This Museum, closed on Mondays, shows some remarkable works and masterpieces of Arts and Archaeology. The main pieces are either paintings and sculptures, some of them made in white marble, a typical “stone” of this region. There you may admire pieces that range from the Roman epoch to modern sculptures, representing the city’s history, past and present. This Museum is situated on a 16th century palace, that used to be the residence of governors and bishops.
You can easily find this monument in Jardim Publico or Public Garden. This monument was presented in 1997 by South African Province of Natal to city of Evora on 500 years anniversary of discovery of Natal by Vasco da Gama in 1497. Evora received this monument because Great discoverers lived and studied here for short period. The text on the pedestal is written in Portuguese, English and Afrikaans, commemorating the date:
"THIS MONUMENT WAS PRESENTED TO PORTUGAL BY THE PEOPLE OF NATAL, SOUTH AFRICA, TO COMMEMORATE THE 500TH ANNIVERSARY OF VASCO DA GAMA WHO DISCOVERED NATAL ON CHRISTMAS DAY 1497".
When you arrive to Evora by train from Lisbon and walking toward the center of the city, first significant thing you will see, will be the monument to the soldiers of Portuguese Expeditionary Corps fought in Flanders in 1917-1918 as the part of the Entente Allied Forces. On the pinnacle there is another inscription, in Latin: "FILIIS PRO PATRIA CAESIS EBORA" which means “To the sons of Evora fallen for the Fatherland”.
Surrounded by plains in the heart of the Alentejo, with its historic center and the unique atmosphere of the old town, Évora was fittingly declared a World Heritage Site by the UNESCO in 1986.
The city, enclosed within Roman, medieval and 17th-century walls, has been important since Roman times, as it can be seen by the ruins of its emblematic Roman Temple , built in the 2nd century AD.
The animated main square, Praça do Giraldo, has Moorish arcades, a fountain dating from 1571 and is a popular meeting-place on market days.
From there you can explore the city´s more than 20 churches and monasteries, ancient streets with often curious names or the more touristical Rua 5 de Outubro, with shops selling handicrafts from copper pans to carved cork.
Évora has excellent restaurants and you can stay, for example, in the Convento dos Lóios, a 15th-century monastery turned into a pousada (a state-run inn).
The city´s Cathedral, built between 1186 and 1204, includes a Gothic entrance with the sculpted figures of the Apostles, an 18th-century main altar and many other treasures of sacred art; the 15th-century church of São Francisco is famous for its fascinating but rather sinister Chapel of Bones, made from the remains of monks.
But Évora is also a lively town due mainly to its University. The Jesuits first installed a school there in 1559, but they were banned and the school closed in the 18th century; now, it is still part of the new University, with its elegant cloister, a Baroque chapel and magnificent azulejos (painted tiles).
There are several nice fountains throughout the town. In front of the cathedral I found this beautiful one, which used to be supplied by the water coming into town via the aqueduct. It is called the Henriquina Fountain and has renaissance style.
Inside the Jardim Publico you will find a statue of Vasco da Gama who discovered the seaway to India. It is thought that he had studied mathematics and navigation here in Evora.
The monument is a present of the State of Southafrica to commemorate the 500th anniversary of Vasco da Gama.