It is inside St. John's Church complex, BBD Bagh area, approximately a kilometer from Esplanade square.
In 1756, the British began strengthening the defences of Fort William. The Nawab of Bengal, Siraj ud-Daulah, wasn't happy and saw it as a threat to his countries independence. He ordered a stop to the fort's military strengthening but was ignored. Siraj then organised his army & laid siege to the fort, causing many casualties.
Much of the garrison was able to escape, leaving a token force in the fort under the command of John Holwell, and the fort and Calcutta was taken.
It is difficult to know what the "truth" is about this story as the claims made by a surviving officer John Howell seem a bit too far fetched. It was claimed that 146 people were imprisoned, in a small and airless dungeon at Fort William. Next morning, when the door was opened, 123 of the prisoners had died. However, it does seem improbable that 146 people could have been imprisoned in a room of 14 x 18 feet, and it seems that at best Holwell greatly exaggerated his story.
The original memorial laid by Howell disappeared in 1821. The present day monument was commissioned in 1899 and erected at Dalhousie Square, believed to be the site of the Black Hole. The monument was re-sited in the graveyard of St John's Church in 1940.
- Historical Travel
- Budget Travel
- Road Trip
The Mecca of publishers, book lovers and students, the Book Fair held in early February is a place that every family in Kolkata makes a beeline for. It is the world's largest non-trade book fair, Asia's largest book fair and the most attended book fair in the world. It is the world's third largest annual conglomeration of books after the Frankfurt Book Fair and the London Book Fair.
The fair showcases the best of not just Indian publishers, but also bookseller, writers and bibliophiles from all corners of the globe. Great discounts are offered on a mind-boggling collection of titles as visitors to the fair wend their way in and out of the colorful stalls, stopping every now and then to grab a bite, get their portraits painted or just listen to the music filtering through the fair grounds.
Phone: +91 33 6500 4588
- Study Abroad
- Arts and Culture
Arts Acre has four galleries with a permanent display of over 300 art works voluntarily contributed by more than 100 artists and private collectors showcasing Bengal's rich and diverse art history. All the artists featured in the museum, were either born in Bengal or had worked/ studied there at some point in their lives. Several paintings are on display from members of the Tagore family including Rabindranath Tagore himself. Representative figures of the Bengal School to Kalighat and Battala paintings are part of the permanent display including big names of the contemporary arts scene; Jogen Chowdhury, Shakti Burman, Paresh Maity and Shuvaprasanna the visionary founder of the museum.
- Museum Visits
- Arts and Culture
The café is open for outside guests and soon I want to take the kids to the bowling alley. Getting out in the beauty of nature is the real attraction here. I saw a kind of King Fisher bird I have not seen before.
Kolkata is the only city in South Asia and India with Trams.
Kolkata, before Known as Calcutta, was once the British capital of India, and was considered the second most important city in the British Empire after London.
Salt-lake stadium in Kolkata is the Football stadium with second Highest seating capacity in world.
College street in Kolkata is the largest second hand book market in the world and the largest book market in India.
Kolkata has been home to 5 Nobel Laureates:
Sir Ronald Ross (1902, Medicine)
Rabindranath Tagore (1913, Literature; first Asian to win the Nobel Prize)
C V Raman (1930, Physics)
Mother Teresa (1979, Peace)
Amartya Sen (1998, Economics)
- Historical Travel
- Arts and Culture
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was a Muslim scholar and leader of India's independence movement. He supported the Caliphal movement (and jihad against the British) but then he strongly preached non-violence. As I learned from Mushiral Hasan who has written & spoke about him at the Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Institute of Asian Studies, partition broke his heart, but he served as the first Minister of Education in the newly independent government.
I gave a paper at a conference on Trajectories of Modern islam at the MAKAIAS and then visited his home which has been turned into a museum and we saw a performance - apparently rather poetic and satirical in Urdu.
- Historical Travel
- Arts and Culture
Sandakphu is the highest point of West Bengal . You can reach there by trekking route or by Land rover. Our trek route was Kolkata->Maney Bhanja->Tumling(Nepal) ->Kaliphokri(Nepal)->Sandakphu->Samanding ->Srikhola ->NJP.
Most interesting part for this trek route is you will visit India and Nepal simultaneously. Tumling is a beautiful village with some good resort . Running water, Television , Phone all type of facilities are there. At Kaliphokhri we meet the cute and sweet child Nima Dolma Sherpa , I can remember her for the rest of my life. She was always ready for photo shoot and even more eager to see the photo . :)
As per our original plan we were supposed to go to Phalut , as the weather god was not happy with us we stayed at Sandakphu for 2 days.
