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Half-Day Hanoi Private City Tour
"Get picked up at your hotel to visit Ho Chi Minh Complex which reflects the historic figure and father of modern Vietnam Ho Chi Minh (no entry Mondays or Fridays). After that we go on to a wooden stilt house which was his temporary residence from 1954 till his deat followed by a visit to One Pillar Pagoda founded by King Ly Thai To in 1049. It has become an important symbol for the people of Hanoi.Your next stop will be the Temple of Literature which was built in honor of Confucius and is also Vietnam’s first university. This large temple and its meditative grounds functioned as a university for nearly a millennium and the names of its laureates remain carved into the tops of countless stone tu
From $70.00
Half-Day Hanoi City Tour by Cyclo
"09.45: We will visit Ngoc Ha Village to see B52 wreckage. In the past Ngoc Ha Village was a big flower market in Hanoi before10.00: Next Hanoi cyclo tour is to visit Temple of Literature – the most ancient Temple in Hanoi dedicated to Confucius and Quoc Tu Giam the first University was built in Vietnam in 1076. You will have chance to understand about Vietnam education under feudal dynasty.10.30: Enjoy traditional coffee in local cafe.11.00: Cyclo driver will paddle you around the Old Quart"""Cyclo is a unique type of transportation in Vietnam. Exploring the ancient capital via cyclo tour is the most unique way to understand the daily life of local people. You’ll have chance to experience both the busy traffic of the main streets as well as t but you can have a better understanding of a typical Hanoian’s lives."title=Highlights&1=Excellent+value+for+money&2=Ideal+choice+for+families&3=Informative%2C+friendly+and+professional+guide&4=Perfect+for+all+ages+and+skill+level&5=Flexibility+to+customize+your+itinerary+to+your+own+preferences
From $55.00
Cycling in Hanoi
"8am - Your tour guide will come to your hotel to meet you and your one-day cycling tour will begin with a short walk through the Old Quarter of Hanoi. You will walk through the Dong Xuan market the ancient gate of the citadel of Hanoi and the Long Bien Bridge before arriving at the departure point.8:30am - After a brief introduction on how to use the bicycles and the biking road you will begin your adventure by cycling along the Red River. Visit the market of ceramics located by the riverside and then continue cycling until you reach the village of Nghi Tam. Then you cross the street which is also the dam to reach the West Lake. You will cycle a little more along West Lake shores which lead you to a restaurant for our you will have the opportunity to taste the fried shrimp cake a specialty of Hanoi. You will then cycle a very short distance to a local coffee shop by the shore of West lake for a good cup of Vietnamese traditional coffee or a fresh coconut juice.1:30pm – After lunch you continue to ride along the shores of West Lake. You will stop at the Tran Quoc Pagoda to visit the pagoda which is located on an islet connected to the eastern shore of West Lake. Ho Tay
From $90.00

Temple of Literature Tips (71)


The stelae of doctors can be found in a building to one side of the third courtyard. Emperor Ly Thanh Tong erected erected 116 steles of carved blue stone turtles with elaborate motifs which honored talent and encouraged study. This was in 1484 and the turtle is considered one of the nation's four holy creatures along with the unicorn, dragon and phoenix. The turtle is a symbol of longevity and wisdom. Today 82 stelae remain and the names of 1307 graduates are inscribed on them, along with their birth places . The graduates passed their exams from 1442 -17 and 1779, 81 exams held under the Le dynasty and one under the Mac dynasty. The reasons for holding the exams are inscribed in Chinese characters as well as praising the monarchs. The names of the mandarins who organised the exams are also inscribed. People used to rub the turtle's head for luck but now they cannot do this as the stelae are cordoned off.

davidjo's Profile Photo
Dec 07, 2016


One of the most famous temples in Hanoi is the Temple of Literature which honors Confucius and was constructed in 1070 under Ly Thanh Tong Dynasty. The temple became the earliest university in Vietnam and nowadays many students who have just graduated go there in their togas to have their photograph taken. The temple is divided into 5 courtyards, each of which is important and hs its own history.
The first stretches from the main gate to Dai Trung gate, the second contains Khue Van Cac pavilion, the third is where the doctors’ names are listed on a tombstone above tortoise backs the fourth is dedicated to Confucius and his 72 honored students, while the fifth is Thai Hoc house (the first university.

It is open 8.30 am-6.30 pm every day of the week but closed for lunch between 11.30 and 13.30. There is a small entrance fee of 30-40,000 dong.

davidjo's Profile Photo
Dec 07, 2016


The Temple of Literature hosts the Imperial Academy which was Vietnam’s first national university and you will find that Confucius is worshiped in the building, Thuong Dien which is in the fourth courtyard. On either side of Confucius sits two of his closest disciples,  Yanhui, Zengshen, Zisi and Mencius. There are also ten altars for some honored philosophers. There is also a little museum where you can see pens, ink wells and book that used to belong to the students.

davidjo's Profile Photo
Dec 07, 2016


The Temple of Literature is the place where students come to have their graduation photographs taken. It is the custom that their photographs are taken here before they leave college or university. The students are either in their Vietnamese dress or in their graduation caps and gowns. They will also kneel before Confucius to thank him for their good fortune in their studies.

davidjo's Profile Photo
Dec 07, 2016
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See the Temple of Literature

V?n Mi?u, wrongly called the Temple of Literature, was Vietnams first university. The temple was built in 1070 at the time of Emperor Lý Thánh Tông. One of several temples in Vietnam dedicated to Confucius.

lotharscheer's Profile Photo
Jul 27, 2016

You should visit Temple of Literature in Hanoi

This is the best destination in Hanoi capital. Spend 3 - 4 hours to visit, you will know everything about the first university of Vietnam - named Quoc Tu Giam
Literature temple also have free tour guide for you
The ticket for adult : 30.000 VN? nearly $1.5
Open : 8am
Close : 5.30 pm

for more information about literature temple: click here :

