Pantheon, Rome

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  • machomikemd's Profile Photo

    Famous Roman Temple: Inside View 4

    by machomikemd Written Jun 8, 2016

    final part of my tips with more pictures of the inside and some of the famous personalites buried here

    The Famous Pantheon in Rome holds the distinction of being the best preserved Roman Temple (dedicated to every roman god) and oldest Roman Catholic Church in Rome. This famous architecture was originally built in 12 AD by Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, a Roman General and was finished by Emperor Hadrian by 128 AD and was supposedly dedicated to all the Roman Gods (Pan-every Theon-divinity), The Temple is now a Roman Catholic Church since 609 when Pope Boniface IV converted it into one, honoring the Virgin Mary and the Early Christian Martys (Chiesa Santa Maria Rotonda).

    The church and roman structure is one of the most copied biggest brick dome all over the world (of which this structure has no metal rebars for support whatsoever, hence there is an oculus or hole in the middle that stabilizes the structure eventhough there are no rebars for support and has the distinction of world's largest unreinforced concrete dome.

    The Pantheon is not only a Roman Catholic church but is also famous for burials as it has bones of some of the early Christian martys underneath it and also famous Italian Personalities such as the famous Reniassance Artist Raffaele Santi, Annibale Carracci, Arcangelo Corelli, Reunified Italy Kings Vittorio Emanuele II and Umberto I and Queen Margherita (of the Pizza Margherita fame).

    The Pantheon is open:

    Monday to Saturday: 9:00 am to 7:30 pm
    Sunday: 8:00 am to 6:30 pm

    admission is free

    Address: Piazza della Rotonda, 00186 Roma, Italy

    Directions: Piazza della Rotonda, 00186 Roma, Italy

    Phone: +39 06 68300230

    Website: http://www.polomusealelazio.beniculturali.it/index.php?it/232/pantheon

    king vittorio emmanuele tomb
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  • machomikemd's Profile Photo

    Famous Roman Temple: Inside View 3

    by machomikemd Written Jun 8, 2016

    again, more pictures of the inside and some of the famous personalites buried here

    The Famous Pantheon in Rome holds the distinction of being the best preserved Roman Temple (dedicated to every roman god) and oldest Roman Catholic Church in Rome. This famous architecture was originally built in 12 AD by Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, a Roman General and was finished by Emperor Hadrian by 128 AD and was supposedly dedicated to all the Roman Gods (Pan-every Theon-divinity), The Temple is now a Roman Catholic Church since 609 when Pope Boniface IV converted it into one, honoring the Virgin Mary and the Early Christian Martys (Chiesa Santa Maria Rotonda).

    The church and roman structure is one of the most copied biggest brick dome all over the world (of which this structure has no metal rebars for support whatsoever, hence there is an oculus or hole in the middle that stabilizes the structure eventhough there are no rebars for support and has the distinction of world's largest unreinforced concrete dome.

    The Pantheon is not only a Roman Catholic church but is also famous for burials as it has bones of some of the early Christian martys underneath it and also famous Italian Personalities such as the famous Reniassance Artist Raffaele Santi, Annibale Carracci, Arcangelo Corelli, Reunified Italy Kings Vittorio Emanuele II and Umberto I and Queen Margherita (of the Pizza Margherita fame).

    The Pantheon is open:

    Monday to Saturday: 9:00 am to 7:30 pm
    Sunday: 8:00 am to 6:30 pm

    admission is free

    Address: Piazza della Rotonda, 00186 Roma, Italy

    Directions: Piazza della Rotonda, 00186 Roma, Italy

    Phone: +39 06 68300230

    Website: http://www.polomusealelazio.beniculturali.it/index.php?it/232/pantheon

    king umberto 1
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  • machomikemd's Profile Photo

    Famous Roman Temple: Inside View 2

    by machomikemd Written Jun 8, 2016

    more pictures of the inside and some of the famous personalites buried here

    The Famous Pantheon in Rome holds the distinction of being the best preserved Roman Temple (dedicated to every roman god) and oldest Roman Catholic Church in Rome. This famous architecture was originally built in 12 AD by Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, a Roman General and was finished by Emperor Hadrian by 128 AD and was supposedly dedicated to all the Roman Gods (Pan-every Theon-divinity), The Temple is now a Roman Catholic Church since 609 when Pope Boniface IV converted it into one, honoring the Virgin Mary and the Early Christian Martys (Chiesa Santa Maria Rotonda).

