Discovered by accident around 1950, the 1st century CE Roman Theatre lies just beneath la Alcazaba, the Arab Citadel of Málaga. The seating of the theatre was built against the hill on which the citadel stands. Some of the seating has been restored since its discovery, probably for use in modern events, but much of the theatre's original stones were quarried over time for use in building la Alcazaba and other structures. Beneath the theatre, more ruins have been discovered from the original Phoenician colony that dates back to the 7th century BCE.
Malaga's Roman theatre was only discovered in the early 1950s, so it is still in pretty good condition. Having said that, it's been heavily restored in parts, so that it can be used on occasion for modern concerts etc, so do be aware that what you see is not all authentic. The easiest way to tell is just to look at the stones. If their corners are sharply squared off, and their edges neatly straight, you can be pretty sure that they are modern replacements. There's a colour variation as well.
All large Roman settlements anywhere in the Empire had at least one amphitheatre and one set of public baths. These two things were the focus of not only Roman social life but also vitally important for business and political life as well. Romans did their networking and their business deals, made new contacts and touted for custom in both places.....as well as just enjoyed relaxing with friends and family.
This type of amphitheatre was for plays and performance, not for armed combats. there was a 'stage' area at the front and the stone seats were tiered so that all the audience could see and hear adequately. The best seats were reserved for the richest and most influential citizens, of course...nothing changes...with the cheapest seats being high up and furthest back. Awnings could be set over the seats to provide protection from the sun.
Malaga's theatre, which dates from the first century BC/BCE, would have had several more rows of seats above what now exists, but time and quite possibly the re-use of stone for other buildings (including the Alcazaba) means only a few tiers remain. You can spend a few moments imagining hundreds of Roman Malaguenans sitting there in the early evening, listing to the most fashionable or newest poetry at recitals, perhaps accompanied by music....or watching classical plays..or perhaps being shocked by some 'modern' work which challenged their ideas. Much the same as today, really......
I didn't bother to go into the theatre. It can be seen very well indeed from Plaza Aduana on Calle Alcazabilla, and you can also get a good overhead view from the entrance ramp to the Alcazaba (and an even better one if you go into the Alcazaba itself).
There is a small visitors' centre on site (itself a rather good piece of modern architectural design) and I believe entrance is free.
The amphiteater was discovered/uncovered in 1951 during some construction in the area. It is from Caesar Augustus era in 1st century AD and was used until the 3rd century. Dimensions are about 90 feet long and 50 feet to the highest level of seating. The stage/arena is 45 feet circular. Some of the presentation is reconstructed work of today in order to show the splendor of a theater.
It is located next to the foot of Alcazaba castle and entry is free, except closed on Mondays.
Next to The Alcazaba, which is the lower fortress of Gibralfaro castle, lies The Roman Theatre. There is no entrance fee to The Roman Theatre and you are free to visit whereas there is an entrance fee to both parts of the castle.
The theater was discovered in 1951 with a radius of 31 meters and height of 19 meters. It seems not to have been used since the 3rd century and the Moors used parts of it while building The Alcazaba fortress.
It is now being restored so it can be further preserved and while I was visiting (August 2009) there were diggers on the site of the theater.
It is strange to think about that all the great civilisations by the Mediterranean Sea have passed through here since Malaga was founded almost 3000 years ago.
The recently restored Roman theatre at the foot of the Alcazaba was built in the 1st century time of Augustus and used untl the 3rd century. It was only discovered by accident in 1951 and then excavated. Can be viewed from Calle Acazabilla.
The Roman Theatre, at the foot of the Alcazaba fortress, is one of Malaga's attractions, and it's relatively a recent one. For centuries it had laid hidden underground and it was only in 1951 that it "returned" to surface, thanks to some excavations in order to build a library. Excavations are still going on, and a larger roman site is coming to surface slowly.
Although the theatre looks intact, much of it is a reconstruction - which you can clearly see: the stones used in the reconstruction are very different in colour from the original ones, and at times they have even used chunks of concrete. Still, it is an interesting sight which I find it was worth preserving (though maybe not to suck extent).
The theatre dates back to the 1st century, and it remained in used for about 200 years. The Moorish used it too, but not as a theatre... basically they used the theatre's stones and columns to build parts of their Alcazaba fortress. Malaga's Roman theatre is 31 metres long and 16 metres tall.
Malaga's Roman theatre lies at the foot of the Alcazaba fortress in the western part of the city. It was discovered in 1951, after having remained buried underground for many centuries. Dating back to the first century, it was built during the Empire of Augustus. It was used up until the third century. The Arabs used parts of the theatre for their own building purposes. They took capitals and column shafts for their own Alcazaba fortress as support for the horseshoe arches over the doorways. The theatre has a radius of 31 metres is 16 metres tall and has an orchestra of 15 metres.
El Teatro Romano de Málaga se encuentra al pie del cerro de la Alcazaba, en la Calle Alcazabilla. Fue descubierto en 1951 tras permanecer enterrado durante siglos, cuando se estaban realizando unos trabajos para la Casa de la Cultura, descubriéndose que estaba construida encima del mismo. En 1994, la casa de la cultura fue derribada, descubriéndose todo el teatro.
Just below the entrance to the Alcazaba are the ruins of an amphitheatre dating from Roman times. It is currently under restoration and free to visit.
It was not discovered until 1951. It wasn't used since the 3rd century and the Moors used parts of it for constructing the Alcazaba.
We walked down the Calle de Alcazabilia and on our left a fence excluded us fro construction work at the base of a hill. Midway up the hill was the Alcazar and at the summit the Gibralfaro. The work at the base was at the site of the Roman Theater. Work has been going on here for many years as they excavate and recreate it. We were told that Malaguenos hope to turn it into a summer concert venue (as many other cities have done with their Roman Theater). Much stone is new because the theater was used as a quarry source for the Alcazaba above. We could not go in the theater but took pictures through the fence. We did not visit the Alcazaba because we were assured we would experience a better one soon in Seville.
The situation of this ancient bull fightening area was very bad, because the Moors began to build "La Alcazaba" just on the next quartier. They took stones for building the castle from this Roman time theater badly destroing it.
We can began the tour around Malaga from this point, just at the entrance to the Alcazaba at the left is the Roman theater.
As most of the mediterranean cities, whenever they dig for the foundations of a new building they find roman ruins or others.
In particular I remeber the librery that was where is now the Roamn thater, around 10 years ago, they finally changed to another building and resaured this Theater.
From here we can go up to the Alcazaba
During some renovations to Malaga library a few years ago (1951), they discovered the remains of a Roman Theatre on the site. The Library was pulled down completely and rebuilt elsewhere and excavations carried out on the theatre. Today it can be visited along with the Alcazaba, located on the hill behind it.