Tiergarten and Zoo, Berlin
Bismarck memorial, located in the Tiergarten, is dedicated to Prince Otto von Bismarck, who was Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Prussia and the first Chancellor of the German Empire. The monument was sculpted by Reinhold Begas. This statue, along with the Berlin Victory Column were located in the old grden in front of the Reichstag before they were moved in 1938 by order of Hitler, following his project to recast Berlin as Welthauptstadt Germania. The move of the statue probably saved it from total destruction, as the old garden in front of the Reichstag was completelly oblitered in WW II.
The monument is composed by four other statues:
- kneeling Atlas which showing German's power,
- Siegfrid forging the imperial sword, showing industrial and military might,
- Germania suppressing discord and rebellion,
- Sybil reading the book of history.
As a child I had been taken to Berlin Zoo, on a few occasions so, although not a big fan of zoos generally, I decided it would be fun to have another look around and see if things had changed at all. Apart from the recent birth of an immensely popular little German, the baby polar bear Knut, nothing here seemed very different.
Knut fans old and young had crowded into the zoo in the hope of seeing him, but mostly this small, maybe 2 weeks old bear cub could only be seen via an outdoor screen. I'm not sure when exactly he was born but my brother seemed to think it must be several months ago - quite how long Berlin Zoo will profit from marketing him as a cute, cuddly bundle of white fluff, I don't know, but surely even a child will be able to work out that he must by now be a slightly yellowing, not-so cute, gangly, moody pubescent-bear? Anyway, there are the ubiquitous "I Heart Knut" t-shirts and keyrings and mugs and god knows what else everywhere for sale in Berlin, not only in the zoo.
Knut Update! - Spiegel.de
It costs an adult 11E to get into the zoo and 16E if you want to see the aquarium too. There are a couple of restaurants with pleasant outdoor areas serving hot and cold food and drinks.
Directions: Get off the train at "Zoo".
This monument is final home for 300.000 Russian soldiers killed in the liberation of Berlin. What went so wrong that such a huge number of young guys were lost on one side only? What kind of strategy or tactic was used to produce so many victims? How many colonels or generals were promoted and gloryfied after this battle? Did they wrotte 300.000 letters? Were it comfort for Stalin if the monument was built out of marble taken from Hitler's chancellory?
Its amazing what arrogancy could bring out from those who have ultimate power to order attack, no matter costs!
Next to Bahnhof Zoo you will find the oldest zoological garden of Germany (1844)
A gift by Friedrich Wilhelm IV.
The location is in the “Tiergarten” Park ( the names are little bit confusing ) – the greatest green area in the center of Berlin
The surface is about 350.000 square meters – quantity of animals about 20.000
and 1.500 different species
Next to the Zoo is the Aquarium. It will learn you more about the mystery of the waterworld . A colourful world of fish – coral lines and jellyfishes.
On the second floor you will see a world of reptiles – from snakes to crocodiles
On the upper floor – there is a show of insects
The area around Bahnhof Zoo had a bad reputation in the past ( read the book - Christiane F. Wir Kinder vom Bahnhof Zoo) but is now a popular spot for everybody.
The Zoo is without doubt a frequently visited place for old and young
Founded in 1844 by Prussian King William IV, the Zoologischer Garten is Europes oldest zoo. With 13,000 animals and 1,400 different species, the zoo is also one of the world's most popular. The nearby Aquarium opened in the 1930s.
You can visit both with a combined ticket (Euro 16.5)
Location : next to Zoo Station in the heart of the western city centre. I mentioned this name already a few times in my report : Budapester Strasse - near Tiergarten
Kim and I had a great time here - except the food and drinks, but this is another story, look at my restaurant page
Berlin Zoo is home to Skippy the kangaroo, Pretty Woman the gorilla and Kiri the elephant, to name just a few. Other attractions are the nocturnal animals and a pair of Chinese panda bears, although Yan-Yan's lack of sexual interest in her partner Bao-Bao has been talk of the town for years! During my visit Yan even didn’t show up.
I came upon this 42m tower in the Tiergarten and must confess I had no idea at the time what it was. I now know it’s a carillon and the largest musical instrument in Europe. The tower contains 68 bells the largest bell weighing 7.8 tonnes. The Carillonneur sits in cabin between the bells and plays the instrument with his fists and feet on a baton and pedal keyboard. Concerts are held on a regular basis throughout the year regardless of the weather and are free. Tours of the carillon are available after the concerts.