    The church and roman structure is one of the most copied biggest brick dome all over the world (of which this structure has no metal rebars for support whatsoever, hence there is an oculus or hole in the middle that stabilizes the structure eventhough there are no rebars for support and has the distinction of world's largest unreinforced concrete dome.

    The Pantheon is not only a Roman Catholic church but is also famous for burials as it has bones of some of the early Christian martys underneath it and also famous Italian Personalities such as the famous Reniassance Artist Raffaele Santi, Annibale Carracci, Arcangelo Corelli, Reunified Italy Kings Vittorio Emanuele II and Umberto I and Queen Margherita (of the Pizza Margherita fame).

    The Pantheon is open:

    Monday to Saturday: 9:00 am to 7:30 pm
    Sunday: 8:00 am to 6:30 pm

    admission is free

    Address: Piazza della Rotonda, 00186 Roma, Italy

    Directions: Piazza della Rotonda, 00186 Roma, Italy

    Phone: +39 06 68300230

    Website: http://www.polomusealelazio.beniculturali.it/index.php?it/232/pantheon

    raphael santi tomb
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  • machomikemd's Profile Photo

    Famous Roman Temple: Inside View 1

    by machomikemd Written Jun 8, 2016

    pictures of the inside and some of the famous personalites buried here

    The Famous Pantheon in Rome holds the distinction of being the best preserved Roman Temple (dedicated to every roman god) and oldest Roman Catholic Church in Rome. This famous architecture was originally built in 12 AD by Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, a Roman General and was finished by Emperor Hadrian by 128 AD and was supposedly dedicated to all the Roman Gods (Pan-every Theon-divinity), The Temple is now a Roman Catholic Church since 609 when Pope Boniface IV converted it into one, honoring the Virgin Mary and the Early Christian Martys (Chiesa Santa Maria Rotonda).

    The church and roman structure is one of the most copied biggest brick dome all over the world (of which this structure has no metal rebars for support whatsoever, hence there is an oculus or hole in the middle that stabilizes the structure eventhough there are no rebars for support and has the distinction of world's largest unreinforced concrete dome.

    The Pantheon is not only a Roman Catholic church but is also famous for burials as it has bones of some of the early Christian martys underneath it and also famous Italian Personalities such as the famous Reniassance Artist Raffaele Santi, Annibale Carracci, Arcangelo Corelli, Reunified Italy Kings Vittorio Emanuele II and Umberto I and Queen Margherita (of the Pizza Margherita fame).

    The Pantheon is open:

    Monday to Saturday: 9:00 am to 7:30 pm
    Sunday: 8:00 am to 6:30 pm

    admission is free

    Address: Piazza della Rotonda, 00186 Roma, Italy

    Directions: Piazza della Rotonda, 00186 Roma, Italy

    Phone: +39 06 68300230

    Website: http://www.polomusealelazio.beniculturali.it/index.php?it/232/pantheon

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  • machomikemd's Profile Photo

    Famous Roman Temple: Oculus

    by machomikemd Written Jun 8, 2016

    this will be the view of the famous oculus of the Pantheon

    The Famous Pantheon in Rome holds the distinction of being the best preserved Roman Temple (dedicated to every roman god) and oldest Roman Catholic Church in Rome. This famous architecture was originally built in 12 AD by Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, a Roman General and was finished by Emperor Hadrian by 128 AD and was supposedly dedicated to all the Roman Gods (Pan-every Theon-divinity), The Temple is now a Roman Catholic Church since 609 when Pope Boniface IV converted it into one, honoring the Virgin Mary and the Early Christian Martys (Chiesa Santa Maria Rotonda).

    The church and roman structure is one of the most copied biggest brick dome all over the world (of which this structure has no metal rebars for support whatsoever, hence there is an oculus or hole in the middle that stabilizes the structure eventhough there are no rebars for support and has the distinction of world's largest unreinforced concrete dome.

    The Pantheon is not only a Roman Catholic church but is also famous for burials as it has bones of some of the early Christian martys underneath it and also famous Italian Personalities such as the famous Reniassance Artist Raffaele Santi, Annibale Carracci, Arcangelo Corelli, Reunified Italy Kings Vittorio Emanuele II and Umberto I and Queen Margherita (of the Pizza Margherita fame).

