„Yenidze is a strange name“ - I thought when I first heard it. It looked like Georgian word. Actually it is old cigarette factory, the name comes from former Ottoman Empire town. It was built in 1909, using architecture of mosques. The production of cigarettes continued till 1953, later it was Dresden tobacco association, nowadays here is restaurant, place for different events.
I have seen it from longer distance, but I believe it is reachable by foot from old town.
When we arrived in Dresden (from Berlin), the train passed at this totally out of Baroque style building which does not match anything in the city. First you might think of the Russian orthodox legacy, or a stone-turned content of a fairy-tale. The latter is closer to the look – as the dome is not orthodox onion-shaped but straighter mosque-like.
But it is all a little different, and the building has a very interesting history.
For a start, it is called Yenidze. DIE Yenidze. As you know, we have articles in German… ;-) To me Yenidze had sounded a bit more masculine, like DER Yenidze… ;-)
The name refers to the old name of the town of Giannitsa in Northern Greece – which was Yenidze and means “New Town”. It has been known for tobacco plantations for more than a hundred years. And there we are: This building in the style of a mosque was a cigarette fabric for many years, built from 1909 to 1912, run by the cigarette producer Hugo Zietz. The locals called the building “Tabakmoschee” – tobacco mosque.
Once Dresden produced 60 % of Germany’s cigarette production. The best-known brand was Salem – even I as a non-smoker remember it, as my grandfather used to smoke them.
After the war it did not take long to repair the damage, production started again in 1947 already, and from 1953 the Yenidze became the central tobacco office of GDR. After the reunification the building was thoroughly restored and redeveloped, and turned into an office complex. During the restoration the glass dome got back its original colours that had been replaced by uni-coloured glass after the War.
Under this dome there is a restaurant now, and in the basement you find the Märchen GmbH, a cultural place where they perform fairy-tales and more (Märchen = fairy-tale). On their website you can find their ever changing programme.
The building once caused heavy controversy, and the architect who dared to design it – a guy named Hermann Martin Hammitzsch - was excluded from Saxony’s conservative architects’ society!
The Yenidze was the world’s first reinforced concrete skeleton construction. The cleverest thing was to disguise the chimney stalk as a minaret, as they would not have allowed such an industrial chimney in the royal residence of Dresden at the time.
It is said the architect had the splendid Mameluk grave of Khair Bak in Cairo on his mind when he designed the Yenidze in this style-mixture of art-deco and moorish. The building has 600 windows. The dome is 20 metres high, and has a diametre of 17 metres.
The Yenidze is located near Marienbrücke, north of Neustadt, next to the Elbe river. You can spot it quite well from the many viewing towers in the city.
The green building you see next to it, just around the corner in Ostra-Allee, is Sächsische Zeitung which is Saxony’s leading newspaper. Remember the name – I write for them as a freelancer ;-)
Kuppelrestaurant in der Yenidze
Phone 0351-490 59 90
Fax 0351-490 59 92
Open daily 11am - 12midnight
1001 Märchen GmbH
Phone 0351- 495 1001
Fax 0351 - 495 1004
The building that looks like a mosque with its huge pointed dome and minaret, but it is no mosque and has never been. Jenidze was a factory that produced cigarettes. It was built in 1907-1912 for the “tobacco king” Hugo Zietz. Due to the Turkish-Arab origins of tobacco (or so they thought) the owners and architect chose the Middle Eastern style, covered the factory hall with a dome and turned the chimney into a minaret.
The factory has long been given up. The building is now mostly occupied by offices and gastronomy. A part of it, including the hall underneath the dome. is used for events, fairy-tale readings, exhibitions and concerts.
The oriental dome is a landmark in Dresden's skyline. The best view is from the train - right after crossing the Elbe bridge between Bahnhof Neustadt and Hauptbahnhof, from where you have hopefully enjoyed the panorama of the old town, look to the opposite site not to miss Yenidze, which is located next to the train tracks.
The Yenidze is one of Dresden’s more unusual buildings and certainly adds to the already impressive skyline. Built in 1908 in the form of a mosque it was originally a cigarette factory and was named after the company and derived from a city name in what is today Macedonia. Its architect Martin Hammitzsch came up with the tobacco mosque motif at the suggestion of the company’s owner, who was of Turkish descent. It was restored to its former glory in 1996 after some years of disuse and now is a multiuse facility housing offices, a restaurant with a fantastic view and a unique beer garden. But perhaps its most interesting aspect is in the basement where fairy tales are reenacted in the evening.
