This noclassical building was built between 1834-1838 as the palace of the first kings. The monument of the unknown Soldier, with the two guards, called "Evzoni", who are the presidential guards. The change of the guard is every hour and it is very famous
Located in Syntagma Square, the Parliament building still serves as the seat of the Hellenic Parliament and contains various offices of the government. In front of this building, many political rallies and events have occured since the building was erected in 1840. It has undergone many changes since then, the result of which is a beautiful building in the heart of Athens.
Syntagma Square means "constitution square". It got this moniker from its long and storied history.
Long ago Greece was controlled by Turkey, but they were overthrown and Otto of Bavaria was installed as the leader. However, his government was as corrupt as the one before it, so the people rose up again. Two soldiers, Dimitrios Kallerges and Ioannes Makriyannis, together with the support of the British, drove to their troops into Syntagma Square, in front of the Parliament and demanded the king ousted and the production of a constitution within thirty days. Hence the name constitution, or Syntagma Square.
Syntagma (Constitution) Square is arguably Athens' most central focus and with its magnificent Metro station is the hub of the city's public transport system with connections to lines 2 and 3 of the Metro and to the bus and tram system. The square itself is an Island in the midst of the Athens traffic and is a popular meeting place for Athenians and visitors alike.
This, like the nearby Monastiraki, is a great place to sit in one of the terraced cafes with a cold beer and just watch the world go by - though beware that a beer will be about 5 euros and a coffee at least 3!
The square is also a free Wi-Fi zone provided by the city municipality.
The centre of Athens is actually quite small, thinking of a tourist's point of view. The most significant sights are inside a triangle of three squares; Monastiraki, Omonia and Syndagma Square pictured here.
Syndagma Square is the center of Athens and also the location of the Greek Parliament building. On the square area there are located several embassies, ministries, large companies offices, banks and luxury hotels. Syndagma Square is also the center of tourism in Athens as many major travel offices are located on the surrounding area.
Syntagma is undoubtedly one of the top must see activities. Named after the constitution that the people of Athens demanded demonstrating in front of the palace on September 3rd 1843, Syntagma is the very heart of the city.The dominant building of the square is of course the Greek Parliament. This imposing structure is the most prominent neoclassical building of Athens and it was built in the period 1836-1842 to house the royal palace and residence of Greece's first king,Otto. Yet,since 1924 it houses the Greek parliament. Don't miss to visit the parliament's precious exhibits that include the first Greek constitution and many valuable paintings but also a large library.
Syntagma Square is the heart of of modrn city.it’s the main area in Athens with wireless internet access cover and many shopping streets and centers around(like Ermou st.).The first king’s palace built in 1834,is to the east of the square,which is now the greek parliament.it’s the monument,which remind the 1834’s demonstrations which led to the first constitution from king Otto.in front of the palace,there is the raised desighn and a monument of an unknown soldier.there you can see changing the guard ceremony every 20 minutes too.
When you visit the city's main square you will find tanding at the top, Parliament, formerly the royal palace, completed in 1838 for the new monarchy. The best feature of the building is the stone's magical change of color from off-white to gold to rosy mauve as the day progresses. Here you can watch the changing of the Evzone guard at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier -- in front of Parliament on a lower level -- which takes place at intervals throughout the day.
The Greek Parliament building was actually the former Palace of the Kings which was built between 1834-1838. This three-storey building is constructed of pentelic marble and limestone.
In front of the Parliament building lies a monument dedicated to the "Unknown Soldier". The monument is guarded, day and night, by the Evzones.
The Syntagma Square has a broad sloping area which has in its upper reaches the former Royal Palace, now called the Parliament Building. Below this is a parade ground containing the Unknown Solider. Here a pair of soldiers stand on guard dressed in the typical Evzones dress. These National Guards are changed each hour. On Sunday at 11AM there is a changing of the Guard ceremony as well. The secod part of the square continues below the metro. There is a memorial statue and fountains at the upper edge while the large square is surrounded by staid benches which are minimally used. Before 2000, the area was covered by outdoor cafes with lounge chairs at which to drink and eat.. The good old days are gone. On the north side of the square are the ancient fine hotels, the King George and the Grande Bretagne. The south and east side of the square are occupied by commercial buildings and their busy streets of traffic.
In 1843, the current House of Parliament (also known as Vouli) was built. It used to be the palace for the imported and very impopular King Otto Wittlesback. He was 17 years old, German and son of Ludwig von Bayern.
Due to a lack of money of the king, architect Friedrich von Gartner, started to complain that the building wasn´t as beautiful as he planned it to be. He had planned lots of decorations on the walls and the roof. But because of this reason the palace stayed the way it is now: a straight, solemn building.
The palace had 365 rooms and only one bathroom. This was covered by weeds and cockroaches, so it wasn´t really a nice place to live in. The palace was abandoned soon.
In 1910 the building was adapted to become the House of Parliament for the new Greek government. Today it still has this function: it shelters the National Meetinghall, the archives and lots of services and offices.
In front of the Parliament you´ll find the Grave of the Unknown Soldier.
You will get a treat when you enter some metro stations in downtown Athens because during the excavation & construction works, they uncovered many underground buildings, artifacts and other priceless items from the past. These items were restored and displayed at the metro stations where they were found.
The Syntagma Square metro station holds a secret about the third river that flowed in Athens. Currently only two rivers flow, Kifisós and Ilissus rivers, but during the excavation, they found the dry riverbed of Eridanos River, which used to flow from Lycavittos Hill. You will see this through a glass wall of the metro station, including ancient graves from Ancient Greek, Byzatine period & Early Christian time on top of the other.
Admission is FREE!