Next day we started for Samanding, a small beautiful village surrounded by hill and jungle. We walked for almost 26 Km to reach there. We walked 16 kilometers on the same route for Phalut then the route divided from Sabargram . In the whole trek the jungle trekking for reaching Samanding was thrilling. Also Srikhola is a great place for a short trip. Even one can visit Srikhola ,which is reachable by car from NJP.
- Hiking and Walking
This club was built in the year 1896, that time it was a forest at the outskirts of the city. With time, they city grew leaps & bounds and there was a boundary wall. All the animals, who were in the forest remained there and survived. It's huge GOLF club , with two miles long area and full of green forest. At the moment there are only Foxes and Jackals as wild animal. There were many but as per the guard living there their number is around 40/50 who survive on the small animals such as cats, rats, Bandicoot, etc and the food provided by the guards, such as used meat.
They are now almost domesticated and do not attack the Golf players or the guards during the daytime. I captured them with my cell phone camera, while watching Golf. First, I thought, they were dogs and I tried to call them, then the caddies saw me calling them shouted at me and told to remain at a distance from them as they were foxes. But, I went close, dared their red eye and captured them. It was a nice experience capturing them , basking in the spring sun!
I get the feeling that this part of town sees few travelers, as before long I have a crowd of people following me. They jostle in position, push and shove in order to get a better view of the westerner in the midst. The braver ones approach me, asking me where I'm from and shake my hand.
After asking if it's alright to take a picture of an eye-catching Mosque, I soon have a group of street children acting as tour guides, showing me their neighborhood and practicing their broken English. They disregard a 'Do Not Enter' sign and show me their pride and joy, a larger than average aquarium, home to several species of fish. There is no light, so I can't quite make out all the fish that they are squealing excitedly about, but I feign a great deal of interest for their benefit. When it comes time to go, the kids ask me for an autograph. They extend their hands, and some even indicate their foreheads for my scrawl. I comply, bemused, but opt instead for paper and ink. I've never given out autographs before, so I don't know quite what to write, but their smiling faces and jubilant attitude tells me I have done well enough.
- Work Abroad
- Budget Travel
The tombs in the St. John's Churchyard have historical interest with octagonal shaped Charnock's mausoleum is said to be the oldest masoury in the city. Job Charnok came to Kolkata as a trader agent of East India co in 1690. He died at Kolkata in 1692. Many believed till a few years ago that he was the founder of Kolkata city. Whatever it is he has contributed a lot in development of the city. This place also houses mausoleum of many rich and famous British. Please see the new pictures.
The Mausoleum is located in the centre heart of the city in the main business district of Dalhousie and inside St.John's church and graveyard. The condition of the Tomb is pathetic. Lot of bushes and weeds have come out as a result of neglect. I found out from the church authorities who is responsible for upkeep of the church. I could not get the correct answer. But they do collect Rs.20/- per car and Rs10/- per visitor everyday for upkeep of the church property. They also rent out the their compound as parking space on weekdays and houses several cars. Besides they get handsome donation from the visitors as well from the feast and other rituals performed for the devotees. So the income is not less, why the upkeep is in thankless state? Somebody has to answer! I am planning to see the Bishop in one of these days as and when I get time from office.
- Family Travel
The painting worth millions was presented by German Painter Johann Zoffany to the church on 1787. Over the years, it remained unkempt and was subject to vandalism, who also slashed the great painting. About hundred years ago it was retouched and again in 1967, by unprofessionals. Recently Max Mueller Bhawan of German mission took interest of this priceless painting and got it totally restored by the professionals. It is now restored to it's glory. One can have a highly satisfying experience!
Johann Zoffany’s 1787 painting at St John’s Church unveiled:
The solemn beauty of Johann Zoffany’s painting of The Last Supper, which hangs in St John’s Church and is the city’s most prized artistic possession, stands revealed once again and was open to public view on 4th of July'2010.
It has been restored over five months at the church next to Raj Bhavan by a team of conservators from the Indian National Trust for Art & Cultural Heritage (Intach) headed by Renate Kant, a German painting conservator based in Singapore.
The 10ft x 12ft painting by Zoffany (1733-1810) was done when he spent six years in India. He was born in Frankfurt but is considered one of the founding artists of the British School of the 18th century who introduced the “conversation piece”. His works hang in the Tate Gallery, Uffizi and the Louvre, besides the Victoria Memorial Hall.
Zoffany presented the painting to the church on April 9, 1787, and it once served as an altar piece. It incurred the wrath of the people on whom he had modelled the Apostles, who are significantly larger than Jesus himself. The flaxen haired St John sits next to Christ.
