), the play Fulgor y muerte de Joaquín Murieta (1967), Las manos del día (1968), Fin del mundo (1969), Las piedras del cielo (1970), and La espada encendida. - Pablo Neruda maintained a house on the Pacific coast near Valparaíso called Isla Negra. The Isla Negra house has been turned into a permanent museum dedicated to the poet.
The film Il Postino (1994) is a small gem from director Michael Radford (starring Philippe Noiret, Massimo Troisi, Mara Grazia Cucinotta, Linda Moretti). Here is a rough summary of the story: Pablo Neruda lives in exile on a small Italian island. Because of the huge increase in mail that this causes a poor fisherman is hired as an extra postman. Il Postino is to hand-deliver the mail to Neruda. This poorly educated man learns to love poetry and eventually befriends Neruda. Then he suddenly falls in love and needs Neruda's help and guidance more than ever ...