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C.) Diplomatic Solution and Legacy
The TREATY OF ANCON (Oct. 1883) restored peace between Peru and Chile; Peru ceded the Tarapaca province, while Chile remained in control of Tacna and Arica, where the population was to decide on the future of their territory in a plebiscite 10 years later.
The TREATY OF VALPARAISO (Apr. 1884) restored peace between Chile and Bolivia; the latter had to cede its Atacama province to Chile.
Chile returned Tacna to Peru in 1929; Arica is still Chilean. In the Pacific war, Bolivia lost its only access to the coast. In 1928-35 Bolivia would fight the CHACO WAR against Paraguay in the vain hope to get access to a stretch on the bank of the navigable Parana River, so that it would get access to Atlantic navigation. The question of access to the sea is still a goal of Bolivian policy.
Peru still requests the return of the Huascar by Chile, held by the Chilean Naval Museum at Talcahuano
Written Jan 22, 2003
The Pacific War of 1879-1884
also referred to as the Chile-Peruvian War and as the Ten Cents War
A.) The Diplomatic Situation Preceding the War
The nitrate deposits in Bolivia's Atacama province - a sparsely populated desert province - were exploited by Chilean companies. In Feb. 1879 Bolivian President Hilarion Daza rescinded these contracts; Chile responded by occupying the port of Antofagasta. War was declared soon after. Chile requested Peru to declare neutrality; Peru, which had signed an alliance treaty with Bolivia in 1873, refused to do so, and Chile also declared war on Peru on April 2nd 1879.
B.) The Military Cource of Events
By the end of 1879, Chile was in control of Bolivia's Atacama province and the Peruvian province of Tarapaca. The Peruvian navy was victorious in the BATTLE OF IQUIQUE (May 21st 1879). The presidents of Peru and Bolivia being deposed, 12,000 Chilean troops took TACNA and ARICA in 1880. Then Chilean troops invaded central Peru, gained victories at Chorillos and Miraflores (Jan. 1881) and marched into Lima. With the strongest Peruvian ship HUASCAR taken during the BATTLE OF ANGAMOS in 1879, the Chileans dominated the sea as well.
Bolivian control over the Atacama region had been fictitious, as Chileans were the dominating population element; Bolivian troops hardly fought in the war. The Chilean occupying forces, however, had to face guerilla actions throughout the war.
Written Jan 22, 2003
Address: in the harbour
A great fish, shells and meat dish, typical in the deep south of Chile, we got it in Concepción/Talcahuano. DELICIOUS!!!!
A bit of everything!
Favorite Dish: CURANTO!!!!!!!!!
Updated Feb 18, 2003
When you go visit the famous HUASCAR battleship anchored offshore, kindly beware that late buses out of Talcahuano may not get you back to Concepción, and it's said to be not very safe at night there. I was there with my girlfriend, a local, and she said that the neighbourhood above the lonely bus stand we waited at was very dangerous at night, with muggings very common. We ended up waiting onboard a bus which was parked there for it's break, rather than stand outside exposed. Otherwise we were sitting ducks.
This isn't intended to slam Talcahuano or Chile, it's just what I was told by someone who lives there! Just be aware of your surroundings, and listen to local knowledge. Concepción itself is relatively safe, though in fact my gf's mother just had her purse cut from her and stolen, so...
Written Oct 5, 2007
Favorite thing: here ended my b/w film and I went on with a dia positive film...just took the ships again because I wasn´t sure if the last picture was ok.... They have also ships in the harbour that are not more than half under water....
Updated Feb 18, 2003
Favorite thing: Talcahuano seemed to me the old part of Concepción. Meanwhile Concepción is a modern city with a lot of higher buildings, the little port ´s got something romantic still.
Fondest memory: My fondest memory was the amazing meal I´ve got there. It´s been a tipical meal from the south of Chile, around the lakes. We´ve got a plate of fishsoap with a lot of different kind of meet and fishes and cancers etc.
Too much proteines..:-), really delicious!!
Updated Nov 22, 2002