sexy_sensei's General Tip
Fondest memory: The town/village of Nyaung Shwe and wonderful, one-of-a-kind Inle Lake. The people 'all smiles' and town is among the most friendly that I have ever been to... The food -- because virtually everything is grown hydrophonically on the lake -- was a delight with fresh vegetables, fruit, and great fish. A mixture of Shan, Burman, and local cuisine -- I found it impossible to leave.
The photo is of some women at a local market near Chaing Tung (Keng Tung), a small town near Golden Triangle and a fascinating place. Incredible colours....Add to your Trip Planner
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A Simmering Stew of Ethnic Diversity
The very name Union of Myanmar implies that the nation is a federation of many peoples. But it is an uneasy federation. Burma Proper, (as it was called by the British) chief settlement area of the Bamar (Burman) majority, is encircles by separate minority states of the Chin, Kachin, Shan, Kayin (Karen), Kayah (Red Karen), Rakhines (Arakanese) and Mons. Through the centuries, there have been mistrust, antagonism, and frequent wars among the various races. The situation is no different today.
The current administrative divisions were built into MyanmarÂ’s 1948 constitution, based on the model devised by the British. During the colonial era, the British Â– with their principle of colonial era, the British Â– with their principle of divide and rul made a distinction between Burma Proper and Outer Burma, the latter comprising the settlement areas of the ethnic minorities. Burma Proper was placed under the direct rule of British India, but the minorities were left with much greater autonomy under an indirect rule.
While the Bamars (Burmans) were denied a place in the colonial army, the various minorities were heavily depended upon for their fighting skills. The racial enmity between the Bamars and the minorities festered just beneath the surface until independence was granted. Since that time, more than a generation of violent domestic confrontations have played havoc with the nationÂ’s hopes of internal peace.
No less than 67 separate indigenous racial groups have been identified in Myanmar, not including the various Indians, Chinese and Europeans who make the country their home. A survey in the late British colonial period determined that 242 separate languages and dialects were spoken.
Traces of Prehistoric Man:
Long before ancestors of the modern Myanmar moved east and south from central Asia and Tibet, prehistoric men inhabited the area now known as Myanmar. Caves and rock shelters in the mountains and fertile river valleys were home for these proto-Australoids. Not yet acquainted with agricultural techniques, they lived by hunting and gathering. Stone chips and other vestiges of their primitive culture have been found in western Shan State.
These aborigines mixed with the Austronesians, and eventually moved on toward what is today Indonesia. No trace of them is found in the present-day population of Myanmar. The Andaman Islanders, who live in the middle of the Bay of Bengal south of Myanmar, and the Semang of the Malay Peninsula might be direct descendants.
In historic times three separate migrations are important in Myanmar history.
First to arrive were the Mon-Khmer people. They came from the arid, wind-swept plains of Central Asia, and it is not difficult to imagine their motivation. Anyone who has seen the mountains of golden rice, piled high at harvest time, will understand why the first Mon-Khmer kingdom was called Suvannabhumi, the 'golden land.'
Then came a second wave of immigrants, the Tibeto-Burmans, who pushed the Mon-Khmer people further to the south and east, away from the middle races of the Ayeyarwady. First the Pyus, then the Bamars moved down the valleys of the Ayeyarwady and Sittoung rivers, establishing their magnificent empires at Sri Ksetra and Bagan (Pagan)
Between the 12th and 14th centuries, the third migration took place. The Tais (known today in Myanmar as Shans), a Sino-Tibetan race who had settled in Yunnan in the 7th century, began moving south down the river valleys. When they tried to fore the Bamars out of the Ayeyarwady Valley, centuries of warfare followed with mixed success on both sides. In the end, the Bamars clung to their home-land. The Tais established themselves in the Shan Hills and the Menan (Chao Phraya) valley in present-day Thailand.
Even today, there remains a tendency of the mountain peoples to migrate toward the south. The Kachins were moving in that direction when the British assumed administration of northern Myanmar late in the 19th century. The quest for better living conditions and in very remote areas, the simple search for arable land inspires such movement, and underlies the antagonism dividing the races of Myanmar
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Favorite thing: There is some kind of cigars or cigarettes that consist of crumbled roots and leafs of some plants and wrapped into taback leafs. Usually there have work women and teen girls.Add to your Trip Planner
Favorite thing: Moments of tranquillity abound in Burma. If you've always wanted to stop and smell the roses, you will have plenty of opportunities here.Related to:
- Arts and Culture
- Budget Travel
Map of Northern Myanmar
Favorite thing: Map of Northern Myanmar, hope this may help you to plan out your journey when you travel to the northRelated to:
Mandalay Internet Service
Favorite thing: This microelectronic shop where you will find the best service in Mandalay. The shop owner is very
nice and friendly and you may ask him for travel related things.Related to:
Favorite thing: Don't lost this pass after visiting Mingun, you need to show this pass to the gate of Sagaing on your arrivalRelated to:
Favorite thing: When in Burma, try the traditional dress. It is cooler than pants... (and what the hell, this is what everyone else is wearing there...)Add to your Trip Planner
Favorite thing: I was there on the Buddhist Lent day so there were so many people. Burmese people always go to pagoda everyday expecially on the Buddhist holy day.Related to:
- Historical Travel
- Religious Travel
Guilded in the Golden Land
Favorite thing: You never see so much gold asyou will see in Burma...
The temples are invariably guilded to the hilt.Related to:
- Road Trip
Street scene in Yangon
Favorite thing: The streets of the cities are always nice to watch local people go about their daily business. As you can see in the photo that the traditional clothing is the Longyi. Men and women both wear them.Related to:
- Budget Travel
- School Holidays
Favorite thing: You'll notice in the hill tribe areas that the kids all have these cute handmade wooden toys to amuse themselves.... Not a Barbie doll or GI Joe to be found... (Which is all for the better...)Related to:
- Road Trip
Bang a Gong.... (get it on...)
Favorite thing: The locals believe that thrice banging the big bells at the temple will bring them luck...
Why not, I could use some good luck...Related to:
- Adventure Travel
Favorite thing: The Burmese often construct Buddhist shrines in the mountains of the countryside... Hiking up to some of these shrines can make for a great diversion off the main tourist circuit...Related to:
- Hiking and Walking
Favorite thing: There are these the local version of the Mini-mart. You can pickup your toiletries,snacks,canned food,soft drinks and other items here.Related to:
- Budget Travel
- Historical Travel
Myanmar (Burma) Hotels
Kandawgyi Palace hotel is located on the shore of Royal Lake. I hope these pics will help you to...more
Myatlay St., Bagan Myothit (East), Naratheinkha 10
Good for: Couples
Great hotel, arguably our favorite in Myanmar. You can tell the owners put a lot of thought into...more
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