Short introduction to the city's history.
Favorite thing: Thessaloniki was founded in 315 B.O.T by Cassander, king of Macedonia. He named the city after his wife, half-sister of Alexander the Great.
Cassander’s selection of position has by time and history proven to be extremely successful. Due to its location on the Via Egnatia (the road connecting Dyrrhachium [nowadays Durrës] with Byzantium), Thessaloniki has always been a crossroads where people of different religious and cultural origins have met and coexisted for shorter or longer periods of time. During the Byzantine era, there were periods when Thessaloniki was the second most important city after Constantinople, the “First after the First”, as Byzantine writers called it.
In 1204 it was captured by the troops of the Fourth Crusade It then shifted hands a few times until it was conquered by the Ottoman sultan Murad II on 29 March 1430.
During the Ottoman occupation, Thessaloniki retained its importance, being the largest urban centre in the European part of the Ottoman Empire. It also became a trade hub, its importance mostly in the fields of shipping and manufacturing. Furthermore the city became the centre of a district, called sanjak, a position it held up to the First Balkan War in 1912 when it was captured by Greece.
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The Double-headed Eagle.
Favorite thing: The double-headed eagle is common in heraldry. It is now being used by several Slavic nations after having adopted it from the Byzantine Empire.
In the Byzantine heraldry, the heads represented the Emperor showing that he had the authority over both secular and religious matters. It also represented the two parts of the Roman Empire, where Byzantium was the eastern half.
Double-headed eagles have been present in imagery for millennia. They can be found in archaeological remains as far back in time as to the Hittite civilization, dating around 1600 B.O.T.Add to your Trip Planner
How to find the objects.
Favorite thing: I have put links to Google Map in my tips to make it easier to find the objects mentioned, when possible to get the right position. The links are marked in italics. Unfortunately Google Map isn't very precise and too often points to other buildings than the wanted one.Add to your Trip Planner
Cheap flights to Thessaloniki and some facts
Favorite thing: 1-Greece is in Eu so no need for visa from Eu members
2- cheap flights to Thessaloniki are Rynanair and easy jet
3-In my viewpoint best season is spring and fall to visit Thessaloniki
4-Thessaloniki Locals ar eone of the most friendly in Greece
5-Airport is very small in 30 min you in the city centre,the ticket cost 0.80 cent Euro,goes twice per hour,bus number 78 in service 24/7
6-The currecny in Greece is Euro
7- beer at bar cost form 5 to 7 euros,hard drinks 7 and above
Fondest memory: Friendly peopleAdd to your Trip Planner
ARCH OF GALERIUS (KAMARA)
Favorite thing: The arch of Galerius stands on Egnatia and Dimitriou Gounari streets. The arch was built in 305 AD to celebrate the victory of Galerius over the Persians.The structure was an octopylon (8 pillared gateway) forming a triple arch.Related to:
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