Established in 1967 BITEF (Belgrade International Theatre Festival) represents one of the rare theatre festivals of the world in whose program experimental, avant-garde, and exploring forms appear. Simultaneously with great classical productions.
The Museum keeps a collection of old textbooks, pedagogical literature, books, magazines and documents from 18th century to present day. Entrance Fee.
(Tue. - Fri. 10-17, Saturdays and Sundays 10-15, Mondays closed)
Lazy summer hot afternoon and you do not know what to do all by yourself.
Walk around the Kej 25. on the Danube bank near Dorcol area. there is a sport center, great vciew on the Kalemegdan tower and you can walk all around the park.
Author: RUDOLF VALDEC
Bronze 300 cm, total height 500 cm. Erected in 1911 in front of the former National Library (entrance to Kalemegdan), and in 1930 transferred to Univerzitetski Park.
Inscribed on the monument is a maxim: "Learn while going, look at centuries!"
(Cakovo, Banat, 1739 - Belgrade 1811), writer, philosopher, teacher and popular educator.
As a young man he has entered a monastery but, later, left monastic life and travelled widely and studied at European universities. He was one of the most important and influential Serbian personalities of the XVIII and early XIX centuries. He moved to Serbia in 1806 during the First Serbian Insurrection, and in 1808 founded the Great School, afterwards becoming in 1811 the first Minister of Education. He aspired to educate the people of Serbia by spreading his knowledge and ideas among them. As a rationalist, patriot and reformer, he fought against superstition and the omnipotence of the Church, and he was one of the first who strove to unite the Yugoslav peoples regardless of their religious differencies. He pleaded for usage of popular language in literature, liberation of women from slavish position etc. The most important works: "Zivot i prikljucenija", "Basne", "Sovjeti zdravog razuma". He has been buried in the yard of the Cathedral Church in Belgrade.
Jovan Cvijic was born on october 11. (september 29. by old calendar) 1865 in Loznica His father was Todor Cvijic, merchant by ocupation. His mother was Marija, maiden name Avramovic, from Korenita, village in Jadar area, which is close to Tronosa Monastery and Trsic, village where Vuk Stefanovic Karadzic. Cvijic finished higher gimnasium in Belgrade in First Belgrade Gimnasium. When he finished gimnasium in year, Cvijic wanted to study medicine aboard, but his municipality couldn't pay his scholarship. His professor from Sabac gimnasium, Vladimir Karic, suggested him to attend geography lectures on Great School in Belgrade. Cvijic did that, and entered the Nature-mathematics section of Great School. He finished his studies in the year of 1888.For one school-year he was lecturer in Second Belgrade Gimnasium. After that, in 1889 he started studies of physical geography and geology on Wienna University with state scolarship. Cvijic finished his studies in Wienna in 1892 and in 1893 he defended his doctor disertation on subject „Das Karstphänomen“ on the same university.In March, 1893 . he became regular professor of Phylosophy Faculty of Great School in Belgrade. First he held physical geography and etnography lectures, and later only geography lectures.
He started scientific work as student of Great School, when he wrote work „Appendix to our geographical terminology“, and continued as high-school professor, and student in Wienna, when he examined geography of eastern Serbia , Istra and Adriatic and on this topic he wrote several works and his disertation. His whole life he dedicated to examination of Serbia and Balkans and he almost every year traveled across Balkans.
Etnopsychological typisation that Cvijic gave in this works, was ideologicaly severely criticized after WWII in Yugoslavia.
He died on january, 16. 1927, in Belgrade, at age 62.
Monument dedicated to Jofic Pancic was erected at he end of 19th century.
Josif Pancic(1814-1888) was a world-renown Serbian botanist.
Josip Pancic was born on April 5, 1814 in Bribir near Senj in the Military Border of Austria/Hungary (modern-day Croatia) to a Croatian Catholic family. Finished elementary school in Gospic, went on to the lyceum in Fiume and graduated in 1842 in Budapest in medicine although he had an avid interest in biology in general, botany in particular.
He was acquainted with the Serbian linguist Vuk Karaddic in Vienna who convinced him to settle in the then Principality of Serbia, still under nominal Ottoman suzerainty, in 1846. He relinquished his Austro-Hungarian citizenship and changed his given name to Josif as he converted to Orthodoxy. Serbia would become Pancic's home in every sense of the word and he was considered a Serb thereafter.
Pancic worked as a physician in rural Serbia and documented its flora during his frequent visits of the principality. Pancic fell in love with Kopaonik which he visited 16 times between 1851 and 1886.
He was credited with having classified many breeds of plants which were unknown to the botanical community at that time. The Serbian spruce is actually named in his honour Pancic's omorika, its full Latin name being Picea omorika Pancic.
Pancic was named the first president of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts founded on April 5th, 1887.
A mausoleum of Josif Pancic on Kopaonik was erected in 1951 by the Academy, the University of Belgrade and the Hikers union, with the inscription:
Honoring Pancic's request, we moved him here to rest forever. We also announce his message for the Serbian youth: "Only with a thorough understanding and analysis of the nature of our country will they show how much they love and honor their homeland."
In 1862, the murder of a Serbian boy at the fountain, provoked clashes between the Serbs and Turks, and the shelling of Belgrade by the Turkish artillery. In memory of that event, a monument was erected at the site of the incident.
The "Jevremovac" Botanical Garden is a unit of the Faculty of Biology, the Belgrade University. It was founded in 1874 by the decision of the Ministry of Education of the Kingdom of Serbia.
The botanical garden covers an area of about 5 ha, with over 250 sorts of trees and bushes, domestic, European and exotic plants in the open space, and with total of 500 individual plants (trees, bushes and herbaceous plants). The garden also includes a greenhouse and the offices of the Institute of Botany.
It is open for visits from 1st May until 1st November, 9:00 AM - 7:00 PM.
If you don't have time to visit Serbian Monasteries (which I highly recommended) take a time and visit Fresco gallery. Here you can see reproductions of some great frescoes from our monasteries. For example White angel (original in Mileseva monastery). This gallery is part of National Museum and it was opened in 1973.
Botanic garden "Jevremovac" is great place in heart of Belgrade. It was founded in 1874 by the decree of the Ministry of Education of the Kingdom of Serbia. In the year 1889, the King Milan Obrenovic donated the estate inherited from his grandfather named Jevrem to the Great School in Belgrade for the purpose of construction of Botanic Garden, provided it is named "Jevremovac". It exists to this day at the same location and under the same name. Botanic garden spreads over the area of 5 hectares, where on an open space there are over 250 species of trees and bushes, local, European and exotic plants, and the total plant population now includes about 500 trees, bushes and herbage plants. Besides the open space, the garden covers the Green house and the Institute for Botanic premises (herbarium, laboratories). The green house, built in 1892, covers the area of 500 m2. At the time of its construction it was one of the biggest and most beautiful green houses in this part of Europe. Numerous tropic and sub-tropic plants are being nursed. The Herbarium accommodates rich collection of plants originating from the Balkan Peninsula and the entire Europe containing around 120,000 herbarium sheets and over 300,000 exsiccates. This year in garden is opened Japan’s garden.
This is great place just to come and sit on benches and to watch all greenery around you.
It's open for visit from morning till evening.
About the Gallery Galerija Fresaka (Gallery of Frescoes) features replicas of frescoes from all over Serbia, Montenegro and Macedonia. The replicas are versions of various frecoes from 11th to 15th centuries.
Visiting Hours Monday Closed
In number 11 in Dusanova Street is Saint Sava Society. The building was erected in 1924 and in nuber 13 is the house of Saint Sava, dating from the end of eighteen century.