Frankly I was not impressed by this barbican. Too nice, too clean, too restored, looking weak because build of bricks. Not military enough for me. Give me rough granite stone that's what I like to see on medieval fortifications.
This Gothic-style barbican, built around 1498, is one of the very few such fortified outposts still surviving in Europe, and the best preserved and largest.
Furthermore it is a nice barbican. The term "fairy-tale" was used here in some comments and I do understand because I'm not far from feeling that way when I discovered the barbican through the leaves of the Planty garden trees.
Another one is in Warsaw and was rebuilt after its destruction during WW II.
The surviving fragment of Krakow's city wall opposite the Barbakan, where students and amateur artists hang their paintings for sale in the summer, contains the Renaissance Municipal Arsenal, which now houses part of the National Museum's Czartoryski Collection. I bought the most beautifull little painting here, that always reminds me of the good times we had here.
The Barbican is only one of three medieval defensive structures of its kind. First, erected in 1498, it was once connected to the city walls at the Brama Florianska. The barbican is 24 meters wide, with walls that area 3 meters thick. It was further surrounded by a large moat. The tunnel allowed reinforcements to get into the Barbican. A mighty defensive structure.
entry- 7 zl.
Krakow's main city gate had to be defended, at any cost. Therefore Europe's mightiest barbican was built in 1498 - 99 thanks to king Jan Olbracht. It's diameter is nearly 25 metres and the walls are up to 3,65 metres thick. There are 130 loopholes in four rows: the upper for archers and riflemen, the lower for the artillery. In the past the Barbican was surrounded by a 30 metres wide moat, which is now filled up and actually where we walk today.
During summer the Barbican can be visited together with a tour of the Florian's Gate.
Directions: North-east from the main square, close to the Florian's Gate.
The statue is not all that impressive, but the area it is located is very interesting. The wall at the old town by the Barbizon with large wood beams while walking on the old cobblestone streets puts you in a different age.
The Kraków Barbican is a former fortified outpost and munition depot. It's the sole remainders of a sries of similar barbicans that were located around the old city.
The building was constructed in 1498-1499. Originally the barbican was linked to the city wall by a covered passageway and a drawbridge at the St. Florian Gate.
Nowadays the building is a multi purpose exhibition center.
Admission fee: PLN 7.00 (adult)
Summer visiting hours:
Daily: 10.20AM - 6PM
Address: ul. Basztowa - 30-547 Kraków
Directions: Just North of the St. Florian Gate.
Passing through St Florians Gate (see previous tip) we found ourselves standing behind this 15th Century fortification, that was part of Krakow's defense system. This is the only one of the pair of Barbicans in Krakow that remains.
This was our meet up point, so it wasn't until the following day, when we passed by this structure to reach Plac Matejki, that I got to see its full impact. (Main photo)
From this Square, I could see why it is considered one of the most beautiful (and largest) of the few remaining similar structures in Europe.
If I had seen this view initially, I would have thought it was a small arena (It did resemble an Andalucian bull ring, with its circular structure, Moorish/Arabic style gated archways and the overhanging windows above the gate)
The seven turrets gave it a Disneyesque appearance. The 24.4 metre diameter circular brick walls are 3 metres deep, and have 130 loopholes. The lower ones were for artillery, while the upper holes were for archers and riflemen. The moat was 20 metres wide and 8 metres deep.
Apparently, it was connected to St Florians Gate by a narrow passage and drawbridge that crossed the moat.
This would probably have been the site of jousting, sword fights and executions.
Today, the Barbican is used as an open air gallery, and also is host to small concerts and theatre productions.
It was also the meet up point for the 6th VT Euromeet, where Matt and Urszula and their helpers were here to welcome us, then take our money for our guided walks of Medieval Krakow, so we'll continue to our next Thing to Do/See in Krakow........
Address: Barbakan, ul. Basztowa Krakow
Directions: From Rynek Glowny, exit by the Basilica of Our Lady. Head forward along Florianska, through Florian Gate and You'll see The Barbican
To get from our hotel to the central market square we would have to pass by the Barbican and through the Florian Gate, Krakow's northern defense against invaders. The Barbican was built in 1498 as an extension to the 14th century city walls, there was at one time a covered passage between the Barbican and the Florian Gate but that is no more. At one time there were 47 towers and 8 city gates, I believe this is all that is left of the city's defensive walls.
It looked like you could walk the small part of the wall here and the guidebooks say you can visit the Barbican.
Medieval Krakow had to be well-defended. The 16th century Barbakan (or Barbican) was the main gate. It was a formidable obstacle to any invader. Nearby is St Florian's Gate. Impressive defenses made the city almost impregnable.
Just beyond the walls is the Grunwald Monument, which commemorates the Battle of Grunwald in 1410. In this great battle, the Poles and Lithuanians defeated the German Teutonic Knights.
The Barbican, located just north of Rynek Glowny, is one of the few remaining traces of Krakow's medieval fortifications. During the middle ages, Krakow's Old Town was entirely surrounded by a series of walls, towers and fortified gates. The double ringed set of walls were gradually built up between the 13th and 15th century. The Barbican was one of the main gates to the Old Town and protected the inner Florian Gate. It was built in 1498 to an Arab design. Most of the fortifications were pulled down during the 19th century.
Address: Ulica Basztowa
Directions: Walk north from Rynek Glowny, up Ulica Florianska and through the Florian Gate. THe Barbican is directly outside the Gate.
The Barbican is at the end of Florianska st. It is from the citys original defences and has a admission charge. The Wawel castle is at the other end of the city , high up with a good view., of city and river Wisla.
Address: ul Basztowa.[Barbican]., Podzamcza [Wawel]
the barbican was built between 1498 and 1499 after king jan olbrach was defeated by the turks in bukowina. this fort was surrounded by a moat and was connected to st. florian's gate by a corridor. krakow's barbican is the best preserved barbican in europe.
Address: baztowa street
Directions: old quarter, next to florian's gate.
This round brick construction used to be connected to the Florian Gate to form part of the city fortifications. It marks the start of the Royal way through the old town. You can go in if you like but there is not really that much to see.
Address: ul. Basztowa
This is one of the few surviving structures, of its kind, in Europe.
It is a circular, powerful bastion with 7 turrets. The walls are 3m thick and there are 130 loopholes in them. Built around 1498 as an additional protection of the Florian Gate and was once connected with passageways which ran over a moat.
It is beautiful and it is possible to go inside.
During Middle Ages the entire city was ringed by a system of walls and moats. The Barbican was both a principal gateway and a key element of defence. A covered passageway linked it to St.Florian’s Gate, and by day the city’s traffic passed through. Of course, for any self respecting foe, Cracow - an immensely wealthy city - was quite a prize, and it was attacked on many occasions. In times of siege, reinforcements were hurriedly dispatched along the tunnel, whilst archers attempted to beat back the marauders from the many windows and loop-holes.
Today the Barbican has an almost fairy-tale presence. Its seven turrets, like the pointed hats of some woodland sprite, stand out amidst the trees of the Planty. In summer months concerts are sometimes held there, whilst during the daytime it is possible to walk around the interior, explore its nooks, and imagine those sentries of old. Built in 1499 during the era of the Ottoman threat, the Barbican has survived, against all the odds, and remains the best example of its kind in Europe.