Address: John-Foster-Dulles Allee, Tiergarten, Berlin 10557
Tiergarten is a large, green park in the middle of Berlin, criss-crossed by ponds and small waterways, and lined by the River Spree to the north. Very Romantic Period, calm, yet not at all nostalgic.
It's in Tiergarten that I saw all the faces of Berlin coming together. It reminded me of Mont-Royal in Montreal, every Montrealer's mountain.
This path should lead to Rousseau Island... I went in circles a while before I found it. So much for Enlightenment!
I have already been to the Zoologischer Garten and decided I would visit Berlins other zoo the Tierpark Berlin-Friedrichsfelde. The Zoologischer Garten may be the oldest zoo in Germany and may have the largest collections of animals but the Tierpark Friedrichsfelde covers the largest area for a zoo in Europe at 160 hectares. The zoo came into existence because the Zoologischer Garten was in the western part of Berlin. So this zoo in the eastern part of Berlin was opened in the former grounds of the Friedrichsfelde Palace in 1955. The Palace has been renovated and has colourful well laid out gardens. There are spacious enclosures for the animals with a number of different animal houses around the park. After walking around for 5 hours and still not seeing all the exhibits I decided to try and find my way out. This zoo is so large that I spent the next 60 minutes trying to find an exit, so be warned.
Address: Am-Tierpark 125, 10319 Berlin-Lichtenberg
Directions: The U5 Tierpark Station is next to the zoo entrance
Phone: +49 (0) 30 51 53 10
This walk guides you from Zoo Station to Brandenburg Gate via Tiergarten Park, Victory Column and the Sovjet Monument. Length is approx. 2.5 miles or 4 km.
Alternatively, you can replace the Sovjet monument with Bellevue Palace and Haus der Kulturen der Welt (House of World Cultures), which would add another 200 yards or meters.
Start at Zoologischer Garten station. Zoo Station was West-Berlin's central station and made it into a variety of literature (Christiane F. - We Children from Bahnhof Zoo), rock songs (U2 - Zoo Station) and - mostly - sociological studies.
Cross Hardenbergplatz and turn left. At the end of Hardenberg Platz, there's a somewhat narrow way which will take you to Landwehrkanal, the canal, where Rosa Luxemburg was killed.
Turn right into Gartenufer and follow the canal. On the right hand side, you'll see a couple of the Zoo's enclosures, so this part of your walk will be accompanied by the twitter of some exotic birds (pic #1).
After maybe 200 yards/meters, there's a bridge that takes you across Landwehrkanal and into Tiergarten. There's a beer garden (with lousy service) at a nice pond if you already need a beer.
When you now stroll through Tiergarten, it's a good idea to choose smaller, narrower ways than the one I marked in pic#2. It's still pretty easy not to miss Victory Column, build in 1873 to commemorate the successful completion of the Victory Column ;-).
From there, you can turn right into Strasse des 17. Juni which name commemorates the 1953 revolt of East-Berliners against the GDR government.
Albeit you are still in the former western part of Berlin, you'll see the Sovjet Monument on the left.
Alternatively, you can cross the square at Victory Column and go down Spreeweg, which will provide you with a view over Bellevue Palace, the residence of the German President. Turn right into John-Forster-Dulles-Allee to see Haus der Kulturen der Welt (nick-named Pregnant Oyster), the Chancellory and Reichstag Building (pics # 3 & 4).
Directions: Four S-Bahn and two subway lines as well as a number of bus lines stop at Zoologischer Garten.
20-30 years ago each Soviet citizen who appeared in Berlin, visited Treptov park necessarily. Therefore we advise this traditional ritual to every russian people. The Soviet soldier bu Vutetich "with the saved girl in his hands". Amazes tolerance of Germans to attributes of socialist East Germany. To have in downtown two (in Tiergarten there is one more memorial) symbols of defeat in war - difficultly to imagine it. Monuments to overseas soldiers, certainly, humiliate Germans, but they still suffer it!
