The best thing with Bodrum Castle it that it works as a museum anyway but there are some interesting separated rooms where you see several antiquities. The Bodrum Museum of Underwater Archaeology houses item that had been found in the Aegean sea from wrecks, an ancient shipwreck replica etc
The old mosque(suleymaniye camii) was originally a chapel, but it was nice to see also many artifacts from a Byzantine shipwreck. As the time was passing I started to feel tired though, the sun will always be bright (I was lucky having clouds above) so bring water with you. Try to go to many different corners of the castle and check small details, an old well, an olive tree, a chair etc
In 2015 the entrance fee is 25 YTL (about 8euro) and worth every lira of it.
It’s open Tuesday to Sunday 8.00 to 18.30 (until the end of October)
The Bodrum Castle was the main reason I visited Bodrum in 2007. Without a doubt the castle dominates the city and it’s really amazing seeing it up from a hill or down from the Bodrum Marina.
The castle is big enough though so consider that you are going to spend at least two hours to see every part of it. Some locals told me that there are visitors of Bodrum that don’t go inside the castle but it’s really a pity to miss this because you have to drink the 10th beer of the day :) On a rainy October day I was almost alone.
The construction of the castle began back in the 13th century when the medieval knights of St.John using parts of the tomb of King Mausoleus built the first part of it on the site of a fortification from Doric times (1110BC) where Seljuk Turks had built a small castle in 11th century. By the way the mausoleum was one the seven wonders of the ancient world.
Anyway, the castle that was occupied by knights and soldiers protected Bodrum from the Ottomans attacks and it served as a refuge for all Christians in Asia Minor. Ottomans attempted many times to conquer the castle but failed and it was in 1522 when the castle of Rhodes had fallen and demanded the handling of two other fortresses (one in Kos and this one on Bodrum). They turned the chapel into a mosque (suleymaniye camii). In early 19th century the castle was used by the Turkish army as a military base against the greek revolution while at the end of the century was turned into a prison but the castle stood empty after WWI and turned into a museum only in 1962.
All around the castle you will see signs about the birds/animals which lived in the castle and interesting info/legends about them:
Ducks(one of the favorite foods of the roman period),
Crows(when Apollo informed by a white crow that Koronis loved another person cursed the crow and turned it into black!),
Pigeon(sacred animal of Aphrodite),
Owl(favorite animal of Athena),
Rooster & Hen(fav food in ancient times),
Peacock(Here had Argus's eyes placed in the tail of a peacock when Zeus killed Argus),
Lizard(Apollo Sauractanos means Lizard Killer),
Snake(god of Medicine Asklepios and his daughter Hygeia(health in greek) have snakes as their emblem),
Mouse(god Apollo Smintheus which means Mouse-scarer),
Spider(Athena transformed Arakhne(spider in greek) to a spider after Arakhne's selfsuicide because she lost the competition with Athena of who is best web master)
Fly(Hera lets a gadfly to follow Lo for revenge. Lo runs away to escape and travels all over the world)
Scorpion(Artemis turned the scorpion into a Zodiac sign and Orion into a star)
Ant(When Myrmeks(ant in greek) was proud to find the catapult of Athena's invention she was transformed into an ant by her! it seems the greek Gods transformed everyone that they didnt like! :) )
Bodrum Castle (Bodrum Kalesi), located in southwest Turkey in the city of Bodrum, was built by the Knights Hospitaller starting in 1402 as the Castle of St. Peter.
Sir Thomas Docwra was one time captain of the castle. In 1522 when faced by attack from Sultan Suleiyman, the Grand Master of the Hospitallers ordered the Castle to be repaired. In desperation, the Hospitallers broke open the Mausoleum, finding all sorts of elaboratedly adorned marble blocks and carvings which they admired but nevertheless destroyed, using the debris as building material. They also discovered the sarcophagus of Mausolus, but this was stolen during the night. The Knights Hospitaller were soon defeated and driven from Bodrum. Some decorative slabs have been found in the ruins of the Castle, one slab has turned up in Genoa.
In 1846 Lord Stratford de Redeliffe, the British Ambassador to Constantinople take twelve slabs showing a combat between Greeks and Amazons. Sir Charles Newton conducted excavations and removed a number of stone lions in 1856. Presently, these are all to be found at the British Museum.
The size of the castel is 180X185 m.All the towers in the castle has a name the highest one is called French Tower and its 47.50 m high.The rest of the towers are called Italian,german,english and the tower of snakes.In the XIX siecle the castle was used as prison Under the chapel there are 14 water tanks.