Judas with a tortured visage was said to have either been modelled on a “certain English resident at the Court of Lucknow” or Tulloh, a well-known Calcutta auctioneer. In 1888, a newspaper correspondent noted with dismay the “shameful treatment” meted out to it, and “the torn frayed canvas, and the large hole near the nose of Judas Iscariot”.( Courtesy The Telegraph)
This is one of the lungs of Kolkata city, but the condition of the lake and the environment is in dilapidated condition. The visit to the lake is highly refreshing but the slum dwellers settled all over the lake has made it an open air public toilet and washing lake. Any time of the day, one can notice that tons of clothes are being washed, people bath with soaps, the pathways are very dirty and smells badly. Though , there are several posh clubs located with in the lake, like Calcutta Rowing Club, The Lake Club, The University Rowing Club, The Anderson Swimming club no one has come forward to keep it clean. The lake is full of Hyacinth, the gardens are dirty, the seats are broken or fully occupied by vagabonds, rug pickers. In the evening time when the night falls, it turns out in to a den of criminals. There is no serious effort by Calcutta police or Kolkata Municipal Corporation to keep it clean or vice free. Only a hand picked of policemen are seen in the evening time, who continuously harass the couples either for sitting close or sitting late.
In the early 1920s, the Calcutta Improvement Trust (CIT), a body responsible for developmental work in the Kolkata metropolitan area, acquired about 192 acres (0.78 km2) of marshy jungles. Their intention was to develop the area for residential use – improving the roads, raising and levelling some of the adjacent land and building lakes and parks. Excavation work was undertaken with the plan of creating a huge lake. Originally known as Dhakuria Lake, in May 1958, CIT renamed the lake as Rabindra Sarovar, as a tribute to the great Bengali writer and Nobel Laureate, Rabindranath Tagore.
- Family Travel
Situated at 15 Bankim Chatterjee St, Kolkata, India( Just opposite Presidency CollageThe most famous Coffee House branch in Kolkata is the one at the College Street, also known as the "Coffee House at College Street". It is situated opposite the Presidency College, Kolkata and has been for a long time a regular hang out for students (and ex-students) of the Presidency College, University of Calcutta, and other institutions in College Street.
The history of the Coffee House at College Street can be traced to Albert Hall, which was founded in April 1876. Later, the Coffee Board decided to start a coffee joint from the Albert Hall in 1942. Notable citizens, including Rabindranath Tagore and Subhas Chandra Bose, were frequent visitors to the place. In 1947, the Central Government changed the name of the place to "Coffee House". The place became a meeting place for the poets, artistes, literati and people from the world of art and culture. In 1958, the management decided to shut down the Coffee House, but it was re-opened the same year, after professors of Presidency College and Calcutta University rushed off a special petition to the government, to save the heritage place.
The place is also associated with many famous personalities of Calcutta and India. Some great personalities who were regular are Satyajit Ray, Mrinal Sen, Sunil Gangopadhyay, Manna Dey , Aparna Sen and many many more.
In 2006 condition of the place was so dilapidated that many corporate house showed interest to renovate it. Finally it was renovated by Asian Paints in 2008/2009.
The place now has totally new look but without changing the aura of the place. Now it also has several paintings. Apart from genuine filter South Indian Coffee, they also serve lunch and dinner or just plain snacks ( See the menu and more pics in next tips). You can sit over there with a cup of coffee for entire afternoon, nobody really minds. We had our lunch there with Mix Chowmin and Garlic Chicken. It tasted great though not up to the mark of genuine Chinese food what is available in Mainland China. But who complains when the price is about a dollar per plate?
A really fascinating place to visit while in Kolkata (if you have the time) is the Sunderbans Tiger Reserve. It is the largest Mangrove Eco-System in the world.
There are various camps to stay at, and we liked the Sunderbans Tiger Camp. There are also various types of accommodation, including cottages, bungalows or tents.
It can be a challenge to get to the Sunderbans- bus for a few hours, then a boat trip of 2 hours. But it is so very worth going. One sees another side of rural life here- simple, village folk, who survive by growing their own vegs, and mostly by fishing.
The scenery is breathtaking. Boats will take you through the creeks, close to the Mangrove Forests. If you are EXTREMELY lucky, you may spot a Bengal tiger. Their numbers are declining, sadly. The bird-life is prolific. Best times to be in the water is early morning or sunset. An air of mystery surrounds the area, and legends abound here.
For more detailed information on the Sunderbans- visit my page WEST BENGAL
- Adventure Travel
We had these wonderful stuff on last Sunday as breakfast and brought home some of them. But we did not like the place as it has a very dirty atmosphere at the same time we wantede to experience with what was continuing since last 250 years. I am sure in glory days this market must be thriving with activity as mentioned in some magazines and some very old news papers.
Next to this place there was famous Chinese restaurant Nanking, which was once pride of South East Asia, very favourite of the Americans& British during the WWII. But it is now closed since 1960s, having resemblace of building directly from Harry Potter picture.
The Chinese breakfast did not disappoint us at all. I liked the fish ball, Chinese Bread roll, and Chicken Momos. We avoided the Pig intestines, though some people said it was delicious. No thanks!!