Of the early Christian sacral objects, which abounded in Pula, the architecture of the cathedral of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary has been preserved to a considerable extent.
The present building is from the 5th century. It is large basilica with a nave and two aisles.
The church was originally decorated with mosaics on the floor, fragments of which have been preserved still today.
The cathedral undergone many reconstructions in the past, so different styles can be noticed on it; the arches separating the aisles are of Gothic style, while the columns and capitals still preserve some of the Romanesque mass. The high walls of the nave have kept the early Christian windows, but pointed Gothic windows were opened in the side walls. The side portal of the cathedral from 1457 is decorated with Renaissance reliefs.
The cathedral was given a new facade in 1712, at the time of bishop Bottari. It was built in the spirit of classicism.
The cathedral was erected on the foundations of a roman temple.
It oldest remains date from the 4th century.
It began as a single nave church but in the 5th century, it was divided into a three-nave basilica.
JUNE - SEPT
10am - 1pm 4pm - 8pm
SEPT - MAY
Until going there I only knew one cathedral with the tower separated from the main building - in Leiria.
Now, I knew a second one. And that was my most remarkable note about this monument, as usually built-destroyed-rebuilt, sharing stones with other, including the amphitheater.
Of the early Christian sacral objects, which abounded in Pula, the architecture of the cathedral of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary has been preserved to a considerable extent. The whole group of early Christian buildings was erected immediately within the city walls in the course of 4th and i 5th century. It grew at the site of an earlier classical building, perhaps public bath. It is probable that a secret Christian cultic space had existed there at the time when Christianity was a forbidden religion in the Rokan Empire.
The present building is from 5th century and It is a large basilica with a nave and two aisles, 50 meters long and 21 meters wide.
When visiting it, do not miss to see the remains of the original floor mosaics from 5th century.
The Cathedral of St. mary has a Renaissance façade, but this only masks the true age of the church. Behind the façade is a Romanesque interior that is itself a renovation of a sixth-century basilica. Not to be outdone, the basilica was originally built on the site of a Roman temple, in the time when the Christian church felt the need to erase pagan beliefs by converting temples of the old religion into those of the new. Perhaps the only thing of interest here is the altar made out of a third-century Roman sarcofogus, once alleged to contain the bones of Hungarian King Solomon.
The original structure was built on a previous site of a Roman temple, and was constructed in 5th-6th centuries as it gradually expanded. A major expansion took place in the 10th century when this was the major focus for residents. Most of the current structure that is seen today is from the 1712 and of Renaissance style. The bell tower and some of the church used stones from the arena. It was closed when we were there, and I suspect it is not open except for services. The bell tower also was closed.
A small chapel was added on the south side in the 13th century, which serves today as the vestry.
The freestanding bellfry was completed in 1707, and a lot of stones from the amphitheatre were used for its foundation.
A very early church of St. Thomas , built in the turn of the 4th and 5th century, was formerly in a small park along the south side of the cathedral, but it was demolished in 1657. The last remain of the building were visible as late as 1812. Fragments of the original marble septum, a vary fine work from the turn of above mentioned centuries, and early Romanesque capitals of later data are kept in the Archaeological Museum of Istira.
Most of what we saw of the cathedral is from the 17th century, including the Renaissance façade and the bell tower which was built using some stones from the Roman amphitheater. The cathedral suffered considerable damage when Pula was bombed in the Second World War, but was restored shortly after the war ended.
Once we were inside we noticed the interior of the cathedral which contains a 3rd century Roman sarcophagus altar. We also loved the floor that shows some fragments of the 5th and 6th century mosaics which are located in front of the altar. After we left the inside of the cathedral we had a nice walk through the park that is east to the cathedral. So, for a surprise visit like we had, the cathedral is a very nice place to visit indeed!
Maybe this cathedral is better for “the off the beaten path” section of Pula. Or maybe it was just our fault we almost missed it during our visit to Pula. We hiked our way away from the Forum and decided to have a look at the impressive marina of Pula. All of a sudden we ran into the Cathedral of Pula, which just stood there. We had no idea it was there and we were pleasantly surprised by it. Although we were heading for the harbor, we definitely took our time to have a good look at and inside the Pula Cathedral.
As with many old buildings, the Pula Cathedral (Katedrala) has undergone numerous rebuilds over the years, always with bits and pieces of the former structure incorporated into the new. The cathedral was originally built in the 5th and 6th century on the site of a former Roman temple, but enlarged in the 10th century to accommodate a larger congregation. Time for us to have a closer look.
Although we were quite late when we first arrived at the Pula Cathedral we were still allowed to enter it. A huge advantage of our late arrival was the fact that there were almost no tourists left. Either the bus / coach had already left or everybody was drinking a beer in the pubs. Whenever we visit a cathedral the kids always want to burn a candle, it has become a bit of a tradition. The sight of burning votive candles - real or electronic - is common in most Catholic cathedrals. The candles are usually placed before statues of saints or at shrines. But how did this tradition get its start?
According to A Handbook of Catholic Sacramentals, by Ann Ball, the practice of lighting candles in order to obtain some favor probably has its origins in the custom of burning lights at the tombs of the martyrs in the catacombs. The lights burned as a sign of solidarity with Christians still on earth. Because the lights continually burned as a silent vigil, they became known as vigil lights. Vigil Lights (from the Latin vigilia, which means "waiting" or "watching") are traditionally accompanied by prayers of attention or waiting. Another common type of candle offering is the votive light. Such an offering is indicative of seeking some favor from the Lord or the saint before which the votive is placed. So for us lighting a candle is a way of extending our prayer and showing solidarity with the person on whose behalf our prayer is offered.
Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary's Birth decorated with six marble altars. One of them has St.Justin's relics brought here from Rome in 1664. Main altar and altarpiece with six figures of B.V.M., St.Pauline and Saints : Justin, Sergio, Julian, Tom and Jacob. The author is Natale Schiacione from Dalmatia, the much more valuable altarpiece by the altar of the Madonna of Carmel from the l7th century is believed to be done by the famous painter Jacopo Negriti, better known as Palma the Younger. Valentin Lukas, a young Labin painter from the 19th century; is the author of the painting featuring the Stages of the Cross.
The Cathedral 4th - 15th century. known as the Cathedral of St. Mary.the Virgin., is a Co-cathedral in Pula of the roman catheolic church. Located on the south side of Pula bay at the foot of a hill. The site has been a place of christian worship since the 4 th century..