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Churches Tips (60)

Sankt Maria im Kapitol

Of Saint Mary in Capital is the largest of twelve Romanesque churches of Cologne. Emperor Claudius granted the status of city to Colonia (today's Cologne) in 50 AD. Shortly after, a Roman temple was built on this site in honor of the Capitoline Triad - Jupiter, Juno and Minerva. Some parts of the foundations of this temple survive today.
Roman pagan religion was outlawed by the end of IV century, and the temple would have fallen into disrepair. According to XII century sources, a church was first built over the temple site around 710 AD by Plektrudis (died in 717 AD).
This first church seems to have been a long hall church with rectangular foundations, probably using remnants of the temple, dedicated to the Virgin Mary. It was likely intended as a private foundation and Plektrudis was buried there.
Archbishop Bruno I of Cologne the youngest brother of Emperor Otto the Great died in 965 AD. Bruno bequeathed in his will 100 pounds of silver and other gifts to the Church of St. Mary "for the completion of the monastery and cloisters." This referred to a Benedictine convent that was added to the church at an unknown date.
The Church of St. Mary in Capital was built by Abbess Ida (died in 1060), granddaughter of Otto II and Theophanu (who is buried at St. Panteleon).
The altar was consecrated in 1049 by Pope Leo IX in the presence of numerous bishops and in 1065 completed church was consecrated by Archbishop Anno II. This church has survived more or less intact to this day.
Visitors are allowed to take noncommercial photos and videos without flash light and tripod.
Admission is free but any donations are welcomed and highly appreciated.
Open:
Monday - Saturday: 10:00 -18:00 hrs
Sunday: 13:00 -18:00 hrs.

Oleg_D.'s Profile Photo
Oleg_D.
Oct 31, 2014

Sankt Maria im Kapitol/Romanesque Cloister

When you visit Saint Mary in Capital Church you enter in through the wonderful Romanesque cloister or through its remains. Unfortunately upper floor hasn’t survived till nowadays and locals used ground floor as the basements for their apartments. Oh, lucky people I would eagerly got an apartment here. Just have a look and you will understand my sentiments!
Visitors are allowed to take noncommercial photos and videos without flash light and tripod.
Admission is free but any donations are welcomed and highly appreciated.
Open:
Monday - Saturday: 10:00 -18:00 hrs
Sunday: 13:00 -18:00 hrs.

Oleg_D.'s Profile Photo
Oleg_D.
Oct 31, 2014

Sankt Maria im Kapitol/Interioir

Interiors of the church were built in XII century and later reconstructed several times in XV and XVI centuries. That’s why we can see mixture of Byzantine, Romanesque and Gothic styles there. The Gates of Paradise were built in beginning of XVI century that’s why among the bas-relieves and statues we can see the figures of men-at-arms in typical for that period Maximillian armors. But the oldest artifact of this church is situated in southern isle. This is wooden gate with carved scenes showing full history of Jesus life. Get was made in 1065! So, have a look and make sure this church is “must see’ destination in Cologne.
Visitors are allowed to take noncommercial photos and videos without flash light and tripod.
Admission is free but any donations are welcomed and highly appreciated.
Open:
Monday - Saturday: 10:00 -18:00 hrs
Sunday: 13:00 -18:00 hrs.

Oleg_D.'s Profile Photo
Oleg_D.
Oct 31, 2014

Sankt Maria im Kapitol/Ambulatory and choir

The ambulatory and choir are accessed from either side of the altar. The side aisles continue around the apses. Everything remind here about Romanesque and Byzantine styles. Columns with plain capitals, spanned by narrow striped arches, support a clerestory level with round-headed windows. Pointed blind arches around the clerestory windows are the only non-Romanesque feature. Chapels fill the niches between the apses, which are usually protected by locked iron gates.
Visitors are allowed to take noncommercial photos and videos without flash light and tripod.
Admission is free but any donations are welcomed and highly appreciated.
Open:
Monday - Saturday: 10:00 -18:00 hrs
Sunday: 13:00 -18:00 hrs.

Oleg_D.'s Profile Photo
Oleg_D.
Oct 31, 2014
 
 
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Sankt Maria im Kapitol/Statues and tombs

Although church of Saint Mary in Capitol suffered Anglo-American bombardments during WW II it still have some statues made in XV century and survived till nowadays. Two Romanesque tombs of noble ladies made probably in XII centuries are also in the church. These tombs and statues are valuable source of information on the fashion and styles of XII-XV century and should be interesting for all researches of West European Middle Ages.
Visitors are allowed to take noncommercial photos and videos without flash light and tripod.
Admission is free but any donations are welcomed and highly appreciated.
Open:
Monday - Saturday: 10:00 -18:00 hrs
Sunday: 13:00 -18:00 hrs.
Kasinostrasse 6, 50676 Köln

Oleg_D.'s Profile Photo
Oleg_D.
Oct 31, 2014

Sankt Maria im Kapitol/Stained Glass Windows

There are at least three big Gothic Windows with wonderful Stained Glass Windows of XV century in the church of Saint Mary in Capitol. For all fans of medieval military history are especially interesting the figures of some donators, saints and warriors in armor of XV century. These stained glass windows are valuable source of information on West European arms and armor of second part of XV century.
Visitors are allowed to take noncommercial photos and videos without flash light and tripod.
Admission is free but any donations are welcomed and highly appreciated.
Open:
Monday - Saturday: 10:00 -18:00 hrs
Sunday: 13:00 -18:00 hrs.

