Life here is marked by implacable drought, which lasts from 4 to 6 months, and by rains which flood large extensions of terrain. The landscape is crossed by many rivers, streams, patches of "Moriche" palm forests and lagoons, as well as immense savannas which the eyes can not take in all at once. The source of many streams of water are from springs in the park, which flow into the Guariquito river and finally into the Orinoco river.
It belongs, both geographically and ecologically, to the plains region. It has a uniform relief, almost without elevations, with abundant sandbanks, lowlands and marshes. In the main rivers, small terraces can be observed.
The thermal baths of San Juan are famous for its healing power, which had to the high sulphate that its waters possess. So great is its effectiveness, recognized for a long time, that at the time of Guzman Blanco as President of Venezuela, constructed the first road of the city, so that it could arrive at the source tutrix, as recommendation of its doctor of family.
Another piece of workmanship that can be seen in this city is the monument of John Baptist, placed in the Square Bolivar de San Juan de Los Mounts. Normally called "sanjuanote", it was ordered to construct for General Juan Vicente Gomes, in 1933, as a gift for the city when it became capital of the Guarico State. The monument measures 19,8m and was cut in Calabozo, on the Mount El Calv?rio and, later, taken to the San Juan, in 1935.
Bordering the Venezuelan Llanos one can find multiple resevoirs that save water for the long periods of drought that Venezuela faces during the dry season.