Rumburk's 'house' mountain is Dymnik (in German: Rauchberg), not overly remarkable with only 516 m. It is located about 3 km southwest of the town centre/railway station.
I found the walk (you can't really call it a hike ...) to Dymnik very pleasant. I picked the hiking trail, not the (not too busy) road, although locals sent me to the road. At first you need to find your way through the small alleys of Rumburk, which is not always easy but with the map from the Tourist Information doable. Orientation mark can be the hospital or the public swimming pool. From either head to the woods, follow the blue marked trail - it's really beautiful and not too steep. At some point you'll see the restaurant Dymnik on a plateau to the right. I stopped there first, headed to the top with viewing tower later.
The viewing tower was built iin 1896. It is open daily, admission is 15 CZK (about 0.55 Euro) for adults.
The viewing top is not open, but enclosed with windows, which is good for bad weather/winter days, but not so nice for mild summer days and taking photos.
The panoramic views are very nice and offer an excellent overview of the region around Rumburk. Pic 2 is the view of Rumburk town in the foreground and the Upper Lausitz hills in neighbouring Saxony (Germany) in the background (Mt. Kottmar 583 m). Pic 3 shows the Zittau mountains (Lausche, 793 m, and Hochwald, 749 m) from the right, then in the far background Mt. Jested (1012 m) above Liberec. On pic 4 you see the nearby Mt. Jedlova hora (774 m, with viewing tower) on the right and Tolstejn with castle ruins on the left, both attractive destinations for an excursion from Rumburk. On pic 5 is the somewhat 'airy' uppermost part of the staircase in the Dymnik viewing tower, only a few steps that are hard to manage for people with fear of heights.
There are more things to do at the plateau of Dymnik, where the restaurant is: Mini golf, rope-climbing, a Stonehenge-like mystic place, a mini zoo for the kids ...
- Family Travel
- Hiking and Walking
The former Capuchin monastery church is the catholic parish church of Rumburk since 1957. The monastery was erected after plans of Georgio Monacensi from Munich 1683-85, the church was consecrated by the Bishop of Leitmeritz (Litomerice) in 1690. The monastery was closed by the communists in 1950.
The main altar depicts the martyrdom of Saint Laurentius, in the underground burial vault are the graves of 26 Capuchin monks (not accessible). I thought the church was in urgent need of restoration; it appeared very dark and the musty smell was overwhelming.
Admission through Loreto sanctuary. Ask the staff, one of them will go with you and unlock the door to the church.
Directions: Next to Loreto sanctuary.
- Religious Travel
The outstanding sight in Rumburk is the northernmost Loreto sanctuary, built 1704 - 07 on the grounds of a former Capuchin monastery. Architect was Johann Lukas Hildebrandt from Vienna, initiator and sponsor was Prince Anton Florian von Liechtenstein. Result is an exact copy of the Italian original with the exception that in Rumburk sandstone was used instead of marble.
Along the street front is a balustrade with sculptures which are works of Franz Biener (from Schirgiswalde, neighbouring Germany). In the centre is the Casa Santa, surrounded by cloisters with 14 large paintings depicting scenes from the way of the cross on the walls and other paintings depicting the life of Maria on the ceilings. At each corner is a chapel with an altar. The 12th station of the way of the cross is the Scala Santa (Holy Stairs), leading up to another chapel. The pecularity of this Scala Santa is that to its right and left are wooden figures depicting Roman soldiers and mocking jewish merchants, carved by Elias Dollhopf in the 18th century. To the right is the jail where Jesus Christ awaited his crucifixion and to the left is his grave, both with Roman guards.
The Santa Casa is the highlight and most valuable part of the sanctuary. The decorations/bas-reliefs on the facades are amazing, excellent copies of the original in Loreto/Italy. Inside is the Black Madonna, a woocarved figure blessed by the Pope in 1691.
The former Capuchin monastery's church is now catholic parish church St. Lawrence, see my respective tip.
In the entrance building is a small exhibit about the underground vaults and crypt in the complex of the sanctuary/St. Lawrence.
Most of the sanctuary was well restored in the last years. It was a stunning change compared to my last visit. Please see my Travelogues as well!
Admission fee 50 CZK (2 Euro). Photo permission another 50 CZK.
Open Tue - Sat; Apr-Oct 9-17, Nov-Mar 10-16 h
Directions: A bit northwest of the town centre, direction Sluknov.
- Religious Travel
The center of Rumburk is Luzicke namesti, the market square. Around the square are nice townhouses, partially with arcades, from the Baroque era and the 19th century - the town suffered severe damages in the Hussit wars and the 30-years-war, thus not much older architecture is preserved. Especially the townhouses at the southern side were replaced by modern style buildings.
In the middle of the square is a beautiful Baroque Marian column from 1681. It commemorates a plague epidemic. The sculptures were created between 1725 and 1775.
This church, located close to the main square, was built from 1545 on as an Ev.-Lutheran church - the town was owned by Georg von Schleinitz, a wealthy guy from neighbouring Saxony back then. However, the Catholics fought back and since the 30-years-war the region is catholic again.
St. Bartholomew was damaged by several fires between 1624 and 1744 and reconstructed in Baroque style, in 1701 the altar painting was consecrated. In 1874 the church underwent another redesign, resulting in the Neo-Romanesque style that you see nowadays.
The church can be entered only for masses but in summer the doors are open and you can peek inside.
- Religious Travel