More Fun things to do in Ohrid

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    Excavation

    by Pijlmans Updated Aug 9, 2014

    In 2014 I noticed an excavation site that I had not seen before.

    Roughly, it is located along Ilindenska between the Church of St Sofia and the Roman theater.

    There are some mosaics to be seen, and some ruins and pillars.

    mosaic
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    Grave of Grigor Prlicev

    by Pijlmans Updated Jun 28, 2013

    Grigor Prlicev (Ohrid 1830-Ohrid 1893) was a teacher, writer and translator.

    He is famous for his poem "The Sirdar" (military leader). With this poem he won the first prize in a poetic competition in Athens.

    In this poem, he writes about the difficult position of the Macedonian people, taking as a basic motive the Macedonian folk song about Kuzman Kapidan. Kuzman Kapidan was a famous hero and protector of Christian people.

    The House of Grigor Prlicev can also be found Ohrid. It is now a monument / museum.

    Prlicev's son Cyril Prlicev (1875 Ohrid - 1944 Ohrid) was a prominent member of the revolutionary movement IMARO in Macedonia. Like his father he was a teacher, journalist, writer and translator. He is also buried here.

    The grave is located behind the church of St Bogorodica Perivleptos, near the Upper Gate.

    Grave of Grigor Prlicev Grave of Grigor Prlicev Grave of Grigor Prlicev

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    Ruins of an Early Christian Basilica

    by Pijlmans Updated Jun 28, 2013

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    The ruins of an old basilica from the 5th or 6th century can be found in the hills above the Biljana Springs.

    To get there, go up the very long stairs next to the petrol station on the roundaboud on Bulevar Turisticka, just before you leave Ohrid on the road to St Naum.

    When you reach the end of the stairs, there is a big sign with a map (sponsored by Francophonie) showing a hike from Ohrid to the Monastery of St Petka in Velgosti via the village Ramne. There should also also a sign pointing to the right to the basilica (in French: La Basilique Prechretienne V et VI siecle).

    The ruins of the basilica are not far walking, to the right from the top of the stairs. When you go left at the top of the stairs, you can find a WWII memorial and the Galicica National Park Office.

    Early Christian Basilica Early Christian Basilica Early Christian Basilica Early Christian Basilica Early Christian Basilica
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    Statue of St Clement on top of the hill

    by Pijlmans Updated Jun 28, 2013

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    Clement (840-916) and Naum (835-910) were native Macedonians. Both had been disciples of the brothers Kiril and Metodi, teachers of the Glagolitic and Cyrillic scripts.

    Clement founded the Monastery of St Clement in Ohrid, and invited his former fellow disciple Naum to help him teach the scriptures.

    Many pupils passed through the monastery and the numbers became so demanding that Naum set up the Monastery of St Naum in 900, at the other (south) end of Lake Ohrid.

    This statue of St Clement is located very close to the Church of Bogorodica Perivleptos, and a striking big building on top of the hill of Ohrid, located to the right when you are facing the Upper Gate from within Ohrid.

    On the square close to the new harbor (and close to the statue of Kiril and Metodi), there is another statue of St Clement.

    Statue of St Clement Statue of St Clement
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    Look down at the Upper and Lower Gates

    by Pijlmans Updated Jun 28, 2013

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    At the foot of the Lower Gate, there is a grate in the road.

    This grate is not for the sewer system, but to display the original pavement, big stones that once formed the entrance into Ohrid.

    I've walked over this grate many times (it's slippery after rain) without noticing the stones, until somebody brought it to my attention!

    The original pavement can more easily be seen at the Upper Gate, see the other pictures.

    Grate at the Lower Gate Old Pavement at the Upper Gate Old Pavement at the Upper Gate Old Pavement at the Upper Gate Lower Gate
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    Lower Gate

    by Pijlmans Updated Jun 28, 2013

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    As obvious as the Upper Gate on top of the hill of Ohrid is, so obscure is the Lower Gate closer to the lake. I did not actively notice it for four years!

    In contrast to the Upper Gate, the Lower gate is not a gate anymore, just one of the towers of the gate remains.

    The Lower Gate is from the 4th century.

    The gate is located at Tsar Samoil Street, between the restaurant Antiko and the apartment complex Kosta, who's signs for the apartments disfigure the tower of the gate. The owner of the appartment complex is a friendly man who allowed us into his patio to have a better look at the gate wall.

    Make sure you pay attention to the original pavement at the foot of the Lower Gate!

    Lower Gate Lower Gate Lower Gate Lower Gate Lower Gate
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    Ali Pasha Mosque

    by Pijlmans Updated Jun 28, 2013

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    Close to the 900-year old Plane Tree Cinar and the fountain on Krusevska Republika Square, you can see Ali Pasha's Mosque. On the other site of the square you can see the Zyenel Abedin - Pasha Mosque.

    The Ali Pasha Mosque was built in 1573 by Sulejman Pasha. In 1823 an adaptation was undertaken by the vizier Ali-Pasha from Belgrade, whose name the mosque carries today. At the beginning of the 21st century new adaptations were undertaken.

    Ali Pasha Mosque Ali Pasha Mosque and fountain Ali Pasha Mosque Ali Pasha Mosque Ali Pasha Mosque
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    Zyenel Abedin - Pasha Mosque

    by Pijlmans Updated Jun 28, 2013

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    This mosque is on the Krusevska Republika Square, close to the 900-years old plane tree Cinar and the fountain.

    The mosque was built in the first half of 17th century by Zeynel Abedin-Pasha as a mosque and religious school.

    Today, there is a burial chamber with the tomb of Haji Muhammad Hayati, who was of Persian descent and was the first dervish sheikh in Ohrid.

