The cemetery is location Cemetery Hill in Gettysburg. Cemetery Hill was actually named before the battle because of a small city cemetery called Evergreen Cemetery that was established in 1854.
Cemetery Hill also played a role in the Battle of Gettysburg. On the first day of battle, 1 July 1863, Union lead elements under the command of General Howard were routed west of town, but they were able to retreat and hold the line where the reserve division had held a defense at Cemetery Hill. This became the northern end of the Union lines throughout the battle.
On the second day of battle, as Longstreet's Corps attacked to the south, Ewell's Confederate Corps stuck the northern end of the Union line on Cemetery Hill. The attack did not start until near dusk as Confederate Major General Edward "Allegheny" Johnson struck the east side of Culp's Hill, and shortly later Jubal Early's forces struck the Union forces on the west side of Cemetery Hill. Around dark the Confederates planted their flag on Cemetery Hill, but quick reinforcements from Major General Winfield Scott Hancock displaced the southerners and sent them back to rebel lines for the night.
On the third day of the Gettysburg Battle, Cemetery Hill was not directly attacked, but Union forces were able to assist in the defeat of Pickett's Charge with withering flanking fire on the attacking units.
"Four score and seven years ago..."
At the end of the Battle of Gettysburg, forces from both sides quickly buried many of the 7,863 dead in shallow graves throughout the battlefield. The people of Gettysburg and the Governor of Pennsylvania soon pushed forward a project to create a cemetery for the dead. Land was purchased on the edge of town and on 19 November 1863, this cemetery was dedicated with a huge ceremony. The keynote speaker for the dedication was former Congressman Edward Everett, who delivered a two-hour speech to the 10,000 or so people who gathered for the event. The ceremony was concluded with a few simple words from President Abraham Lincoln, in what became his most famous words -- the Gettysburg Address.
In this cemetery are the remains of 3,512 Union soldiers organized in a circular pattern around the Soldiers National Monument. Later, another 2,500 men, who perished in the Spanish-American War and World War I, were buried here.
East Cemetery Hill is across the street from the Baltimore Pike entrance to the Soldiers' National Cemetery. There are many monuments commemorating the battle there at the end of the day on 2 Jul 1863. There are some nice views at the top of the hill and one can see why it was a strategic position. One of the videos is a panorama from East Cemetery Hill. It too is within walking distance of the Dobbin House. The Hall of Presidents, Soldiers' Museum and Ginnie Wade's House are 1-2 blocks up Baltimore Street.
July 2nd, 1863, the 2nd day of the battle here in Gettysburg. The view in the picture is looking at Cemetery Hill where the Union army planned the attacked of over 2500 Confederate Soldiers, including some from Louisiana and North Carolina. These particular regiments happened to break the line of resistance and capture many of the cannons of the Union Army. However, because they were isolated from the rest of the confederate troops, they were soon under major attack from the Union side and were forced to retreat.
Besides the history of this, it's a great place to relax and enjoy the view which has you looking down in the town (proper) of Gettysburg