    The Pantheon is open:

    Monday to Saturday: 9:00 am to 7:30 pm
    Sunday: 8:00 am to 6:30 pm

    admission is free

    Address: Piazza della Rotonda, 00186 Roma, Italy

    Directions: Piazza della Rotonda, 00186 Roma, Italy

    Phone: +39 06 68300230

    Website: http://www.polomusealelazio.beniculturali.it/index.php?it/232/pantheon

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  • machomikemd's Profile Photo

    Famous Roman Temple: Outside View

    by machomikemd Written Jun 8, 2016

    The Famous Pantheon in Rome holds the distinction of being the best preserved Roman Temple (dedicated to every roman god) and oldest Roman Catholic Church in Rome. This famous architecture was originally built in 12 AD by Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, a Roman General and was finished by Emperor Hadrian by 128 AD and was supposedly dedicated to all the Roman Gods (Pan-every Theon-divinity), The Temple is now a Roman Catholic Church since 609 when Pope Boniface IV converted it into one, honoring the Virgin Mary and the Early Christian Martys (Chiesa Santa Maria Rotonda).

    The church and roman structure is one of the most copied biggest brick dome all over the world (of which this structure has no metal rebars for support whatsoever, hence there is an oculus or hole in the middle that stabilizes the structure eventhough there are no rebars for support and has the distinction of world's largest unreinforced concrete dome.

    The Pantheon is not only a Roman Catholic church but is also famous for burials as it has bones of some of the early Christian martys underneath it and also famous Italian Personalities such as the famous Reniassance Artist Raffaele Santi, Annibale Carracci, Arcangelo Corelli, Reunified Italy Kings Vittorio Emanuele II and Umberto I and Queen Margherita (of the Pizza Margherita fame).

    The Pantheon is open:

    Monday to Saturday: 9:00 am to 7:30 pm
    Sunday: 8:00 am to 6:30 pm

    admission is free

    Address: Piazza della Rotonda, 00186 Roma, Italy

    Directions: Piazza della Rotonda, 00186 Roma, Italy

    Phone: +39 06 68300230

    Website: http://www.polomusealelazio.beniculturali.it/index.php?it/232/pantheon

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  • solopes's Profile Photo

    Heavy. old and respectfull

    by solopes Updated May 21, 2016

    2.5 out of 5 starsHelpfulness

    I thought it could be a lie, but it isn't. Of course it’s old. Two thousand years…? With such architecture?

    Let me collect some details from internet:

    "The portico consists of three rows of eight columns, 14 m (46 feet) high of Egyptian granite with Corinthian capitals. They support an entablature facing the square, which bears the famous inscription in Latin, attributing the construction to Agrippa, although the extant temple was rebuilt later by Hadrian.

    The dome has a span of 43.2 m (142 feet), the largest dome until Brunelleschi's dome at the Florence Cathedral of 1420-36.

    The interior volume is a cylinder above which springs the half sphere of the dome. A whole sphere can be inscribed in the interior volume, with the diameter at the floor of the cylinder of 43.3 m (143 feet) equaling the interior height.

    Five rows of twenty-eight square coffers of diminishing size radiate from the central unglazed oculus with a diameter of 8.7 m (29 feet) at the top of the dome.

    The dome is constructed of stepped rings of solid concrete with less and less density as lighter aggregate (pumice) is used, diminishing in thickness to about 1.2 m (4 feet) at the edge of the oculus. The dome rests on a cylinder of masonry walls 6 m (20 feet). Hidden voids and the interior recesses hollow out this construction, so that it works less as a solid mass and more like three continuous arcades which correspond to the three tiers of relieving arches visible on the building exterior. Originally, these exterior walls were faced with colored marbles."
    http://www.greatbuildings.com/buildings/Pantheon.html

    Watching such an harmonious building...would you believe?

    Rome- Pantheon Rome- Pantheon Rome- Pantheon Rome- Pantheon
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  • xaver's Profile Photo

    Temple of all gods

    by xaver Written Oct 7, 2015

    3.5 out of 5 starsHelpfulness

    Before the current Pantheon was built, two other buildings occupied the same site. The first one was a temple dedicated to the gods of mars and venus and it burned down in 80 ac. It was rebuilt by Domitian but, in 110 it burned down again.
    In 118 emperor Hadrian decided that the Pantheon should have been built again but this time in a circular design. This is the version that still stands. The most impressive part of the building is the dome more than 43 meters high, it has been the largest dome of the world untill 1436 when the cathedral in Florence was built.

    Pantheon
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  • Maurizioago's Profile Photo

    The Pantheon.

    by Maurizioago Updated Apr 13, 2015

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    This well preserved Roman (ex) temple was built by Augustus' son in law Marcus Vespasianus Agrippa in 27 B. C. Between 118 and 125 A. D. it was completely rebuilt by Hadrian. It was dedicated to all the gods. After other restorations it fell in a state of neglect until 608, when it was given by emperor Phocas to pope Boniface VIII who turned it into the church of Saint Mary and Marthyrs.

