St. Nicholas Church
Date of submission to the Tentative World Heritage List: 25/02/2000
List Reference: 1399
St.Nicholas church is in ancient Myria a large city in the Lykian Group.The church is made for the Bishop of this Mediterranean city duing the 4 th century AD. The floor of the church is several meters below street level, and is accessed by a steeply descending ramp. There are fine marble mosaic pavements and faded wall paintings throughout the church. The church has three side aisles; the two on the south have chapels at the east end. A room beyond the north aisle provides access to the upper storey. The nave is covered by a groined vault and has a synthronon (set of stepped seats for the clergy) with a covered passage in the apse. The stone altar is surrounded by four broken pillars and the exonarthex and narthex are well-preserved.
Kekova is the name of a region of fascinating islands, bays and ancient cities. Kekova has a rarely seen attraction, a long the shore of the Island a sunken city is observed. The geological movements of the Island caused the city on the Island to be submerged, creating a strange scene with half of the city under water and half above. Teimiussa, Simena are the main Lycian settlements in the area. Kekova is the only area where the flying fish can be wathched in this region. Beyond its cultural features, Kekova shows very significant geological formations, ondulated coastal line, hydrobiological features and scenic beauty of the area form an outstanding quality. It is a remarkable example of cultural continuity, and a living cultural assents as well.
Reflections In The Mirror Of Time
The ancient geographical region of Lycia situates on the Teke Peninsula on the Mediterranean region of Turkey. Ancient Lycia was surrounded by Mediterranean Sea on the south, Caria on the west and Pamphylia on the east. Lycian Civilization is well-known by many remains in this area dated to 5th and 4th century B.C. belonging to Hellenistic and Roman Period. The written Egyptian and Hittite sources of dated back to the 2th millennium B.C. mentions a tribe called "Luka" or "Lukka" and Hittite king Suppiluliuma mentions his conquer the "Lycia Country" in 14th century B.C. Also, written sources about the Kadesh Battle calls these people as "Lukkies the sea people". According to the historians "Lukka" means "Land of the Light". Lycia was ruled by Syrian king Antiochus III starting from the end of the 2nd century B.C. until mid 2nd century B.C. In the mid 1st century B.C. "Lycian League" was established which comprised of 23 cities. This union was the first known democratic federation in the history which inspired the modern day democratic systems. Major cities of this federation were Patara (being the capital city), Xanthos, Pinara, Olympos, Myra and Tlos which had three votes later joined Phaselis. Teke Peninsula also holds the other cities of Lycian League, many of those are well known from the systematic excavations, also form the coins and inscriptions namely Andriake, Sura, Kyaenai, Limyra, Theimmusa, Simena, Istlada, Trebende, Aperlae. Todey,many relics of the Lycians remain visible today, especially their distinctive rock-cut tombs in the sides of cliffs in the region. Moreover , Lycia was an important center of worship for the goddess Leto and later, her twin children, Apollo and Artemis.
Gulluk Dagi National Park is located within the province of Antalya in a valley hidden between mountains. There is the ancient fortified city of Termessos rising 1050 m above the sea level. The ancient city of Termessos was found by the Solims who lived in the Psidia Region. Although there are nofacts available about Termessos and Solims, they are natured by Homer in the Iliad in connection with the legend of Bellerophon. The most significant remains of the site are the city walls, Towers, King's Road, Hadrian's Gate, Gymnasium, Agora, Theatre, Odeon, Richly, Decorated Tombs, cisterns and drainage system. Other features of the Natural Park are the step rocks of Gulluk Dagi and the Mecine Canyon with its 600 m high walls along with the typical Mediterranean vegetation sheltering such endangered wild creatures as Mountain Goats, Fallow Deer and Golden Eagle.
Perge, the long-established city of Pamphylia region, is located 18 km east of Antalya and 2 km north of Aksu Village. The Archaeological site of Perge has been excavated systemically by Istanbul University since 1946.Perge is famous by the fact that when Saint Paul started his journeys, he visited Perge in 46 A.D. and preached his first sermon here. That's why it became an important city for the Christians during Byzantine period.The first excavations began in 1946 by the Istanbul University, and they resulted in many important discoveries. A theatre exists there, consisting of three main sections: the seating, orchestra and stage. It held 12,000 spectators, with 19 rows of seats on the lower section, 23 on the top section, and a 52-metre stage.The stadium measures 34 square metres, with 13 rows of seats on top of the vaults. The eastern and western sides have 30 vaults each and the northern side has 10. For every three vaults there is an entrance to the stadium, and the other two were used as shops.
The Agora was the commercial and political centre of the city, with shops surrounding the central courtyard, some of which have mosaics on the floor.The agora measured 76 square metres, with a circular structure, in the centre with a diameter of 13.40 metres.
The colonnaded boulevard lies between the Hellenistic Gate and the nympheum on the slopes of the acropolis. On both sides of the street, 20 metres in width, are porticoes, some up to five meters high, behind which are shops. The street is divided into two, by a 2-metre wide water canal running through the middle.
Other structures include the necropolis, city walls, gymnasium, Roman Baths, memorial fountain and the Greek and Roman gates
History of bath culture,meaning a cleaning ritual and a social meeting goes to India,ancient Egypt,ancient Aegean and ancient Rome civilizations.This culture suggest relaxation of body and soul by influence of the bath glorious architectural structure.It is believed that a persons spends 1 or 2 hours in the bath gets cleaned both bodily and spiritually.