Oleg_D.'s Profile Photo
Oleg_D.
Oct 31, 2014

Sankt Maria im Kapitol/Walking around

When you visit one of Twelve Romanesque churches of Cologne known as Saint Mary in Capital don’t forget to walk around that church. Reason for that is very simple. At Marienplatz in front of southern wall of the church you will find excellent Gothic Arch. When you pass through the arch in the church’s backyard and have a look at the back side of that arch you will find the scene of Adoration of Magi. Don’t miss your chance to familiarize with Medieval Cologne.

Oleg_D.'s Profile Photo
Oleg_D.
Oct 31, 2014

Sankt Maria in Lyskirchen

First mention about the church in Lyskirchen was documented in 948 A.D. Next time this church mentioned in the document belonged to Archbishop Anno in 1067. And present church dedicated to Saint Mary was built between 1190 and 1220. Vault frescos were added in 1250. Church was damaged by air raids of Royal Air Force during WW II but not so badly as many other Romanesque churches in Cologne. Postwar restoration started in 1947 and was totally accomplished only in 1989 when church’s walls received their original pink color. That’s why sometimes this church called the pink church. Although this church is the smallest of twelve Romanesque churches of Cologne it is on of “must see” places in that city.
Visitors are allowed to take noncommercial photos and videos without flash light and tripod.
Admission is free but any donations are welcomed and highly appreciated.
Open:
Monday - Saturday: 10:00-18:00 hrs.
Sunday: 10:00-16:00 hrs.

Oleg_D.'s Profile Photo
Oleg_D.
Oct 29, 2014
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"Beautiful Cologne"
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"Fabulous city with huge cultural heritage."
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"Koelsh, ja wohl"
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"Roman History, Magnificent Cathedral, and Kölsch"
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Sankt Maria in Lyskirchen/Interior

Interior of the Church of Saint Mary in Lyskirchen was mostly built up by 1260. Church was richly decorated buy the frescos, statues and icons. The panels of high altarpiece were painted by famous Flemish painter Joos Van Cleve. Unfortunately his paintings were sold in 1811. Church was suffered the flood in 1784 as the result its crypt was filled up. All baroque elements added in XVII and XVIII century were removed during the restoration of 1868-1879.
Visitors are allowed to take noncommercial photos and videos without flash light and tripod.
Admission is free but any donations are welcomed and highly appreciated.
Open:
Monday - Saturday: 10:00-18:00 hrs.
Sunday: 10:00-16:00 hrs.

Oleg_D.'s Profile Photo
Oleg_D.
Oct 29, 2014

Sankt Maria in Lyskirchen/Frescos

Although during WW II Church of Saint Mary in Lyskirchen was under Royal Air Force bombardments is suffered no so badly as many other churches of Cologne. That circumstance explained how could survive all frescos on the vaults. There unique frescos were painted in 1250 and so the scenes from the Holy Bible and stories of saints. These frescos were painted over during the reconstructions of XVII and XVIII centuries. All these frescoes were rediscovered during the restoration of 1868-1879 when all baroque elements were removed and church returned its previous Romanesque/Gothic appearance. After WW II frescos were restored in 1972-1977. These frescos are additional reason why this church is “must see” place in Cologne.
Visitors are allowed to take noncommercial photos and videos without flash light and tripod.
Admission is free but any donations are welcomed and highly appreciated.
Open:
Monday - Saturday: 10:00-18:00 hrs.
Sunday: 10:00-16:00 hrs.

Oleg_D.'s Profile Photo
Oleg_D.
Oct 29, 2014

Sankt Maria in Lyskirchen/Stained Glass Windows

Original Romanesque windows of the church of Saint Mary in Lyskirchen were replaced by gothic ones during the reconstruction of 1520-1530 when church got a lot of new gothic elements. At the same time these new gothic windows received stained glass windows. Some of them survived till nowadays despite of Royal Air Force bombardments during WW II. Today we can see stained glass windows showing the scene of crucifixion and many saints. For the people interested in medieval military and material history especially interesting is the stained glass window with Saint Gereon who is shown as the man-at-arm of first half of XVI century in the suit of full plate armor also known as Maximillian armor.
Visitors are allowed to take noncommercial photos and videos without flash light and tripod.
Admission is free but any donations are welcomed and highly appreciated.
Open:
Monday - Saturday: 10:00-18:00 hrs.
Sunday: 10:00-16:00 hrs.

Oleg_D.'s Profile Photo
Oleg_D.
Oct 29, 2014

Church of Saint Ursula

Collegiate Church of Saint Ursula was founded in 1135 at place where Christian martyrs were worshiped since the IV century A.D. on a Roman burial ground. At the Romanesque galleried basilica, an elongated Gothic choir was added in 1287. Church was dedicated and named after the Breton princess Ursula who according to the legends suffered martyrdom in Cologne together with 11000 virgin female companions. The original legend said only eleven virgins accompanied St. Ursula but the number grew over time, eventually up to 11000. The walls of the Golden Chamber are covered with bones. The exact number of people whose remains are in the Golden Chamber remains ambiguous but the number of skulls in the reliquary is greater than 11 and less than 11000. These remains were found in 1155 in a mass grave and were assumed to be those of the legend of St. Ursula and the 11000 virgins. Therefore, the church constructed the Golden Chamber to house the bones. So, everything depends on your personal faith. This church is one of twelve Romanesque Churches of Cologne and definitely is on of “must see” places.
Visitors are allowed to take noncommercial photos and videos without flash light and tripod.
Admission is free but any donations are welcomed and highly appreciated.
Admission to Golden Chamber is 3 Euros.
Opening times of the Church and Golden Chamber
from Monday through Saturday: 10:00 -12:00 and 15:00 – 17:00
Sunday: 15:00 -16:30 hrs.

Oleg_D.'s Profile Photo
Oleg_D.
Oct 27, 2014

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