Here are some historical facts about this interesting city: Founded in 7th Century BC, Kavala at first was called Neapolis and was an supporter of Athens for many years in its war against Sparta. From 350 B.C, Philip II, king of Macedonia, who gave his name to the nearby city of Philipi, dominated the area of Kavala. It became the most important center of the region and today is one of the most important archaeological places of Greece.
Later, during the domination of Rome in this area, important historical events took place here, such as the famous battle of Philipi. In 42 BC, during this battle, the Romans armies of Brutus and Anthony fought in the valley of Philipi, after the murder of Cesar. In 49 BC, the Apostle Paul, in preaching Christianity, visited Philipi, where he baptized Lidia, the first Christian of Europe. For this he was subsequently imprisoned here.
In the 9th Century, the Byzantines conquered Kavala, which at that time was named Christoupolis. Later in 1387, Kavala fell under the dominion of the Turks, who destroyed it in 1391. In the 16th Century, the city was founded again with the name of Kavala. The Turkish domination continued until 1913 , when it was liberated and became part of Greece. Many! Restaurant in old quarter Panagia and excelent, huge and cheap kalamari there! Open market close to port, narrow streets of old town....
What to bring with?
Luggage with wheels is always a good idea, wherever you are travelling. Whether snowy/wet/sunny/warm or cold weather, layer your clothing.
Always remember to bring a cap/hat that covers your head and neck for when it gets hot, as well as sunglasses. Sunscreen (Factor 35 is the minimum factor I use, no matter what the weather is), headache tablets and usual little things like some plasters for blisters, cotton wool, germolene etc. Your camera, with charger, and a EUROPEAN plug extension. Have a map of the area handy, plus a local bird, flower and tree book. For this you also need a pair of good quality binoculars
Although the aquaduct, which is likely the first historic site that will catch your eye upon entering Kavala, is of Roman origin, it is actually much more recent. It was built by the Ottoman Turkish Süleyman the Magnificent between 1520 and 1566. There isn't really anything to visit, but it does provide you with a great backdrop for pictures.
"Kavala and his history"
Kavala is the second largest city in northern Greece,
The city was founded by settlers from Thasos in about the 6th century BC, who called it Neapolis ("new city")
In the Roman Era Kavala became a Roman civitas in 168 BC, and was a base for Brutus and Cassius in 42 BC, before their defeat in the Battle of Philippi. The Apostle Paul landed at Kavala on his first voyage to Europe
In Byzantine times the city was called Christoupolis by the Greeks and Morunets by the Bulgarians. During the Norman raid in Macedonia (1185), the city was captured and was burned.
In the Ottoman Era ,Kavala was part of the Ottoman Empire from 1387 to 1912. In the middle of 15 th century it is mentioned by the name of Kavala. In the middle of the 16th century, Ibrahim Pasha, the Greek-born Grand Vizier of Suleyman the Magnificent, contributed to the prosperity and growth of Kavala by the construction of an aqueduct. The Ottomans also extended the Byzantine fortress on the hill of Panagia. Both landmarks are among the most recognizable symbols of the city today.
Kavala was liberated by the Greek Navy during the first Balkan war in 1913. After the Greco-Turkish War the city entered a new era of prosperity because of the labour offered by the thousands of refugees that moved to the area from Asia Minor. . Many buildings related to the storage and processing of tobacco from that era are preserved in the city. In the late 50s Kavala expanded towards the sea by Land reclamation of the area west of the port.
"Mehmet Ali Pasha from Kavala"
Kavalalı Mehmet Ali Paşa in Turkish,born of Albanian parents in 1769 in Kavala in the Ottoman territory of Macedonia (now in Greece) - died at Alexandria August 2, 1849, was Wāli of Egypt and Sudan, and is regarded as the "founder of modern Egypt". The dynasty he established would rule Egypt and Sudan until the Egyptian Revolution of 1952.
His house has been preserved as a museum in the city.
Kavala is a city in northern Greece, the principal seaport of eastern Macedonia and the capital of Kavala prefecture. It is prettily situated on the Bay of Kavala, across from the island of Thasos
"History of Kavala"
It was originally founded by settlers from Paros in about the 6th century BC, who called it Neapolis ("new city"). Gold mines in the Pangaion hills nearby made it prosperous. It became a Roman civitas in 168 BC, and was a base for Brutus and Cassius in 42 BC, before their defeat in the Battle of Philippi. The Apostle Paul landed at Kavala on his first voyage to Europe, and in Byzantine times the city was renamed Christoupolis.
Kavala was part of the Ottoman Empire from 1371 to 1912. Mehmet Ali was born here in 1769. Some of its most recognisable landmarks is a Venetian castle, in the hill of Panagia, and an aquaduct rebuilt by Suleiman I during his reign. The latter still serves today as a symbol of the city.