By car (incl. parking), Venice
Parking car in Venice might be a huge problem, so many visitors arriving here in cars and very limited space. One can wait more then one hour for free parking place in Park S. Andrea, as I did, and finaly it costs me 16,52 euros for 7 hours. The alternative is the Garage San Marco which charge you 24 euros per day.
The best solution is to park your car in Mestre, for free if possible, and get to Venice by the public transportation.
No cars are allowed in Venice proper (the islands); thus, if you drive to Venice, you have to park in certain areas. The only place on the islands themselves that you can park is at Piazzale Roma, which is at the end of the causeway coming from the mainland.
See http://www.urbislimen.net/eng/index.html for an online parking reservation site associated with the City of Venice. Through this site, you will find that parking at Piazzale Roma is now 21 euro/day and parking in Mestre (on the mainland) is 10 euro/day.
Of course, once you are in Piazzale Roma, you can immediately start walking in Venice. If you are in Mestre, you have to catch a train or bus over the causeway into Venice - this will add to the cost and time. I would guess that for one person, the train fare both ways would not be nearly up to the 11 euro difference...but the more people you have, the less sense it makes to park in Mestre, since train/bus tickets are per person, and the parking rate in Piazzale Roma is per car. Well, I am saying that it doesn't make sense to kill yourself trying to save a couple of euro...see http://www.trenitalia.com/en/index.html for the train schedules and fares from "Venezia Mestre" (hopefully the mainland parking is close to the station), and "Venezia Santa Lucia" (on the islands, where you want to go).
Also see http://www.comune.venezia.it/flex/cm/pages/ServeBLOB.php/L/EN/IDPagina/119 which is the City's official website that lists all sorts of parking alternatives...
If you are arriving in Venice by car in the summer it would be advisable to make parking reservations ahead. You can make the reservations on-line. We park at the Piazzale Roma Garage and find it very easy to find and the garage has good access to the Vaporetti station.
As you enter Venice over the bridge the parking garage, a many storied building is directly to your right. The long line on the right can be avoided by reserving your parking ahead. The entrance for reserved parking is the short line on the left.
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We booked this on the web. Staff were helpful and spoke good English. We left the keys with the car, car was protected and at Euros 20 for 12 hours in the centre of Venice we considered this good value. Would definitely recommend. It is only a couple of minutes away from the vaporetto stop for the Grand Canal
We have driven to Venice for a couple of our visits, and found that it is extremely easy to just park at Marco Polo airport. From there, you can either take a water taxi directly to your hotel or take the water bus to stops throughout Venice.
It maybe easier and cost less money to leave your car at ports on the mainland, then take the boat bus to Venice and tour Venice and all the islands by boat.
But if you prefer, the auto ferry will transport your car to Lido is. and to other ports on the mainland just not Venice.
The majority of visitors to Venice all arrive by car. Quiet a problem since the "streets" of Venice are all waterways. Hence after you have crossed the bridge from the Italian mainland in Mestre it is time to leave your car - on offer are a number of parking garages and parking areas to the right (after crossing the bridge) where you can leave your car. Piazza Roma is within walking distance, and from here one can explore Venice on foot, by water taxi or gondola.
If you happen to be driving to Venice like I just then do I have a tip for you. Park your car on the mainland (Mestre), it is much much more cheaper and almost as convenient. There is a large parking garage right across from the train station. You only pay 4 Euros compared to 18 Euros at Tronchetto and the Piazz Roma parking garage is I believe more than 20 Euros per day! The train runs to the Venice island every 10 minutes and it only takes 10 minutes. A roundtrip fare to Venice costs less than 2 Euros. From the highway A4 take the Mestre exit and follow the signs for either the train station or the center of town. I only had to make a couple of turns to get to the parking garage. It is secure also.
As we arrived early in the morning, we were lucky to park our car near a vaporetto station.
It's really worth to buy a 24h vaporetto ticket. It's rather cheap and it's coll to get the impressions on a vaporetto: school kids, tourists, managers, visitors of the opera etc
Car. Most definitely. Some of my friends go on the train but I find convenience is my main deal. There's a huge parking garage right when you get over the bridge call the Tronchetto. Costs about $20/day. Right when you park your car, walk to the end of the parking structure and catch the Vaporetto (water bus). Costs about 10 Lire (around $5) for a round trip ticket and takes you right down the Grand Canal (sit outside if you can). We always get off at the Rialto stop and make our way through winding streets to Piazza S. Marco.
Good old walking shoes and the Vaporetto (water bus) are the best and the cheapest. The water taxis are molto convenient but costly. About 20000 L ($10)/person. The gondolas are beautiful and fun but not really for regular transport. If you simply trying to get from one side of the canal to the other, use the Traghetto, a gondola-like boat you ride standing up for about 50 cents.
I would really reconsider renting a car. You will spend more time, energy, and money dealing with the logistics of "the car" than you will enjoying Italy.
I have been to Venice then onto Rome 7 times and each time I have gone a different route (usually through Tuscany, using buses) and used different means of transportation.
The best way I've found to go straight to Rome from Venice, is to take an overnight train from Venice, that way you save having to pay for a hotel room that night.
There were sometimes "strikes" that halted transportation for a few hours, but they are well announced ahead of time, and easy to plan around.
There was a taxi strike the morning we needed to go to the airport, but our desk clerk drove us for the same amount a taxi would have cost. The desk clerk LOVED taxi strikes!
Venice is an island and it is connected to the main land by a approximately 5 kms long bridge. The city from where the bridge starts is called Mestre. Mestre is connected to two motorways; one going toward Milan (3 hours journey) and the other one going along the coast to Bologna.
By automobile, you have to stop in Tronchetto and change to boat. No car in Venice
There is a day-ticket offered by the city pubic authority, Actv, 1800 Lira for one person and 1500 for a group member. With the ticket, you can get endless boat trips offered by Actv. Gandola, however, is not included.
Italy has an excellent network of motorways (autostrada), the main north–south link being the Autostrada del Sole – or A1 – which links Milan with Reggio Calabria in the toe of Italy. Speed limits on motorways are 130kph (81mph) for cars of 1100cc or more, and 110kph (68mph) for smaller cars. All motorways are tolled and driving from Venice to Bologna will cost approximately L20,000/EUR10.50. Those on a budget may prefer the strade statali (SS), which are toll free and are often fast, multi-lane carriageways. The speed limit on these roads is 110kph (68mph) – too slow for the speed-obsessed Italians and therefore a more leisurely drive for the rest of the world. Strade bianchi, small country roads, abound in the countryside around Venice, where visitors often stumble upon Palladian piles and medieval market towns.
Routes to the city: The main thoroughfare is the A4, which slices across the top of Italy from Turin, via Milan and Padua, to Venice. This intersects with the A13 from Bologna, which in turn connects with the A1 – the central road artery of Italy passing through Florence, Rome and Naples. However, travellers who prefer scenery over speed, may enjoy the SS11, which runs from Padua to Venice, along the Brenta Canal. After Mestre, drivers should take the exit marked Venezia and follow signs for the city centre (centro). Once across the bridge (Ponte della Liberta), cars must be left at one of the huge car parks in Piazzale Roma or on the island of Tronchetto. Parking in Venice is expensive at around EUR 20.50 per day. A cheaper alternative is to leave the car at the San Giulano car park in Mestre (only open high season) and catch the train .