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Private Tour: Ephesus and St. Mary's House
"Visit the glorious Greco-Roman and Christian ruins of Ephesus which is known to be Commercial the Religious and Social Center of Antiquity and one of the highlight of any visit to Turkey. Ephesus is probably the best combination of Greek Roman and Byzantine civilizations. With the mythological stories and spectacular ruins you will feel the life in ancient Ephesus. See the Fountains of Trojan Polio the Temples of Hadrian and Domition
From $109.00
 
Kusadasi Half-Day Trip to Ephesus
"Once you meet your guide at a meeting point you can head to Ephesus in a private A/C minibus. Visit to Ephesus and see highlights with a small group tour with an English speaking professional guide. You will visit Oden Temple of Hadrian Roman Baths the fountain of Trajan the Celsius Library
From EUR55.00
 
Kusadasi Port to Ephesus - Virgin Mary's House - Temple of Artemis
"Meet your professional local guide at the port in Kusadasi and then and drive to Bulbul mountain taking in the ancient landscape passing through rustic centuries-old villages along the way. The first stop is the supposed house of the Virgin Mary. Learn about why some historians and archeologist think this could be the last residence of the Virgin Mary. The peaceful site is sacred and is visited by many tourists and pilgrims. This House was later visited by Popes Paul VI and John Paul II who confirmed it as a place of pilgrimage. The next stop is the ancient city of Ephesus famous in antiquity for its Temple of Artemus during the years of the Roman Empire. Founded as a Greek port
From $63.00

Celsus Library Tips (49)

a library as funerary monument!

in the ancient cities,necropolis stood always outside city walls (as e.g. in pamukkale).
to make the tomb monument possible inside ephesus,they had to change the monument into library!(no sooner said than done!)
marble sarcophagus was found in ...1904

because of sun,best pics of library are tooken in the morning.

cbeaujean's Profile Photo
cbeaujean
Nov 14, 2004

Celsus Library

This library is one of the most beautiful structures in Ephesus. It was built in the 2nd century A.D. It was a monumental tomb for Gaius Julius Celsus Polemaeanus who was the governor of the province of Asia; from his son Aquila. The grave of Celsus was beneath the ground floor, across the entrance and there was a statue of Athena over it.

The facade is highly ornamented on two levels, and there are three main portals. Over the portals were columns and statues arranged in niches. These statues were female figures representing the virtues wisdom, fate and intelligence. Niches on the interior of the building were designed to hold books. The tomb of Celsus was placed in a crypt below the central large niche.

The capacity of the library was more than 12,000 scrolls. It was the third richest library in ancient times after the Alexandra and Pergamum. The library was restored with the aid of the Austrian Archaeological Institute.

Kuznetsov_Sergey's Profile Photo
Kuznetsov_Sergey
Jan 19, 2009

THE LIBRARY OF CELSUS

This i think is what everybody who visits Ephesus comes to see, its the Library of Celsus. Having seen it for the first time this year i was amazed at the site, the photos does not really give it justice, its much more impresive seeing it for yourself. Restoration on the library started back in 1970 and now its the most beautiful monument in the whole of Ephisus. The library when built was the third largest of its time and was built at a cost of 2000 dinarii and every year 23000 dinarii was spent on the purchase of new books. In 262 A.D. the library was torched by the Goths and although the building survived all the several thousand books were destroyed. In 400 A.D. the library was restored and turned into a fountain and pool but in the middle ages a huge earthquake brought the library crashing to the ground once more. since then 85 of the original pieces of the library have been found and reconstructed to the sight you see today

whitecliff62's Profile Photo
whitecliff62
Jan 07, 2006

Library for the Roman

In ancient time the Celcus Library is the second largest to the library in Alexandria in Egypt.

It was built in the 2nd century by Julius Aquila for his father Celsus Polemaeanus as a monumental tomb. Almost the whole remnant is built from marble.

The library contained 12,000 hand written scrolls probably from papyrus paper rolls, which most likely they imported from Egypt.

Looking from the front is a two storey buildings. Inside the building I can only see a single large hall.

Outside between the two marble columns is a fake statue of Sophia who is the goddess of wisdom, the statue of Arete who represents virtue and two others Episteme and Ennoia represent destiny and knowledge respectively. They say the original is in Vienna or the British museum.

The photos is taken from the front and inside the library

fachd's Profile Photo
fachd
Dec 21, 2007
 
 
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Library of Celsus

The Library of Celsus is unquestionably the first image that comes to mind when thinking of Ephesus. The Consul of Aquila built the library in 135 A.D. in honor of his father Celsus Polemaeanus. The library has a magnificently ornamented facade composed of three main portals. Over the portals we can see statues of female figures representing the virtues of wisdom, fate and intelligence.

guell's Profile Photo
guell
Aug 02, 2004

The Iconic Image of Ephesus

The most beautiful facade in Ephesus is the Library of Celsius built between 117-135 AD as a tomb and monument for Celsius Polemaeanus the governor of Rome's Asian province between 107-114 AD by his son Galius Julius Aquila. Burial within city limits was only allowed as part of a public building, allowing Galius to honor his father as well as lend status to himself by private benefaction, a Roman prerequisite for public office and prestige. Celsius was buried in a white marble tomb within the lower level of the building.

The architect is not known, but his work lends him credit. The Library was built in a narrow space between two other buildings. To give the impression of greater size and majesty, the central columns are larger than the side columns and the entire building was built on a slope downward, an optical illusion. The columns for the second level are shorter than those for the first. Many of these contrivances can be seen on the accompanying images.
The library faces east to allow for greater light within as recommended by Vitruvius, Rome's most famous early architect. Nine steps lead to the facade which features four statues said to reflect the virtues of Celsius (goodness - Arete, Ennoia - thought, Episteme - knowledge, and Sophia - wisdom ). The original statues were removed by early Austrian architects to Vienna and only copies remain.
While only the facade remains today, excavations suggest an interesting inner architecture, two outside walls separated by a meter wide space designed to protect the scrolls from moisture, mildew, and insects. The Library is said to have upwards of 12,000 scrolls making it the third largest library of its time.

