Wenceslas square is more an avenue than a square. Lined with shops and hotels, it is the centre of nightlife (if you're male be prepared to meet "quick friends" in the square).
Behind king Wenceslas statue, stands the monumental National Museum.
Wenceslas Square is the biggest square in Prague and a business and cultural centre of the city.
Wenceslas Square has its origins in 14th century when King Charles IV founded the New Town in 1348 and used to be a Horse Market. When the statue of the horse with St Wenceclas was placed there 19th century the square was renamed.
At the very top of Wenceslas Square there is the monumental neo-Renaissance building of the National Museum that overlooks the whole square.
Located in Wenceslas Square, is Wiehl's House, beautifully decorated with polychromic sgraffiti.
The house was built in the Middle Ages, it wasn't until the 19th century that architect Antonin Wiehl bought the house, demolished it, and built a new house here between 1895/1896.
He built the house in Czech neo-renaissance style, which included a octagonal turret that was used as an observation gallery. Documents from 1896 were stored in the turret, in a soldered copper pipe, quite a common occurrence in towers of churches at the same time. Found were newspapers, payroll's, reproduction of the hand radiograph and a memorial letter signed by Antonín Wiehl and other house builders. Written documentation was found on the latest inventions of the time that changed people's lives.
I loved the facade decoration and the series of six paintings describing the life of a wealthy merchant. Each painting bears an inscription.
The painted scenes begin with the baptism of the child and a nursing mother with the inscription "An old woman weaves – the God only leads thread."
Another painting is of a Scholar teaching children while his Horse stands by.
This inscription reads: "The tree stands as it grows."
The third painting is the marriage between the young merchant and a girl with an apple of knowledge in her hand.
"You got me, you do not care, you lose - you will know."
The next painting shows the Merchant's shop.
Another is when the Merchant was sent to war to defend the homeland, so the painting is of the old man saying goodbye to his son's family.
Over the last picture, is the symbol of death and the inscription says "There is no medicine against Morena"
The paintings were restored between 1977/1978 and were a real picture!
Palace Rokoko was a rather dark building built on the site of another Palace from the 17th century. This landmark was built between 1912-1916 in Art Nouveau & Cubist style. The façade details on the building were lovely, but what I liked most of all, were all the different faces peering down onto the square and the Lion's! Quite a different style of building.
The building now contains a shopping centre.
The World Heritage listed Wenceslas Square is like many Squares in Prague, that is, they are not Square. Wenceslas Square is one of these. It is a very long rectangle with the beautiful neo-classical Czech National Museum at one end.
King Charles created this Square in 1348 as part of his plans for a large 'new' town, more than three times the size of the "old" town. At the beginning, it was named the Horse Market as Horses were stabled here to be sold at the Market. In the 19th century, it was re-named after the patron saint of Bohemia, Saint Wenceslas. This was when construction of large stately buildings along the square took place.
Important events took place here, like the declaration of the First Republic in 1918, It was where the Nazi's held mass demonstrations, Protests against the Soviet occupation in 1969, and the protest march that led to the end of the Communist era were held here.
Perhaps the saddest event took place on 16th January 1969, when student Jan Palach set himself on fire to protest the invasion of Czechoslovakia by the Soviet Union in 1968.
I enjoyed walking the Square, looking at the historic buildings and many outdoor cafes & Restaurant's.
I wasn't around at night to see the many Prostitutes who ply this area.
One of the city's most historic squares, "Wenceslas Square"was formerly the horse market.
The once muddy swath between the buildings played host to the country's equine auctioneers.
The top of the square, where the National Museum now stands, was the outer wall of the New Town fortifications, bordering the Royal Vineyards. Unfortunately, the city's busiest highway now cuts the museum off from the rest of the square it dominates. Trolleys streamed up and down the square until the early 1980s.
Today Wenceslas Square forms the commercial heart of Prague. It is a popular meeting place and the many hotels, shops and restaurants around the square attract throngs of tourists and locals alike.
After Old Town Square, Wenceslas Square probably is the most important public square in Prague. Located in the New Town area, Wenceslas Square definitely has a more modern feel to it than the other square. From its humble beginnings as a horse market, the square has grown to become one of the city's most vibrant commercial areas. There are numerous stores, restaurants, clubs and hotels in the area, and several of the city's more recent historical events have taken place there. While the country was still ruled by the Communist Party, Wenceslas Square became the site of frequent political manifestations, most notably in 1969 when two students committed suicide by self-immolation to protest against the Soviet occupation.
Most of the buildings around the square date back to the end of the 19th century and feature the work of Prague's best architects at the time. At the top of the square, you'll find the National Museum, a beautiful Neo-Renaissance palace completed in 1890. In front of it stands an equestrian statue of St. Wenceslas, the patron saint of Bohemia, and close to it you'll also find the small memorial to the victims of Communism. One of the most famous hotels around the square is the Grand Hotel Europa; by all accounts, it hasn't aged very well but its striking Art Nouveau facade is still worth seeing. Another building I had a personal interest in seeing was the Assicurazioni Generali building, where Franz Kafka got his first job as an insurance clerk in 1907.
One of the famous squares in Prague, Wenceslas Square is the imposing square that can hold about 40,000 people. Wenceslas Square is 70 meters long, 60 meters wide, a relatively large public space. Here they had the famous demonstrations against the communist government. What is now Wenceslas Square used to be a horse market in the Middle Ages.
At the top of the Square is the equestrian statue of St Wenceslas, the patron saint of Bohemia. Wenceslas, also known as the good king Wenceslas, was named king after his death in 935 AD. During his lifetime he was Duke of Bohemia. He was sainted for his contribution to bringing Christianity to the Czech lands. Legend has it that he was murdered by his brother. Behind the statue is the imposing building of the National Museum.
If you look at the statue I found it interesting that King Wenceslas was surrounded not by fierce looking warriors but instead by contemplative monks (or priests). These figures at the base of the equestrian statue represent the four Czech patron saints- St Ludmilla, St Prokop, St. Agnes and St. Adalbert. I thought to myself you don't really see that as often, most of the time great leaders are portrayed more as great warriors or conquerors. Just a thought.
The Square is at the edge of the Old Town. Lots of decent shopping, I especially found some real nice bookstores. At the bottom of the square you just follow the crowds and you will end up at Old Town Square.
Wenceslas Square was established as the Horse Market by Charles IV in 1348. This square is of great historical significance to the Czechs because it was the centre of demonstrations and important events of Czech history.
Today, this square is one of the busiest areas in Prague due to the many stores, hotels, restaurants, nightclubs and casinos in this area.
The statue of St. Wenceslas at the top of the square was created by Josef Václav Myslbek and placed there in 1912. A plaque nearby is dedicated to the victims of Communism.
On Jan 16, 1969 Jan Palach, a university student, set himself on fire to protest the Soviet invasion (of 1968). His funeral resulted in a giant protest against the occupation.
The cross was placed at the spot were Palach supposedly fell..after the end of the communist regime in 1989. It is a very small memorial directly in front of the statue of King Wenceslas.
I was surprised that there wasn't a larger memorial of this kind in Prague...did anyone else feel that way?
This square is where the protests in their Velvet Revolution took place in the 80's and is still the center much activity. It was built in 1348 and named for their beloved king (and subject of a Christmas song). It includes the National Museum. It is quite beautiful on the inside and is a science museum.
This square is the center of both business and culture. It's where you'll find the National Museum at the end of the boulevard right after the monument of King Wenceslas.
They call this area the new town - I'm seeing a lot of old buildings though.