The most common public transportation in southamerica is the bus to connect cities and countries. Inside the towns smaller busses (called micro or combi in Peru or micro and trufis in Bolivia) are common next to taxis. Big cities are surely crowded with private cars as well. In Chile, Peru and Bolivia the train is almost 100% replaced by the big bus enterprices.
Away from the big cities it´s also very common to use a truck for public transport as there are also smaller busses (micros) as in the picture for farer transports.
But in general the long distance busses in all of these three mentioned countries are quite modern, furnished with television and sometimes toilet as well.
Many brazilian backpackers in 70's took this train from Brasil to go to Peru via Bolivia and it was the radical experience at the time.
Things have changed a lot and now you take only 18hs to go from Quijarro ( bolivian city next to Corumbá in Brasil ) to Santa Cruz de la Sierra in Bolivia and the trip have become more comfortable and safe.
It runs daily:
19hs on Mon, Wed, Fri, Sun
15hs on Tue, Thu, Sat
It costs US$25 on Super Pullman, US$20 on Pulmann and US$3 on second class.
Be aware of Caracas. I would not recommend overniting there. We overnited in Miami. the biggest mystery about MI is leaving the country and what departure tax one will be charged. It is still a mystery to me!!! I have since learned that one can catch a plane to Aruba or other neighboring islands, thus avoiding Caracas all together.
Rent a car!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
It is easy to get to Paraguay,if you fly. Most major airlines fly into Asuncion.
Driving in Paraguay can be somewhat dangerous, at night especially. In the rurual districts livestock is often on the road along with oxcarts etc. The average Paraguarian driver has little training to get license, Best to hire a car with driver guide, which is not to expensive. Passenger boats from Asuncion go up the Rio Paraguay river to ports up river
There are Taxis in Asuncion and a good bus service. Try the old wood-burning train, cheap slow and fun .Take a ride.
I find any recognised airline should do the trick. I wouldn't recommend a carrier pigeon unless you are only taking hand luggage.
I travelled across the Andes in my motorised buggy, not disimilar to the pope mobile it must be said, and I was accompanied by my guinea pig Degsy.
In South America you can make all the way by bus.
The average cost is U$S 0,05 per kilometer, but depending on the country and on the city it can fluctuate.
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