There are a lot of different exhibitions at Bodrum Castle, and there are slices of history throughout the entire building, but one of the best bits of a visit to Bodrum Castle is to walk around the ramparts and take in the view of the bay.
As well as lots of historical things to look at, and exhibitions to tour, the castle is just a really great building to walk around, and from the ramparts you get a good view of the bay and surrounding area.
the ancient glass collection @ bodrum kalesi, located inside a very dark room. the ancient glass collection is one of the four biggest ancient glass collections in the world.
unguentariums, small and really cute jugs and vases, various stones and precious rocks dating back around 2nd to 4th AD.
type of ceramic vase with two handles and a long neck narrower than the body. used by the ancient Greeks and Romans as the principal means for transporting and storing grapes, olive oil, wine, oil, olives, grain, fish, and other commodities.
there's a large collection of amphora inside the castle of st. peter or bodrum castle, dating back as far as the BC times. these vases were a part of the museum of underwater archelogy and recovered from several ancient shipwrecks of roman merchant vessels.
most of them are in good shape, some with corals that have accummulated around it.
interesting for vases enthusiasts.
aside from the nightlife and the marina, i think the st. peter's castle is the main attraction of bodrum, also known as bodrum castle or bodrum kalesi was built by the Knights Hospitaller in 1402 . there're a lot of stuff to see inside, outside and around the castle.
walk along the marina and it's located at the far end. we paid TL10, the castle houses the Museum of Underwater Archaeology, so abundant in artefact discoveries of ancient shipwrecks in the Aegean Sea like amphora vases dating back to BC which i find interesting (well, i was imagining how many ancient people held these water vases while i was scanning the collections). then there's this dark room where they're keeping small ancient cute glasses kept well and illuminated by really dark lights, some precious stones too.
the view at the top of the castle is breathtaking.
the castle is really worth a visit.
You can't miss this prominent Castle in Bodrum's Harbour. It is built on a peninsula between two bays, but this was not always the case, originally, it was completely surrounded with water. Construction on the Castle began in 1402. This Castle was considered very important, so the Vatican sent Christians here to help with the work.
In 1409, the Papal Office, issued a decree stating that all those who helped in the construction would receive a guaranteed reservation in Heaven!!
By using materials from the Mausoleum, the 1st walls were completed in 1437.
The Castle was built to defend Bodrum, which it did, not always successfully until the end of World War 1. This was the last Christian stronghold in Antolia. In 1961, the Castle became a Museum.
It is easy to get around as there are arrows on the ground showing you which direction to go. There is also a SHORT TOUR, or a LONG TOUR TRAIL to follow.
Make sure you allow plenty of time, as I was here quite a while and didn't get to see all because of some being closed. It was disappointing that they were.
Well worth visiting, has lovely view in all directions and interesting history.
Entrance to it is on the Harbour side that leads to the Ferry Terminal.
Open daily.......... CLOSED MONDAYS
OPENING HOURS..................9 -12 & 2 - 7PM
ADMISSION IN 2009..............10 T/L
I was there on opening time, and not all the museums were open. The attendants were only just arriving!
THE SNAKE.... Sacred symbol of healers.
It was marked on statues of Asclepious (the God of Health) in ancient mythology. It is believed that the Snake emblem, emblazoned on the tower, marks a former place of healing. It is thought, that this Snake Tower, may have been an Infirmary, used by the Knights of the Hospital of St. John.
Inside now, it the Secret Museum, with displays of artifacts on Birth, Life & Death.
The SACRED SNAKE OF ANCIENT TIMES, Is a symbol that represents, MEDICINE, POWER, SIN, DEATH, SEXUALITY AND PRODUCTIVITY.
Located in the S.E. corner of Bodrum Castle, this Tower is known by other names, such as "Lion Tower" and "St. Catherines Tower" Its construction was financed by contributions from England. The Tower is regarded as one of the most important, well preserved monuments to be built outside of England.
It has three stories. The bottom, used to be the Dungeons. The hall, which is reached through the northern entrance, has the Royal Coat of Arms of Henry IV of England mounted above it. Inside, there is Medieval attire and a huge table.
In modern times, sometimes a Banquet is held here. The staff dress in Medieval attire, and period music is played!
Glass objects dating from 1400BC to 1100 AD are displayed in a small hall in the former Chapel of the Castle. On display, is glass found from Shipwrecks and Ancient sites in the region. The rare pieces are displayed in specially lit cabinets to get the best effect. It is really well done, and there are some beautiful pieces.