Jenidze is my favourite building (and beergarden!) in Dresden! The mosque-style building used to be a tobacco and cigarette factory. It was built between 1907 and 1909. The colourful dome today hosts a small theatre where actors and writers read out different fairytales in the evenings. Unfortunately we didn't have time for such an event, it would have been my favourite thing to do. Sounds soooo romantic. Anyway, we had a drink on the terrace of the building which is located right underneath the big dome inbetween all the little towers and spires. You get a nice view of Dresden Downtown from here but the nicest view you get when looking up: The dome of Yenidze!
This office mall was built in 1907-09 and was intended to look like a mosque in order to refer to the tobacco theme by Hugo Zietz who imported the smokes and made the packets of tobacco here. The building has an onion dome and minarets and colored chimneys. The dome is 66 feet high and the building has 600 windows. The building has had financial problems for years and now only has a disco in the basement.
It stands out on the horizon over by the Neustadt rail station
From the first sight, the building in the photo is mosque or something in this direction. But the aim of this building is much prosaically – it is the tobacco factory. The owner of the factory was Turkish and he had a big nostalgia about Turkey. That why he chose such an unusual architecture style for his factory.
Yenidze is a former factory for cigarettes and was built in 1909 by Martin Hammitzsch in oriental style. The name come from a town called “Genissea” in the former Ottoman Empire. Today Yenidze houses offices, a discotheque and a restaurant.
One day, when out and about taking photos, Borte zoomed her camera lens in on what looked like a mosque (and Borte loves Islamic architecture, so it caught her attention), but it had a word “Yenidze” on it, and we had never seen a mosque with a word written on it, and so large. So Borte was curious.
When we bought a booklet about Dresden, we saw a photo of the building in the booklet, and we were shocked to find out that the building was once a cigarette factory. A mosque-shaped cigarette factory?
Was it always a cigarette factory? Is it a mosque now? Was it once a mosque and converted into a cigarette factory? We needed to do more research.
After more research, this is what we ound out:
Yenidze is the name of a former cigarette factory building in Dresden, Saxony, Germany. Yenidze is the name of a tobacco growing region of Giannitsa in modern day Greece whose former Turkish name was Yenidze.
The Yenidze cigarette company existed since 1886, but this building was built between 1907 and 1909.
Architect Martin Hammitzsch was asked to build a factory to fulfil a special prerequisite: to design a factory that looked like a mosque. In that time in central Dresden, it was prohibited to build factory premises which could be easily identified as factories.
The owner, Hugo Zietz, came up with the idea to design the factory in the style of a mosque.
The "Oriental" style of architecture was chosen to publicise the origin of the tobacco.
Zietz sold the factory about 15 years later.
The building was restored in 1996 and is now an office building.
We were shocked that this mosque shaped building was once a cigarette factory. We were wondering what do Muslims think of a mosque shaped cigarette factory-turned-office building?
Yenidze has its own website: http://www.yenidze.eu/en/yenidze/history/#.Vk5tPEvovmI
Lines S1 and S2 / Tram: 1, 2, 3 and 10 from Dresden Mitte go to this building.
This building resembles a mosque with its dome-like cupola, though it has been a factory in former times. The architecture is interesting. It serves as a cultural centre - inside the cupola, cultural events, readings etc. take place.
The old tabacco contor is a bit off the beaten path. I really think it's the most fascinating building in Dresden as it's so unusual. You seem to be in the orient there...
Nowadays its mainly an office building. Under the green cuppola you will find a restaurant and a theater, showing fairy tales....
Yenidze is not in the old town. We passed it on our tram on the way into the centre and went to visit it later.
Yenidze is a former cigarette factory building. It was built between 1907 and 1909 by the architect Martin Hammitzsch.
The Yenidze Cigarette Factory was set up by Jewish entrepreneur Hugo Zietz. He called it Yenidze as that was the name of the place he imported tobacco from. The building has an Oriental style of architecture with its chimneys resembling minarets. It is sometimes nicknamed the tobocco mosque.
Yenidze was restored in 1996 and is now an office building.