    The Pantheon is 43 meters both in diameter and in height. The only source of light inside this building is a hole on its dome.

    It is the resting place of several important Italians. Among them here are buried king Vittorio Emanuele II, queen Margherita and Raffaello (painter).

    Address: Piazza della Rotonda.

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  • Jefie's Profile Photo

    The mother of all Roman temples

    by Jefie Updated Nov 24, 2014

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    We visited the Pantheon on our second day in Rome so of course we were impressed, but we probably would have been just as impressed had it been our second to last day. The Pantheon as it stands now was rebuilt under Hadrian in 126 AD. The large (43-m-wide) circular building is topped by an unreinforced concrete dome, still the largest of its kind in the world still standing after nearly 2000 years. In the Middle Ages, the Pantheon was converted into a Catholic church, and since we were there on a Sunday we got to see mass being celebrated. It must be hard to pay attention to the celebration while a huge throng of tourists is gathering behind you near the entrance, but then again I'm guessing it must all be part of the experience of attending Sunday mass at the Pantheon. During the Renaissance, the Pantheon also became a tomb for notable Italians; only a few people have been buried at the Pantheon, the most famous one being the painter and sculptor Raphael. After mass was over, we got to walk around the Pantheon (admission is free). I think I was as equally impressed with the beautifully well-preserved marble interior of the building as I was with the size of the crowd (it was, after all, only my second day in Rome). One thing I thought was interesting was that the only light in the building came through the main doors and also through the oculus, an opening located at the very top of the dome. There was plenty of natural light when we were there, but I'd be curious to see what it looks like on an overcast day, or better yet, to see how wet and slippery it gets on a rainy day!

    Address: Piazza della Rotunda

    Directions: Slightly northwest of Rome's city centre

    Phone: 39 06 6830 0230

    Website: http://www.pantheonroma.com/en/home.html

    Rome's one and only Pantheon Piazza della Rotunda, in front of the Pantheon The Pantheon's circular interior Tomb of King Umberto I at the Pantheon View of the Pantheon's front doors and oculus
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  • Where Chic started-the Pantheon

    by shellirice Written Nov 3, 2014

    The blending of the colors and hues of gold, cream, bronze, gray, black together with pillars of marble, statues, inscriptions-all illuminated the fifth day of our first visit to Rome. If you think you've seen old Rome up until now then just stand in the middle of the Pantheon with the beam of light from the dome and look around you. Take it slow walking inside. Examine the structure according to the info you read on line. The door, the sections, the flooring. After we walked around the inside and checked the contents from each direction we walked around the outside perimeters and stood at a distance in the front square. Amazing, stimulating and impressive. Enjoy.

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  • GracesTrips's Profile Photo

    Pantheon Near Piazza Navona

    by GracesTrips Updated Nov 2, 2014

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    I didn't find an official website for the Pantheon but did find some helpful information. Entrance is free to the public. The general hours are Monday-Saturday from 9am to 7:30pm and Sunday from 9am to 5:30pm. The Pantheon is a church so they do have services there. There is no metro nearby the Pantheon. You could take a bus but probably the best way is to walk. At least when you get there, you can relax at the Piazza Navona just west of the Pantheon (signs should be posted).

    Besides the architectural awe of a building built in 27 BC (oldest church in Rome), the Pantheon is also a mausoleum of the royal family and renaissance artists.

    Below is the link to a live webcam at the Pantheon!

    Address: Piazza della Rotonda, 12, 00186 Roma, Italy

    Website: http://81.208.34.15/dynamicindex/camera.html

    Front view of the Pantheon Inside the Pantheon The Dome in the Pantheon
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  • SELVA73's Profile Photo

    A thousand of things to do and see

    by SELVA73 Updated Jun 15, 2014

    The churches: Basilica Sta. Maria Sopra Minerva; Basilica di San Pedro; San Carlo alle 4 Fontane; San Paolo Fuori Mura; San Pietro In Vincoli; Santa Maria della Vitoria; Sta. Maria Maggiore; Sta. Maria in Cosmedin; Sta. Andrea all Quirinale; Sta.Cecilia in Trastevere
    The monuments: The Collosseum, Casteglio St. Angelo, The Forum; The Panteon;
    Others: la Bocca della Verità, The Sixtine Chapel, La Cripta dei Capuccini; il Colosso de Constantino;
    The places: Vaticano, Mercato de Campo dei Fiori;Piazza del Campidoglio; Piazza del Popolo; Piazza Navona; Piazza Spagna, Trastevere; Villa Giulia; Vittore emmanuelle monument
    The Museums: Vaticano Museum, Museo Palazzo Massimo Alle Terme; Musei Capitolini;
    The fountains: La fonte delle Tarterugghe; La fontana di Trevi,

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  • brendareed's Profile Photo

    Pantheon - tomb of Raphael

    by brendareed Updated Jun 2, 2014

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    On the left side of the Pantheon as you enter from the main entrance is the tomb of the great Renaissance artist Raphael. Most likely you have seen some of his works during your tour of the Vatican Museums – he only has four rooms dedicated to his works (“The Raphael Rooms”) and his most famous work, The School of Athens draws crowds to view it.