The library would be burned and destroyed by the Goth invasion of 262 AD, leaving the facade alone undamaged. It was restored around 400 but totally destroyed including the famed facade in a 10th C earthquake. Restoration began in the 1970's by a Turkish team of architects funded by Austria. The facade is held together today by a hidden steel and concrete structure said to be earthquake resistant. One need not pass through the three famed doors to knowledge - there is only the front of the building.

nicolaitan's Profile Photo
nicolaitan
Dec 04, 2008

THE LIBRARY OF CELSUS

This is one of the top facades of the library which is 2 storys high and mesures 16 meters. The back of the library has been fitted with a concrete and steel support which can stand an earthquake mesuring up to 9 on the Richter scale

whitecliff62's Profile Photo
whitecliff62
Jan 07, 2006

The Library of Celsus

The Library of Celsus is considered to be the most spectacular of the many ruins at Ephesus. It was built in the 2nd Century A.D. by Consul Tiberius Julius Aquilus in honour of his father Celsus Polemaeanus, the Roman Govenor of Asia Minor. The library at one time contained 12,000 scrolls. The Library is famed for its facade. It features four statues representing the four virtues, goodness, thought, knowledge and wisdom.

Paul2001's Profile Photo
Paul2001
Jun 25, 2004
whitecliff62's Profile Photo

whitecliff62

"THE WONDER OF EPHESUS"
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Kuznetsov_Sergey's Profile Photo

Kuznetsov_Sergey

"Ephesus - Ancient city"
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nicolaitan's Profile Photo

nicolaitan

"The Inspiring Roman Ruins of Ephesus"
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fachd's Profile Photo

fachd

"Ephesus the open air Museum"
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Paul2001's Profile Photo

Paul2001

"Ephesus (Efes) and Nearby Selcuk"
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Celsus Library

Celsus library is the prominent and most beautiful building on the site of Ephesus. The Library was erected in110 AD by Consul Gaius Julius Aquila for his father Tiberius Julius Celsus Polemaeanus, formerly Roman Consul and governor of the province Asia minor, now Turkey. The library was completed in 135 AD by his heirs and Celsus buried in a marble sarcophagus. During the first diggings, in 1904, it was found that it contained a lead sarcophagus with Celsus skeleton. The front of the library has been reconstructed and gives a unique example of what were libraries in the Roman Empire. It could house 12,000 scrolls. It was the third richest library of the Empire after Alexandria and Pergame

For more on Celsus library, you can read the article in Wikipedia.
The first photo shows Celsus library from the square in front.
The second photo shows Celsus library from half way on Curetes Street.

Note that the monument is often wrongly named “Celsius library”. This is most probably a confusion with the name of Magnus Nicolai Celsius (1621-1679), who established the Centigrade scale of temperature, also named Celsius scale.

JLBG's Profile Photo
JLBG
Jan 02, 2009

Celsus Library, the goddess

Man size statues of goddess stand in the four niches of the ground level of Celsus library.

First from left (first photo): Arèti, symbol of virtue.

Second from left (second photo): Sophia, symbol of wisdom

Second from right: Episteme, symbol of knowledge

First from right: Ennoia, symbol of faith

The originals are on display in Vienna museum. Copies have been installed in the niches.

JLBG's Profile Photo
JLBG
Jan 02, 2009

Celsus Library

One of the finest structures in Ephesus, the Celsus Library has recently been restored. Raised on a high plinth, the building is approached via a broad flight of steps.
It was built by the Consul Gaius Julius Aquila in 135 AD, in honour of his father, Celsus Polemaeanus, the governor of Asia Minor. The facade is highly ornamented on two levels, and there are three main portals. Over the portals were columns and statues arranged in niches. These statues were female figures representing the virtues wisdom, fate and intellegence. Niches on the interior of the building were designed to hold books. The tomb of Celsus was placed in a crypt below the central large niche.
According to the inscription on the architrave of the building, its patron, C.Aquila, died before it was completed, and the construction was carried on by his heirs.

TomorrowsAngel's Profile Photo
TomorrowsAngel
Sep 14, 2003

Efeze - the Celcus Library

One of the four facade monuments !!
The statue of Sophia - at the left of the building !
The statues were removed during the restauration.
On the bottom of each statue you will find some inscriptions - 4 statues - four names :
-Sophia : symbol of wisdom
-Episterne : symbol of knowledge
-Ennoia - symbol of faith
-Arete - symbol of virtueness

Luchonda's Profile Photo
Luchonda
Sep 08, 2003

Things to Do Near Celsus Library

Things to Do

Isa Bey mosque

After checking many small mosques it was time to check the big one (it’s base is 48 x56 meters). Isa Bey camii is located 350m from the Information Center walking up St Jean Caddesi It’s an...
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Artemision - Temple of Artemis

I took a free map from the Information Center (opposite otogar) and realized that the Artemis Temple that some advertise as part of their daily tour in the area was just 100m away :) As I walked in...
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Terrace Houses

Rising up from the Curetes Street near its end at the Celsus Library is a complex- Terrace House 2 - of some six residential homes. These were homes for very wealthy families dating back to the 1st...
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Virgin Mary’s House

We were told to visit this location on a cruise stop. Upon the 50 minute drive via cab into the mountain to be dropped off to pay $13 a person to get in to look at a house built in 1955 was an insult...
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Getting to Celsus Library

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