The prominent ones among the bath in Antalya are Yivli minare Bath(XIII.century) and Cifte Bath(XVI.century) in the city center,Caycibasi Bath(XVI.century) in Korkuteli and Bey Bath(XVI.century) in Elmali.As for the baths perpetuating traditional bath culture in Antalya I can mention about SEFA BATH(Kaleici),Akdeniz Bath,Antalya Yeni Bath,Nazir Hamami(Kaleici),and Ottoman Bath.In order to live through bath culture it is essantial to have a real experience of Turkish Bath,however,it is possible to have bath ritual at home with the products designed for bath.
Sefa Hamami:Barbaros Mah.Kocatepe sok.no;32 Kaleici/Antalya
- Arts and Culture
The ancient city of Limyra is in Antalya province,4 km north-east of the town of Fenike.The city of Limyra was called Zemuri in the Lycian language.It is most probable that the city called Zumarri in the Hittite tablets dated to 2000 B.C. is also Limyra.The city had a prosperous period during Pericles' reign,and became the capital city of the region.The tomb of monument of the King and Heroon(shrine) are among the most important monuments of Limyra,and they give importance to and dignify the Acropolis.
Limyra is one of the most important cities of Lycia,with its five different Necropolises that belong to the late classical period.
- Historical Travel
This mound is situated on the Elmali-Fenike highway,about 132 km southwest of Antalya in Beyler village,on the edge of the Karagol plain.The excavation has continued from 1994.In the course of these excavations,settements ranging from the Early Bronze Age dawn to the Eastern Roman period were found.
*A Höyük is a mound or hill of earth built through the collapse of successive mud built settlements.
Square one-domed mescid(small mosque),built in circa.13.century,structure is quite difficult to determine the exact date(Anatolian Seljuk era),walls cut stone masonry.
At the beginning of 1997,mescit was closed to worship,it was restored in 1998,and opened first day of Ramadan.
address:Barbaros mah.Kocatepe sok.
- Historical Travel
Mermerli beach is situated in the quite side of Kaleici(Oldcity),the oldest beach of Antalya belongs to the Mermerli Restaurant and situated east to the marina(old harbour).
Deck-chairs&umbrellas must be paid.Clear water,and very safe place for ladies.
And you may have also dinner,breakfast or lunch with the great cuisine of Mermerli Restaurant,amazing city view will accompany you during yr stay.
Kaleiçi Banyo Street Nr:25 ANTALYA
Phone: 0 242 248 54 84
Arykanda is a ruin site near the Arkiricay district of Arif village,near the Elmali-Finike highway.It is located on a very steep rock cliff called Sahinkaya(falconrock),on the south side of the Bey mountains.Standing on the northern edge,the name of this steep rock in the Luwian language was "Arykawanda",meaning "Below the lofty Rocky Cliffs".
- Historical Travel
The public latrine was fitted with stone slab seats(now disappeared) accomodating 24 people.Below was a drainage canal and in front a runnel for water used for cleaning.The interior was veneared with marble extending to the vaulted ceiling.Facing the toilets are one rectangular and two semicirculater cubicles containing water pipes.The niche on the external wall facing the agora was without water conduits and was presumably a shelter for statuary.
- Museum Visits
The Karain cave is located below the surface of the south slope of Cadir Hill on the side of Katvan Mountain,by the village of Yagca;approximately 30 km northwest of Antalya.The cave was discovered by Prof.Dr.Kokten while conducting a research exploration in the vicinity of the village of Gurma in Antalya province in 1946.After the discovery of the cave he carried out excavations under difficult conditions until 1973.
Karain is the biggest cave inhabited in prehistoric time in Turkey.Plentiful spring water,plant cover and convenient hunting areas motivated early man to settle in the Karain cave and for this reason,the archaeological richness and chronological continuity of Karain can not be seen in any other caves.
In terms of bathing culture,however,not much has changed since Ottoman times.After undressing cabins around the camekan,the entry courtyard,and wrapping in the PESTEMAL,a colourful checked towel,the visitor proceeds through the SOGUKLUK,a room of moderate temperature,to the HARARET,the steamy hot area of the bath.This marble clad central room of the bath is covered by a dome with round glass openings that allow daylight to fall inside in a beautiful pattern.
The walls are ringed with individual marble basins where bathers wash themselves.The center of the HARARET is occupied by a large platform(GOBEK TASI),where the hamam attendant treats visitors to an exfoliating body scrupy mitt(KESE) and an invigorating,if not occasionally rough,massage afterwards..
SEFA HAMAMI is an other unique 600 years old Historical Turkish bath in Kaleici(citadel)
It is not a place for touristic spots,it is an authentic Turkish bath.
You can also have in there soap,oil massage and peeling.
Turkish bath:13 YTL
Soap massage:6 YTL
open fm 9.oo am. till to 23.oo pm
address:Barbaros mah.KOcatepe sok.no 32 Kaleici Antalya
Phone: +90242 2412321
- Arts and Culture
Even through an inscription can not be found,it's understand that Mehmet Pasha mosque was built near the end XVIII. century by Tekeli Mehmet Pasha.The plan of the entire structure is nearly square,the frontals above the entrance door and the windows are made of hewn stone and the other section are covered with a yellow plaster.There is a central large dome and the north are three domes side by side.
WARNING:Over 95 percent of the Turkish population is Muslim.Mosques can be visited outside prayer times.Visitors should dress appropriately(no short skirts or shorts)and women should cover their heads with a scarf.
Always remove your shoes before entering mosque.
- Religious Travel