    Raphael died young – age 37 – after living a rather full and happy life as a celebrated court painter. Unlike his contemporary Michelangelo, Raphael did not hesitate to enjoy fine food, fine wine, and fine women; in fact, the Renaissance biographer Vasari claims that Raphael’s death was due to an excess of pleasure (I’ll let you figure out which pleasure). Raphael became ill but remained on this earth long enough to understand his plight, put his affairs in order, receive last rites, and dictate his will. One of the points in his will was that he requested to be buried in the Pantheon.

    So here he lies in this glorious building that inspired another Renaissance artist and architect to complete the cathedral in Florence. His funeral was large and grand – he was a popular person in Rome and his death was seen as a huge loss. The inscription on his marble sarcophagus reads: Here lies that famous Raphael by whom Nature feared to be conquered while he lived, and when he was dying, feared herself to die.

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    Pantheon - temple to all the gods

    by brendareed Written Jun 2, 2014

    3.5 out of 5 starsHelpfulness

    In Rome, the Pantheon, so great within and without, has overwhelmed me with admiration.
    Goethe, 1786

    The Pantheon began in 27 BC as a temple to all the gods, later to become a secular monument, closed by the Christian emperors because it was a temple to other gods, only to return to church status and consecrated as a Christian church in AD 609. Pillaged by the Goths, then the Byzantines, it was later pillaged by the Catholic church – Pope Urban VIII took the bronze ceiling and had it melted down and turned into the baldacchino that is over the high altar in St. Peter’s Basilica and cannons for the Castel Sant’Angelo. Future popes made attempts to restore and upgrade the Pantheon.

    The Pantheon is a perfectly proportioned building with the height and the diameter of the circular interior being the same measurement: 43.3 meters (142 feet). It is basically a sphere that sits inside a cylinder (think of it as a ball that perfectly fits into a can). At the top of the structure is a round opening to let in the natural light – the oculus – which also lets in the natural wet. On my visit to the Pantheon, I learned that the floor is sloped and there are drainage holes to allow the rain water to drain off the floor. It is a massive space once inside – there were many people there during my visit and yet it still seemed empty.

    The method of constructing the dome of the Pantheon was lost when the Roman Empire fell, leaving architects to ponder how to create a similar dome – consider the plight of the Florentines who lived with a dome-less cathedral for more than 100 years until Brunelleschi visited Rome, studied the Pantheon, and returned to build the now famous double shelled dome on the Florence Cathedral.

    The Pantheon’s interior is round with several recesses. It houses an altar and several tombs, including Vittorio Emanuele II, the first king of Italy, and the master painter Raphael, who requested to be buried in the Pantheon.
    On the outside of the Pantheon, the portico is home to 16 huge Corinthian columns. Above the entrance to the portico are the following words: "M. AGRIPPA.L.F.COSTERTIUM.FECIT” which mean “Marcus Agrippa son of Lucius, having been consul three times made it”. Agrippa didn’t really make the Pantheon but rather the earlier structure in that spot; Hadrian, when rebuilding the Pantheon after the earlier one burned down, had the inscription put on the building in honor of Marcus Agrippa.

    Horse-drawn carriages line up outside the Pantheon in hopes of picking up a tourist to take for a ride (for a fee). It is a crowded piazza – and typically where there are lots of tourists, there are scammers and pickpockets. So be careful as you enjoy the Pantheon.

    The Pantheon rents an audio guide for visitors; however, Hubby and I both downloaded the free Rick Steves’ audio guide from iTunes before we left, which gave us a good overview of the Pantheon starting with the outside and the moving into the interior. While not always a fan of Rick Steves, I do recommend his audio tours for the sights in Rome.

    Opening hours: Mon – Sat: 9 am - 6.30 pm and Sun: 9 am –1 pm.

    Address: Piazza della Rotonda, Rome

    Website: http://www.sacred-destinations.com/italy/rome-pantheon

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