The monument for General Jose Gervasio Artigas is in the centre of Plaza Independencia. General Artigas was born in Montevideo in 1764 and he is considdered the "father" of Uruquai's movement for independance. Artigas died in exile in Paraguay in 1850. You can step below this monument and will get to the mausoleum with the ashes of the General, a guard in a colorful uniform is guarding it all the time.
The old government house on the south side and Radisson Hotel on the north frame the square’s main feature, a 17 meter high equestrian statue of Uruguay’s version of San Martin, Jose Gervasio Artigas. Below ground, a 24-hour guard watches over Artigas’ remains. Artigas had been a soldier of the colonial guard, which watched over the western Uruguayan borders protecting from the odd Indian or Portugese. With the rebellion of 25 May 1810 in BsAs, similar sentiments came over to this side of the river. In 1811, Artigas was commissioned in the patriot army, in BsAs, and returned to lead the fight in the Banda Oriental, slowly moving on the royalist center here in Montevideo. Artigas became a very popular figure much to the dismay of the Unitarians in BsAs. After several twists and turns, Artigas – with help from BsAs – captured Montevideo in 1814. He had always hoped for a confederation of equal provinces and became a leading voice for Federalism. The Unitarian launched a couple of forays across the river at him, which he defeated, and he proclaimed Uruguay, Entre Rios, Corrientes and Santa Fe to be the League of Free Peoples of the Littoral with himself as Protector. Not a dictator in the true sense of the word, he preferred to work through local cabildos. He is best known for his attempts to break up large haciendas to give unused lands to some of his humble followers, but what really scared the porteno Unitarians was his naïve belief that government by the people should include everyone – even the lower classes and Indians. The people in BsAs were only to glad to see the Portugese invade Uruguay in 1816, watching as Artigas finally fled Uruguay in 1820 living the last 30 years of his life in a Paraguayan exile.
Plaza Independencia is the centre of Montevideo in many ways : first of all you will see there the only remains of the former citadel, the monument of General Gervasio Artigas, who is considered the father of Uruguay's independance - movement, there is Casa de Gobierno and there is Palcio Salvo, the giant house that used to be South Americas tallest building for a long time and just a few steps from the square there is Solis Theatre.
And besides of all this Plaza Independencia is a great place to relax, spend some time on shady benches under the palmtrees....
Puerta de la Ciudadela is the only gate of the original citadel of Montevideo that was left over. That citadel had been buit in 1746 and Puerta de la Ciudadela is now at the eastern side of Plaza Independencia, just about 50 meters from the monument for General Jose Gervasio Artigas .
Casa de Gobierno is one of the smaller buildings of Plaza Independencia when you compare it with the modern, giant skyscapers there. Casa de Goierno was built in 1873,it is the building for the government of Uruguay.
The city's greatest square is Independence Square. In its center you will find a statue to the 'father' of Uruguay, General Gervasio Artigas, who founded the independence movement of the 19th century. The General's ashes are contained at the base of the statue.-
The main avenue of the city, 18 de Julio, starts from the square, toward west.-
Plaza Independencia is the main square; it is the limit between Ciudad Vieja (Old City) and downtown. The square is decorated with palm-trees and fountains; an equestrian statue of our national hero, José Artigas, is situated at the middle of the square; behind and beneath it, it is the Mausoleo, where is an urn with Artiga's rests.
Plaza Independencia es la plaza principal; está situada en el límite entre la Ciudad Vieja y el Centro. La plaza está decorada con palmeras y fuentes; una estatua ecuestre de nuestro héroe nacional, José Artigas, está ubicada en el medio de la plaza; por detrás y debajo de la misma, se encuentra el Mausoleo, en donde se preserva la urna con los restos de Artigas.
The always busy Plaza Independencia is the heart of Montevideo and contains a number of important buildings as well as an impressive statue of Uruguayan hero Jose Artigas. Our hostel was on one corner of the square and we had a balcony overlooking it giving us a great view.
Artigas is buried under the square and you can visit his mausoleum taking the steps down the sides of the statue.
The building in the south-east corner, Palacio Salvo, was once the tallest in South America and it still dominates the square today.
Also look out for the city's main theater, Teatro Solis, and Puerta de la Ciudadela, the atmospheric old ruins of a gateway which marks the entrance to the old town.
Originally the site of a Spanish citadel, Independence Square marks the beginning of the Old City, and it's a good point from which to begin your tour of Montevideo. Only one gate to the old fortress remains on the Plaza. An enormous statue of Gen. José Gervasio Artigas, father of Uruguay and hero of its independence movement, stands in the center. His ashes are displayed in a mausoleum underground beneath the monument. It's a severe, modern structure with eerie lighting reminiscent of a horror movie. A changing-of-the-guards ceremony takes place every few hours. You'd be lucky to catch it.
José Gervasio Artigas is Uruguay's national hero. He was born in Montevideo and although he lived and fought in several South American countries, he is known as the Father of Uruguayan Independence. From 1806 to 1807 he took part in the resistance to the British invasion of Buenos Aires. From 1811 he resisted the Spanish invasion of Uruguay until, totally outnumbered by the colonial forces, he withdrew to Paraguay in 1820, where he died thirty years later. His ashes are kept in an urn which is on display inside an impressive underground mausoleum, watched over by an honour guard.
It is open to the public from 9am to 5pm and admission is free.
The Plaza Independencia marks the beginning of the Old City and was originally the site of a Spanish citadel featuring a huge statue of General José Gervasio Artigas who is the hero of the country’s independent movement. His ashes are located in a mausoleum under the monument.
Uruguay's military hero, Jose Artigas, is buried beneath the main square, Plaza Independencia, where you can visit his mausoleum. Two guards stand on either side of an urn, while each of the surrounding walls contains some information about significant moments in his life, printed in huge letters.
Above the mausoleum, in the middle of the square is a huge statue, weighting over 30 tonnes, of Artigas. Artigas led the fight first against the Spanish and later against the Brazilians in order to secure Uruguayan independence in 1828.
Instead of taking the city tour we opted to explore on our own thisis an easy city to walk about ,taxis are cheap and plentifulif you venture too far.
Our first stop was the famous Plaza independence. this is popular with locals and tourists. It features a monument in the center as atribute to the great heroes from
Like most of the Plazas in South America, there are benches to sit on, and day and night couples stroll through drinking their Mate. In the center, is the tomb of General Artigas, the "father" of Uruguay. The statue in the picture sits at the top of the stairs leading down to the tomb.
The statue of Uruguay's national hero, General José Gervasio Artigas, mounted on a horse, dominates Plaza Independencia. The horse is significant as it is said that Artigas, as he was dying, asked for a horse and died as a gaucho.
Beneath the statue is his mausoleum. There are many other statues of Artigas, the Father of Uruguayan Independence, in Uruguay itself and around the world, including one in Washington D.C., but the one in Plaza Independencia is the most famous of them all.