Jun 11, 2015

An Oasis of Tranquility: Van Mieu

Van Mieu, the Temple of Literature, is Hanoi's oldest university. Or rather: it was a university. Founded in 1070 (!) and dedicated to Confucius, Van Mieu was the main centre of education for Vietnamese mandarins who were educated there for several centuries. In the 15th century, Emperor Le Thanh Tong declared that stelae should be placed for everybody being conferred a doctorate. Therefore you now see 82 stelae with the inscriptions of 1304 doctor laureates in the temple, all of which are placed on the back of a tortoise. In Vietnamese mythology, the tortoise, the unicorn, the dragon and the phoenix are holy animals. It is said that the placement of stelae signifies "everlasting respect to talent".

Nowadays, Van Mieu is above all an oasis of tranquility amidst Hanoi's neverending traffic chaos. Although it is surrounded by three highly frequented main roads, you can enjoy a break at Van Mieu without even noticing that there are thousands of motorbikes rushing by just behind the walls of the temple.

Furthermore, Van Mieu is architecturally very interesting. In the five yards of Van Mieu you can experience different stages of Vietnamese architecture. There are for instance the two horse dismounting stelae in front of the temple where those who wanted to enter the temple had to dismount their horse. Between the first and the second yard, you can marvel at the beautiful Great Middle Gate. In the third yard, the 82 stelae surround the Well of Heavenly Clarity. The fourth yard comes up with the Courtyard of the Sage - it is here where Confucius and other sages are worshipped. In the fifth yard you can see what was the study room some centuries ago. A model of the temple and several old photographs are displayed in the building at the very end of the yards.

For more information, don't miss my Local Customs tip.

King_Golo's Profile Photo
Jul 20, 2014

Temple of Literature

The landmark contains numerous courtyards and pavilions, here, you will see the courtyards has good maintenance. This ancient Confucian sanctuary is now considered one of Hanoi's finest historical and cultural sites

Though having gone through lots of restoration work, the temple still retains its very first original shape, to be one of the visit worthy sightseeings of Hanoi, captivating to a huge number of tourists elsewhere.

A space of peace, green trees and solemnity covers the whole temple of historical and traditional love for study, making tourists feel like they were lost in a land of Confucion and traditional values. If you are in Hanoi, you should really come and explore it yourself

Coming here, you might see many Vietnamese students visiting the places as a ritual for good luck before they enter an important exam such as the entrance exam into college.

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Mar 04, 2014
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The temple of literature.

The temple of literature is dated back to 1070 and is the oldest university in Hanoi and was for centuries the place where the emperor recruited his mandarins for his goverment.
It's dedicated to confucius and his ideas were taught there.

These days it's a national monument and open to the public and very interesting to see.
It's pretty much in the center of Hanoi and quite easy to get to.
It consists of four courtyards with the last one having a temple dedicated to Confucius and there is a statue of him in there.

cachaseiro's Profile Photo
Nov 02, 2012

Temple of Literature

This is such an amazing place to visit in Hanoi. This is not a temple but a huge compound with beautiful gates, lakes, courtyard, museum, and etc. It was the first Vietnam University back in 1070 built by King Ling Ly Nha Tong to dedicate Confucius, Sages, and Scholars. It had been reconstructed by several dynasties due to war and other disasters. Until now, it is still one of the most important venues for people of Vietnam to host cultural and educational events.

Several attraction including Turtle Steles, Well of Heavenly Clarity, Lake of Literature, and Constellation of Literature Pavilion.

Opening hours: 8am-5pm everyday.

Don't miss this place!!

cal6060's Profile Photo
Jul 26, 2011

Temple of Literature

This is History!

The Temple of Literature was founded in the year 1070, and was dedicated to the Chinese Philosopher, CONFUCIOUS.
In 1076, it became Vietnam's 1st University. An archeological study has found that the majority of the site belongs to Ly (1010-1225) and Tran (1225 - 1400), it really is very old.
There are side passages between the five courtyards, and these were used by Royalty who entered through the main gate, and students had to enter via the side passage ways.
The open pavillions in the courtyards were used for students to study. The 1st two courtyards are mainly gardens and trees, with the third courtyard being taken up by a large pond called 'The Well of heavenly clarity"

On either sides, there are pavillions with steles which are sitting on top of a large Tortoise. These steles honour the schools successful doctorate candidates.

The next courtyard is the Sage courtyard which is paved and has buildings on three sides. Here, is the "great house of ceremonies " and inside is a large lacquered statue of Confucious.

The last courtyard is Thai Hoc, and here you find the large Drum and Bell Tower.
We visited here on a city tour, and this made it all the more interesting as we were told the details of all we were looking at.

ADMISSION IN 2011.....12,000 DONG
CHILDREN UNDER 15 years of age are allowed in for free.
It is open Tuesday to Sunday from 7.30 to 6 pm (8 am to 5 pm from November to March

balhannah's Profile Photo
Mar 25, 2011

Scholars and turtles

The Temple of Literature, built in 1070, was a temple to Confucius. It was also Viet Nam’s first university and functioned for more than 700 years, from 1076 to 1779, educating the country's nobles, royalty, mandarins and other elite. Those who graduated had their names engrave on the stone stele that sit on large stone turtles in the temple.

The temple consists of a series of 5 landscaped courtyards. The first two are primarily gardens. The third one has a lotus pond and the stellae. The final courtyard holds the shrine to Confucius.

JessieLang's Profile Photo
Feb 20, 2011

Things to Do Near Hanoi

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Getting to Hanoi


Quoc Tu Giam St. | Dong Da District, Hanoi 100000,


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