Airport / Arrival, Caracas
There are several flight s to Bogotá and you always get an option to leave Caracas in the morning, afternoon or evening. My suggestion would be leave Caracas early in the morning and spend the rest of the day in the comparative safer city, Bogotá.
My ticket showed a flight from Caracas to Bogotá (Colombia) what in reality I found departing 25 min. earlier (same flight number!). I found myself clever always coming to airport early enough! So, be careful about Venezuelan flight schedule!
In most South American countries (particularly the smaller ones), departure tax has become a norm and often paid in cash. Though my travel agent specified about tax in Cuba airport must be paid in cash, I had to find out that it was also the case in Colombia, Ecuador and Bolivia. Venezuela was a nice surprise since the tax was paid with my ticket! Otherwise paying 45 USD in cash while on travel might have been a big deal.
But when I took a cab to the airport, I paid 17 USD! How? I asked my hotel receptionist to get me a taxi at a good price the night before. He called his friend and asked me to pay 17 USD. I often did it in my travel around south America and in most cases I paid much less (I could feel it!). And getting a cab through the hotel has always seemed to me much safer than waving one. The guy spoke very good English and I could learn a lot about Venezuela.
There was no agency I could see in the airport where I could find a fare deal of transport. No one around speaks English in the airport. After changing the money when I was out an air-conditioned large cab I had negotiate for 25 USD. I should have better paid in local currencies since USD is officially a undervalued currency in this country!
There are buses, collectivos (kinda microbuses that run like buses. Smaller and crowded, not a travelling option) but as the guidebook advises you and so does VTer Kelly, you just take registered taxi in this apparently most insecure capital city in South America. Allow at least 40 min. for the taxi ride between the airport and the city.
You dont have to give a tip to the taxi driver who is taking you to Caracas. In the fare everything is included.
Same thing when you take a taxi to move around in the city. No need to tip the driver.
The few ocations I've given them a tip is, for example, if we get stucked in a traffic jam, it takes hours to get where Im going, and the taxi driver has been extremely well educated and pacient. Always I give him more money. At least 25% of what the fare was.
Although, tips ("to improve promptness") are always welcome... Specially for by the taxi drivers that bring you and take you to the airport with your luggage.
Getting from the airport to town is a breeze with a good bus service running regularly throughout the day until the last plane flies in. This service costs just Bs2,000 and the bus will drop you within easy walking distance from a metro station (Bellas Artes) not far from the Sheraton Hotel. A one way on the metro within zone 1 costs just Bs260.
We took a taxi to and from the airport and it proved to be one of the scariest moments I have had on a road. Many of the taxi's in Caracas are in poor condition and most of the drivers don't seem to notice or care about the lines in the road, they drive wherever they want.
Caracas Airport, not only a hub for international flights...
... but also for flights to and from Isla Margherita and the Amazon Forest.
Either you take the plane, from caracas ´there are many daily flights, or the ferry boat from Puerto de la Cruz takes you a few hours!
public bus system is quite good - or you can rent a car!