Mohafazat Beqaa Things to Do

  • The interior of the memorial
    The interior of the memorial
    by mikey_e
  • The lesser palace
    The lesser palace
    by mikey_e
  • Columns and arches along the Cordo
    Columns and arches along the Cordo
    by mikey_e

Mohafazat Beqaa Things to Do

  • Baalbek

    Known as Heliopolis - City of the Sun - in the Graeco-Roman world, Baalbek possesses the most magnificent temple complex ever built by Rome. The town's Acropolis lies dramatically at the edge of the fertile Beqaa Valley and the foothills of the Anti-Lebanon Mountains. During Roman times, Baalbek was a centre of Roman religion, luring many pilgrims...

  • Baalbek: Grand Mosque of Baalbek

    Baalbek may be famous for its Phoenician and Greek past, but it is currently a staunchly Shi’ite city (with Christian and Muslim minority communities as well) that is well within the power of Hizbullah and its allies. Just to the south of the city is the Great Mosque of Baalbek, which is Shiite and has been designed and decorated in the Iranian...

  • Baalbek: Mameluk Mosque

    There is little that remains of the mosque walls, but from above (that is, from the Temple of Jupiter), it is easy to make out the pillars of the mosque's prayer hall. This mosque was built in the late 13th century by the Mameluk rulers of the area. Although it likely withstood Timur's pillaging of the site, any structure that remain would have...

  • Baalbek: Temple of Bacchus

    The Temple of Bacchus is truly the most elegant of all of the ruins, in part because it retains so much of its original structure that it is capable to feel that this is a complete building. Set apart from the Temple of Jupiter, it sits below it on a raised platform accessed by 33 steps. All around the platform are massive columns, except for the...

  • Baalbek: The Propylaea

    The Propylaea is a series of columns at the entrance to the Baalbek site and thus acts as a sort of welcome to visitors. Only six columns remain standing, of which only four are connected, but it is obvious from what does remain that this must have been an imposing structure, an announcement of the grand scale of the monuments that lay behind the...

  • Baalbek: Temple of Jupiter

    Up the staircase from the Great Patio is the Temple of Jupiter, also known as the Temple of the Sun. Far less remains of this temple than of that dedicated to Bacchus, but we are at least able to gather a sense of the original size of the structure from the one row of columns that remain. These are five meters tall and were topped with capital of...

  • Baalbek: The Exedra

    The court is surrounded by walls in which there are eight rectangular and four semi-circular exedra, each of which features rich details and reliefs that deserve a close examination. These are set off from the main section of the court by crypto-porticos, and were intended to be used as rooms for sacred feasts dedicated to fraternity and community.

  • Baalbek: Great Court

    The Great Court is the central part of the site, and was meant to be the gathering point for rites and sacrifices. In the center is a massive altar that is flanked by red columns, and that was, later on, converted into the centerpiece of a basilica, traces of which no longer remain. The Great Court is a massively open space, and when visited during...

  • Octagonal Court

    The first part of the ruins to be encountered is the Octagonal Court, which was built in the 3rd century CE. It was used as a church during the 4th to 6th centuries, but remains its grandeur as a Hellinistic, rather than Christian, monument. It contains 30 columns, all of which provide the visitor with an initial hint of the embellishment that will...

  • Greek Baalbeck

    Baalbek is indeed an impressive site. It was first settled as an urban or quasi-urban agglomeration sometime in the 3rd millennium BCE as a Phoenician settlement. It takes its name from Baal, the Phoenician god of storms and thunder, which appears to have outlasted even Greek attempts at renaming the site (they called it Heliopolis, city of the...

  • Anjar: Umayyad Houses

    There are many sites of ruins across the Middle East that provide us with examples of the monumental architecture of the great empires that ruled this region in the first millennium of the common era. These often, however, do not include a great amount of ruins that elucidate the lives of ordinary people, whose houses did not withstand, it appears,...

  • Anjar: Cordo Maximus

    As in the cities of the Decapolis (the ten Roman cities of the Levant), the Umayyad city of Anjar has a cordo maximus, or a main road that was, in the past, lined by elegant and imposing columns. While there are few of these columns that are left and that have not been ravaged by time, their placement along the route allows the visitor to imagine...

  • Anjar: Umayyad Little Palace

    There are two palaces in the Umayyad city, but it is the Little Palace that is the best preserved. Its arches and walls are partially intact (better than those of the Greater Palace) and they provide an idea of the type of architecture that was employed in constructing the city. They have airy, large arches that permit sunlight and air to enter the...

  • Anjar: Umayyad Baths

    The baths in Anjar stand separately from the main city, and are surprisingly small given the number of houses and public buildings that are found within the remaining walls. They are preserved fairly well, insofar as it is still possible to determine the function of the various rooms. The baths are interesting from the fact that, despite having...

  • Anjar: Umayyad Town

    Anjar’s antiquities are prized not only as a UNESCO world heritage site, but also because they are the only Umayyad remains that have been found in the Lebanese Republic to date. The Umayyad city is remarkable as well for its Roman layout and design, as it combines a number of Umayyad traits (notable in the dichromatic brickwork and the mosque)...

  • Anjar: Musa Dagh Memorial

    The Armenians who populate Anjar are the descendants of the survivors of Musa Dag, an incident that occurred in Turkey at the end of the First World War and which is part of the broader genocide disputed hotly by the Turkish state. Musa Dag is a region of Turkey in which Armenians made a last stand against Ottoman troops, fortifying themselves on...

  • Anjar: St. Paul's Church

    Anjar is almost entirely Armenian, and thus it should not be a surprise that the largest church in the town is an Armenian one. The fact that the population was settled here in the 1930s means that St. Paul’s is not a historic church – it was not erected anywhere near the same time as the nearby Umayyad ruins – but it is still in the traditional...

  • Aanjar

    Situated on the Beirut-Damascus road in the Beqaa, Aanjar is one of the few remaining architectural heritages from the Omayyad period in Lebanon. The ancient city was built in 715 AD with Byzantine craftsmanship in the earliest days of the Islamic civilisation, before its signature architectural identity was developed. The city was thus designed on...

  • Repairing War Damage

    When Israel invaded Lebanon in the summer of 2006, the Beqaa Valley was heavily bombed. The strategic Beirut-Damascus road, one of the lifelines of Lebanon, was specifically targeted. A number of bridges along the road were completely destroyed. On my visit in March 2008, the road was completely repaired with the exception of one last bridge. The...

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  • Palmyra Hotel

    Charl digol..had been there....that's enough..for me Old lebanese want to go back in...


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Mohafazat Beqaa Things to Do

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