    Zyenel Abedin - Pasha Mosque Zyenel Abedin - Pasha Mosque Zyenel Abedin - Pasha Mosque Zyenel Abedin - Pasha Mosque Zyenel Abedin - Pasha Mosque
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    National Museum of Ohrid

    by Pijlmans Updated Jun 28, 2013

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    The National Museum of Ohrid was first established in 1516 in St Clement's Church of Bogorodica Perivleptos, as a museum to the Archbishopric of Ohrid, making it one of the oldest museums in the world.

    Now the collection is divided into the archaeological part in the Robev Residence (on the picture) and the ethnographic part in the Urania Residence.

    The Robev House is one of the finest examples of 19th-century Macedonian architecture in the land.

    Opening hours (summer 2008) in the morning 09.00-14.00 h, opens again in the evening at 19.00-23.00 h. Closed on Mondays, opening times may be different in the winter.

    Follow the link below for my Ohrid page.

    National Museum of Ohrid National Museum of Ohrid National Museum of Ohrid opening times summer 2008
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    Upper Gate, Ohrid

    by Pijlmans Updated Jun 28, 2013

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    Like the name implies, the Upper Gate can be found on the higher part of Ohrid, in the town wall. It has big, heavy doors.

    Ohrid used to be completely surrounded by city walls, up until the Ottomans arrived in 1395. One could probably only enter Ohrid through two gates, the Upper Gate and the Lower Gate. There is also evidence of a third gate. Once taken by the Ottomans, the town expanded beyond the walls as the Turks and Ottomans moved into the Ohrid area. As in other towns like Skopje, the Ottomans kept the Christian population within the town walls.

    See my tip in the off the beaten path section for a slightly adventurous tour along the town wall that starts at the Upper Gate.

    The Upper gate is part of a sightseeing tour described on my Ohrid page, see the link below.

    Door of the Upper Gate The Upper Gate City wall at the Upper Gate Ruins next to the Upper Gate City wall at the Upper Gate
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    The National Museum.

    by Askla Updated Apr 20, 2013

    The archeological department of the National Museum is located in the Robev family house.
    The Robevs were a trading family that grew rich in the 19 century. (They are still an active family with companies in many different countries all around the world.) When they left Ohrid they donated the house to the museum. The museum as an institution in itself was founded in 1516, making it one of the oldest museums in the world.
    The archeological collection on the ground floor shows stone findings from the 4th century before our time (BOT) and onwards. On the upper floors you can see what the Robev's home looked like as well lots of "normal" archeological findings. Among the more interesting are the coins, some as old as from the time of Alexander the great who lived in the middle of the 4th c. BOT.
    In September 2003, a stunning find was made in a tomb inside the Samuli\s fortress. The tomb dates from the 5th c. BOT and contained a golden post mortal mask, a golden hand glove with a ring, golden sandals and several burial objects. You can read on different places like guide books and internet pages that these things are on display at this museum. THEY ARE NOT!! They were shown here once, for only one single day, but due to lack of security they are now all in Skopje. This I was told by the young man in the ticket office. That was a big disappointment since this gold treasure was one of the main reasons for me to go to Ohrid from the beginning.

    Working hours: 10.00 -14.00 and 18:00-21:00, closed Monday.
    Entrance fee 100 denar.
    No photos permitted at all.

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    Cinar - the 900 year old platan tree.

    by Askla Written Apr 17, 2013

    In Krushevska Republika Square can you see what remains of the 900 year old platan tree. It is said that there once was a small café within the tree!

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    National workshop for handmade paper.

    by Askla Updated Apr 17, 2013

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    The National workshop for handmade paper is a little but interesting museum. Here a man shows how paper has been made by hand since the 2nd century (the year 104) before our time when the method was invented by the Chineese. He explains the differences in colours of the papers due to what kind of wood he has used. Then he goes on to the press and demonstrates the Guthenberg method. This press is an exact copy of Guthenberg's own press. There are only two such in the world, the other one being in Bled, Slovenia.
    The workshop is run by the family. It is open from 10.00 to 17.00 every day and the entrance is free. He speaks some English, but because of his enthusiasm, what misses in language is well made up in other ways.

    Juniperus is used to give the yellow colour.
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    Monument for A den Doolaard

    by Pijlmans Updated Mar 23, 2013

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    A den Doolaard is the pseudonym of the Dutch writer Cornelis Johannes George (Bob) Spoelstra jr (1901-1994).

    One of his books, The Wedding of the Seven Gypsies (De Bruiloft der Zeven Zigeuners), written in 1939, resulted in an extraordinary interest of the Dutch people in Ohrid, resulting in 50,000 Dutch tourists a year.

    The Wedding of the Seven Gypsies takes place in Ohrid and is a must-read if you like Macedonia, especially for Dutch people when they visit Ohrid (since the book is in Dutch).

    The story in the book "Orient Express" from Den Doolaard is also located in Macedonia.

    The monument was designed by the Macedonian architect Vladimir Taic and revealed in 2006.

    It can be found along Quay Marsal Tito, close to the end of the quay (if the beginning of the quay is the old center of Ohrid).

    A den Doolaard Monument A den Doolaard Monument A den Doolaard Monument
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    Plane Tree

    by antistar Updated Mar 4, 2013

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    Finally, and only because it was listed in the LP guide as a sight: the 900 year old plane tree. Despite its tiny size, it has allegedly been used as a home to a barber shop and a cafe at various points in history. Today it has been turned into a kind of monument, and seems to be the prefered hang-out of the local drunks (not the guys in the picture who were just having a chat).

    900 year old Plane Tree, Ohrid

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