Park Tirgarten. Germans suited this huge park (three kilometers at length and kilometer at width) in the city centre. Once it was a warren where kurfursts hunted on hares, wild boars and deers. From the middle of the nineteenth century it became a place of walks and amusements. While we have mastered only that part of the park which is situated to the north of the prospectus of the Name on June, 17th. There is a lake Noue See and a set of fine lakes in its southern part . During the war the park was completely destroyed on fire wood and as a result bombardments. After the war Germans suited kitchen gardens here under potatoes and cabbage. Now it is set by trees and it is a lungs of the city.
The Berlin Zoo was opened in 1844 and is the oldest zoo in Germany and one of the largest in the world with nearly 15,000 animals, it is also one of the most popular attractions in Berlin with millions of visitors each year. The number one attraction is the Great Pandas of which the are only a few in captivity. As with all zoos there is a rolling program of renewing enclosures. There are beautiful landscaped gardens with plenty of places to have a drink or snack. A ticket to the zoo or aquarium costs 13 euros for each or 20 euros for a combined ticket for both.
Address: Hardenberplatz 8
Directions: U Bahn or S Bahn to Zoologischer Garten
Phone: +49 (0)30.25 40 10
The official German name for the park known as The Tiergarten is Großer Tiergarten, which helps to distinguish it from the district of the same name.
This huge park in central Berlin covers an area of some 520 acres roughly enclosed by the River Spree on its northern edge to the Tiergarten Str in the south, and from the Brandenburg Gate in the east to the zoo in the west.
The Straße des 17 Juni runs through the centre of the park from east to west, and where it meets the Großer Stern (Great Star) the Siegessaule seems to stand sentinel over the whole park around it.
It’s the second largest man made park in Germany (after the English Garden in Munich), and so it’s best not to underestimate its size before deciding on where to go.
What used to be a marshy hunting ground for the kings of Prussia, the area was turned into more formal pleasure grounds for the people of Berlin in the 17th and 18th centuries. This was when the wide avenues were constructed, plants and trees planted, and statues and monuments erected.
WWII took is toll of course, but since then, and with the help of unification, the park’s appearance is changing back to its original grandeur.
No doubt everyone has their own particular part of the park that they’re fond of, and I have to admit that I’ve seen nowhere near enough of it, but some of the features that are worth seeking out are the Siegessaule, Schloss Bellevue, the House of World Cultures, The Carillon, and the Soviet War Memorial.
We had a lot of fun with those Soviet War Memorials. When discussing where to go we could never agree on the itinary – because I spoke about the one in Treptower Park and hubby about the one in Tiergarten, near Brandenburger Tor, and all our travel guides only mentioned one – one or the other LOL Finally we compared the addresses, and when checking which was the correct one a receptionist at the hotel knew of both of them ;-) As we were both fixated on “our” memorials we went to both – and mine, the one in Treptower Park, clearly won the competition LOL
But I do not want to leave the memorial on Straße des 17. Juni, about 500 metres west of Brandenburger Tor, on the way to Siegessäule, without a short description, so you can decide yourself.
This memorial’s subtitle is “Spuren des Krieges” – Traces of the War. It is framed by the first two Russian tanks named Nos 200 and 300 to enter the city in 1945. Centre piece is a big statue of a soldier in arms, and a kind of memorial hall. It was erected in the summer and autumn of 1945 and inaugurated on 11 November 1945. The area includes the graves of 2500 Soviet soldiers who died during the battles in Berlin in April and May 1945. To the Russianss it symbolises the victory over fascism (Hitler’s National Socialism). In December 1990 the USSR handed the monument over to reunited Germany, and the state of Berlin looks after and maintains it.
It is said that the marble used for the monument came from Hitler’s chancellory, and more of it was used for the memorial in Treptower Park.
Address: Straße des 17. Juni
Directions: U-Bahn station Brandenburger Tor, S-Bahn station Unter den Linden, then about 500 metres walk
The Memorial to Homosexuals persecuted under Nazism is located in the Tiergarten Park, on the opposite side of the road from the Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe. It consists of a single stele 3.6m in height, and it has been erected slightly at an angle. There is a window in the memorial showing a repeating film of 2 men kissing. The film is going to alternate every two years with 2 women kissing. The memorial commenorates the 7000 men who lost their lives in Nazi Concentration Camps. Over 50,000 men were prosecuted under the Nazi law and sent to prison. Though the law did not cover women they were persecuted for same sex relationships, by the Nazis. The memorial was dedicated on the 27th May 2008 and it cost approximately 500,000 euros.
Address: Tiergarten Park
Directions: Across the road from the Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe